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Read From and Write To a Field in a DAO Recordset

office 365 dev account|Last Updated: 6/12/2017
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When you read or write data to a field, you are actually reading or setting the DAO Value property of a Field object. The DAO Value property is the default property of a Field object. Therefore, you can set the DAO Value property of the LastName field in the rstEmployees Recordset in any of the following ways.

rstEmployees!LastName.Value = strName 
rstEmployees!LastName = strName 
rstEmployees![LastName] = strName 

The tables underlying a Recordset object may not permit you to modify data, even though the Recordset is of type dynaset or table, which are usually updatable. Check the Updatable property of the Recordset to determine whether its data can be changed. If the property is True, the Recordset object can be updated.

Individual fields within an updatable Recordset object may not be updatable, and trying to write to these fields generates a run-time error. To determine whether a given field is updatable, check the DataUpdatable property of the corresponding Field object in the Fields collection of the Recordset. The following example returns True if all fields in the dynaset created by strQuery are updatable and returns False otherwise.

Function RecordsetUpdatable(strSQL As String) As Boolean 

Dim dbsNorthwind As DAO.Database 
Dim rstDynaset As DAO.Recordset 
Dim intPosition As Integer 

On Error GoTo ErrorHandler 

   ' Initialize the function's return value to True. 
   RecordsetUpdatable = True 

   Set dbsNorthwind = CurrentDb 
   Set rstDynaset = dbsNorthwind.OpenRecordset(strSQL, dbOpenDynaset) 

   ' If the entire dynaset isn't updatable, return False. 
   If rstDynaset.Updatable = False Then 
      RecordsetUpdatable = False 
      ' If the dynaset is updatable, check if all fields in the 
      ' dynaset are updatable. If one of the fields isn't updatable, 
      ' return False. 
      For intPosition = 0 To rstDynaset.Fields.Count - 1 
         If rstDynaset.Fields(intPosition).DataUpdatable = False Then 
            RecordsetUpdatable = False 
            Exit For 
         End If 
      Next intPosition 
   End If 


   Set rstDynaset = Nothing 
   Set dbsNorthwind = Nothing 

Exit Sub 

   MsgBox "Error #: " &; Err.Number &; vbCrLf &; vbCrLf &; Err.Description 
End Function

Any single field can impose a number of criteria on data in that field when records are added or updated. These criteria are defined by a handful of properties. The DAO AllowZeroLength property on a Text or Memo field indicates whether or not the field will accept a zero-length string (""). The DAO Required property indicates whether or not some value must be entered in the field, or if it instead can accept a Null value. For a Field object on a Recordset, these properties are read-only; their state is determined by the underlying table. Validation is the process of determining whether data entered into a field's DAO Value property is within an acceptable range. A Field object on a Recordset may have the DAO ValidationRule and ValidationText properties set. The DAO ValidationRule property is simply a criteria expression, similar to the criteria of an SQL WHERE clause, without the WHERE keyword. The DAO ValidationText property is a string that Access displays in an error message if you try to enter data in the field that is outside the limits of the DAO ValidationRule property. If you are using DAO in your code, then you can use the DAO ValidationText for a message that you want to display to the user.

Note The DAO ValidationRule and ValidationText properties also exist at the Recordset level. These are read-only properties, reflecting the table-level validation scheme established on the table from which the current record is retrieved.

A Field object on a Recordset also features the ValidateOnSet property. When the ValidateOnSet property is set to True, Access checks validation as soon as the field's DAO Value property is set. When it is set to False (the default), Access checks validation only when the completed record is updated. For example, if you are adding data to a record that contains a large Memo or OLE Object field and that has the DAO ValidationRule property set, you should determine whether the new data violates the validation rule before trying to write the data. To do so, set the ValidateOnSet property to True. If you wait to check validation until the entire record is written to disk, you may waste time trying to write an invalid record to disk.

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