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MailboxProcessor.TryReceive<'Msg> Method (F#)

Den Delimarsky|Last Updated: 8/18/2017
1 Contributor

Waits for a message. This will consume the first message in arrival order.

Namespace/Module Path: Microsoft.FSharp.Control

Assembly: FSharp.Core (in FSharp.Core.dll)


// Signature:
member this.TryReceive : ?int -> Async<'Msg option>

// Usage:
mailboxProcessor.TryReceive ()
mailboxProcessor.TryReceive (timeout = timeout)


timeout Type: int

An optional timeout in milliseconds. Defaults to -1 which corresponds to System.Threading.Timeout.Infinite.

Return Value

An asynchronous computation (Async object) that returns the received message or None if the timeout is exceeded.


This method is for use within the body of the agent. Returns None if a timeout is given and the timeout is exceeded. This method is for use within the body of the agent. For each agent, at most one concurrent reader may be active, so no more than one concurrent call to Receive, TryReceive, Scan or TryScan may be active.


The following example shows how to use TryReceive. If a message is not received within 10 seconds, a timeout occurs and the message ID increments by 1.

open System

type Message = string * AsyncReplyChannel<string>

let formatString = "Message number {0} was received. Message contents: {1}"

let agent = MailboxProcessor<Message>.Start(fun inbox ->
    let rec loop n =
        async {
                let! opt = inbox.TryReceive(10000);
                match opt with
                | None -> do! loop(n + 1)
                | Some (message, replyChannel) ->
                    // The delay gets longer with each message, and eventually triggers a timeout.
                    if (message = "Stop") then
                        replyChannel.Reply(String.Format(formatString, n, message))
                    do! loop (n + 1)
    loop 0)

printfn "Mailbox Processor Test"
printfn "Type some text and press Enter to submit a message."
printfn "Type 'Stop' to close the program."

let mutable isCompleted = false
while (not isCompleted) do
    printf "> "
    let input = Console.ReadLine()
    let reply = agent.PostAndReply(fun replyChannel -> input, replyChannel)
    if (reply <> "Stop") then
        printfn "Reply: %s" reply
        isCompleted <- true

printfn "Press Enter to continue."
Console.ReadLine() |> ignore

A sample session follows. Notice that the message number 2 is skipped due to the timeout.

Mailbox Processor Test
Type some text and press Enter to submit a message.
Type 'Stop' to close the program.
> test1Reply: Message number 0 was received. Message contents: test1
> test2Reply: Message number 1 was received. Message contents: test2
> test3Reply: Message number 3 was received. Message contents: test3
> Stop
Press Enter to continue.


Windows 8, Windows 7, Windows Server 2012, Windows Server 2008 R2

Version Information

F# Core Library Versions

Supported in: 2.0, 4.0, Portable

See Also

Control.MailboxProcessor<'Msg> Class (F#)

Microsoft.FSharp.Control Namespace (F#)

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