AttributeGetCustomAttribute Method
 

Retrieves a custom attribute applied to a member of a type. Parameters specify the member, the type of the custom attribute to search for, and whether to search ancestors of the member.

Namespace:   System
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

public static Attribute GetCustomAttribute(
	MemberInfo element,
	Type attributeType,
	bool inherit
)
public:
static Attribute^ GetCustomAttribute(
	MemberInfo^ element,
	Type^ attributeType,
	bool inherit
)
static member GetCustomAttribute : 
        element:MemberInfo *
        attributeType:Type *
        inherit:bool -> Attribute
Public Shared Function GetCustomAttribute (
	element As MemberInfo,
	attributeType As Type,
	inherit As Boolean
) As Attribute

Parameters

element
Type:

An object derived from the MemberInfo class that describes a constructor, event, field, method, or property member of a class.

attributeType
Type:

The type, or a base type, of the custom attribute to search for.

inherit
Type:

If true, specifies to also search the ancestors of element for custom attributes.

Return Value

Type:

A reference to the single custom attribute of type attributeType that is applied to element, or null if there is no such attribute.

Exception Condition
ArgumentNullException

element or attributeType is null.

ArgumentException

attributeType is not derived from Attribute.

NotSupportedException

element is not a constructor, method, property, event, type, or field.

AmbiguousMatchException

More than one of the requested attributes was found.

TypeLoadException

A custom attribute type cannot be loaded.

System_CAPS_noteNote

Starting with the .NET Framework version 2.0, this method returns security attributes on types, methods, and constructors if the attributes are stored in the new metadata format. Assemblies compiled with version 2.0 or later use the new format. Dynamic assemblies and assemblies compiled with earlier versions of the .NET Framework use the old XML format. See Emitting Declarative Security Attributes.

The following code example illustrates the use of the GetCustomAttribute method taking a MemberInfo as a parameter.

using System;
using System.Reflection;

namespace IsDef4CS 
{
    public class TestClass 
    {
        // Assign the Obsolete attribute to a method.
        [Obsolete("This method is obsolete. Use Method2 instead.")]
        public void Method1()
        {}
        public void Method2()
        {}
    }

    public class DemoClass 
    {
        static void Main(string[] args) 
        {
            // Get the class type to access its metadata.
            Type clsType = typeof(TestClass);
            // Get the MethodInfo object for Method1.
            MethodInfo mInfo = clsType.GetMethod("Method1");
            // See if the Obsolete attribute is defined for this method.
            bool isDef = Attribute.IsDefined(mInfo, typeof(ObsoleteAttribute));
            // Display the result.
            Console.WriteLine("The Obsolete Attribute {0} defined for {1} of class {2}.",
                isDef ? "is" : "is not", mInfo.Name, clsType.Name);
            // If it's defined, display the attribute's message.
            if (isDef) 
            {
                ObsoleteAttribute obsAttr = 
                                 (ObsoleteAttribute)Attribute.GetCustomAttribute( 
                                                    mInfo, typeof(ObsoleteAttribute));
                if (obsAttr != null)
                    Console.WriteLine("The message is: \"{0}\".",
                        obsAttr.Message);
                else
                    Console.WriteLine("The message could not be retrieved.");
            }
        }
    }
}

/*
 * Output:
 * The Obsolete Attribute is defined for Method1 of class TestClass.
 * The message is: "This method is obsolete. Use Method2 instead.".
 */
Imports System
Imports System.Reflection

Module DemoModule

    Public Class TestClass
        ' Assign the Obsolete attribute to a method.
        <Obsolete("This method is obsolete. Use Method2() instead.")> _
        Public Sub Method1()
        End Sub

        Public Sub Method2()
        End Sub
    End Class

    Sub Main()
        ' Get the class type to access its metadata.
        Dim clsType As Type = GetType(TestClass)
        ' Get the MethodInfo object for Method1.
        Dim mInfo As MethodInfo = clsType.GetMethod("Method1")
        ' See if the Obsolete attribute is defined for this method.
        Dim isDef As Boolean = Attribute.IsDefined(mInfo, _
            GetType(ObsoleteAttribute))
        Dim strDef As String
        If isDef = True Then
            strDef = "is"
        Else
            strDef = "is not"
        End If
        ' Display the results.
        Console.WriteLine("The Obsolete attribute {0} defined for " & _
            "method {1} of class {2}.", strDef, mInfo.Name, clsType.Name)
        ' If it's defined, display the attribute's message.
        If isDef = True Then
            Dim attr As Attribute = Attribute.GetCustomAttribute(mInfo, _
                GetType(ObsoleteAttribute))
            If Not attr Is Nothing And TypeOf attr Is ObsoleteAttribute Then
                Dim obsAttr As ObsoleteAttribute = _
                    CType(attr, ObsoleteAttribute)
                Console.WriteLine("The message is: ""{0}""", obsAttr.Message)
            Else
                Console.WriteLine("The message could not be retrieved.")
            End If
        End If
    End Sub
End Module

' Output:
' The Obsolete attribute is defined for method Method1 of class TestClass.
' The message is: "This method is obsolete. Use Method2() instead."
using namespace System;
using namespace System::Reflection;

namespace IsDef4CS
{
   public ref class TestClass
   {
   public:

      // Assign the Obsolete attribute to a method.

      [Obsolete("This method is obsolete. Use Method2 instead.")]
      void Method1(){}

      void Method2(){}

   };

   ref class DemoClass
   {
   public:
      static void Main()
      {

         // Get the class type to access its metadata.
         Type^ clsType = TestClass::typeid;

         // Get the MethodInfo object for Method1.
         MethodInfo^ mInfo = clsType->GetMethod( "Method1" );

         // See if the Obsolete attribute is defined for this method.
         bool isDef = Attribute::IsDefined( mInfo, ObsoleteAttribute::typeid );

         // Display the result.
         Console::WriteLine( "The Obsolete Attribute {0} defined for {1} of class {2}.", isDef ? (String^)"is" : "is not", mInfo->Name, clsType->Name );

         // If it's defined, display the attribute's message.
         if ( isDef )
         {
            ObsoleteAttribute^ obsAttr = dynamic_cast<ObsoleteAttribute^>(Attribute::GetCustomAttribute( mInfo, ObsoleteAttribute::typeid ));
            if ( obsAttr != nullptr )
                        Console::WriteLine( "The message is: \"{0}\".", obsAttr->Message );
            else
                        Console::WriteLine( "The message could not be retrieved." );
         }
      }

   };

}


/*
 * Output:
 * The Obsolete Attribute is defined for Method1 of class TestClass.
 * The message is: "This method is obsolete. Use Method2 instead.".
 */
.NET Framework
Available since 1.1
Portable Class Library
Supported in: portable .NET platforms
Silverlight
Available since 2.0
Windows Phone Silverlight
Available since 7.0
Return to top