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VARX.P Function (DAX)

Owen Duncan|Last Updated: 10/5/2018
1 Contributor

Returns the variance of the entire population.


VARX.P(<table>, <expression>)  


Any DAX expression that returns a table of data.

Any DAX expression that returns a single scalar value, where the expression is to be evaluated multiple times (for each row/context).

Return Value

A number with the variance of the entire population.



  1. VARX.P evaluates <expression> for each row of <table> and returns the variance of <expression> assuming that <table> refers to the entire population.. If <table> represents a sample of the population, then compute the variance by using VARX.S.

  2. VARX.P uses the following formula:

    ∑(x - x̃)²/n

    where x̃ is the average value of x for the entire population

    and n is the population size

  3. Blank rows are filtered out from columnName and not considered in the calculations.

  4. An error is returned if columnName contains less than 2 non-blank rows

This DAX function may return different results when used in a model that is deployed and then queried in DirectQuery mode. For more information about semantic differences in DirectQuery mode, see


The following example shows the formula for a calculated column that calculates the variance of the unit price per product, when the formula is used in the Product table

=VARX.P(InternetSales_USD, InternetSales_USD[UnitPrice_USD] –(InternetSales_USD[DiscountAmount_USD]/InternetSales_USD[OrderQuantity]))  
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