The runtime defines the type system and it is mandatory. The framework is optional, but offers APIs for performing common tasks such as HTTP requests, JSON serialization, browser detection, and so forth. The framework also includes user interface controls and APIs to work with the Silverlight control in the browser, to access the RSS store in Internet Explorer 7, and to access Microsoft Virtual Earth from within the browser.
Blogs of Note
The most important ingredients for a really great technical blog include the following: frequent, knowledgeable, on-topic posts; in-depth examinations of important technologies or concepts; and a unique voice or style. You'll find these ingredients in just the right proportions on Eric Lippert's blog.
Eric is a Senior Software Design Engineer at Microsoft who has worked with both the scripting languages and C# teams. His blog offers many great posts that focus on security, performance, and code quality, along with entries on language semantics and features such as lambda expressions, immutability, and covariance and contravariance. He explores many of these topics in great depth, often spanning several blog posts.
There's a 5-part series on lambda expression versus anonymous methods, an 11-part series on immutability in C#, and a 5-part series on protected member semantics. You will also find posts with Eric's insights and opinions on ways to use (or not to use) various language features. Read his take on arrays in his blog article "Fabulous Adventures In Coding."
While many of the entries on the blog examine complex topics, Eric has a talent for explaining the concepts and theory in straightforward, down-to-earth terms.
Eric Lippert Blogs about Code Security, Performance, and Quality (Click the image for a larger view)
Spell-Check Your Comments, Strings, Markup, and Resource Files
Compilers serve as a spell-checker of sorts. If you transpose two letters in a method name or mistype a variable name, the compiler reports a build error. Fortunately, these errors are easy to identify, as Visual Studio underlines the misspelling with a squiggly line.
However, note that the compiler does not serve as a spell-checker for source code comments; strings in code or in resource files; or HTML, XML, or XAML markup. It is all too easy for a misspelled comment to make its way into the technical documentation, or worse, for a misspelled string to slip past QA and into production.
The good news is that there are tools to spell-check the strings, comments, markup, and other content that is opaque to the compiler. One such tool is IntelliSpell 2.0 by ComponentOne. IntelliSpell works much like the spell-check in Microsoft Office Word. IntelliSpell underlines any misspelled word with a squiggly line. Right-click on the misspelled word to see a list of possible corrections. These misspellings are also enumerated in the Task List window.
You can correct a misspelling from the Task List or jump to the misspelled word by double-clicking it in the Task List. You can run the spell-checker at any time by selecting the menu option from the Tools menu or from the IntelliSpell toolbar. IntelliSpell can also be configured to check your spelling automatically as you type and to run the spell-checker after each build.
By default, IntelliSpell checks the spelling in all code files, Web pages, XML files (including configuration files), resource files, and text files. It ignores words in mixed case, words with numbers, and Internet and file addresses, although these rules and what types of files are spell-checked are configurable. And IntelliSpell offers spelling dictionaries in 16 different languages; these dictionaries can be used alone or in tandem when you are spell-checking localized projects.
IntelliSpell comes in two editions: a free Community Edition and a Professional Edition that costs $79.99. The Community Edition has the core features—Visual Studio integration, underlining misspelled words, spelling suggestions via a context menu, and so on—but lacks some of the features found in the Professional Edition.
With the Community Edition, you can only spell-check a single file at a time. The Professional Edition, however, is able to spell-check an entire Project or Solution. Also, features such as spell-checking as you type, spell-checking localized projects, and the ability to create custom dictionaries are not included in the Community Edition.
Price: Community Edition is free. Professional Edition is $79.99.
IntelliSpell Spell-Checks Strings, Comments, and Markup (Click the image for a larger view)
In all professions and hobbies there are certain areas that everyone, regardless of their experience, should study. Every golfer, despite her skill level, can certainly improve by working on her short game, for instance.
For software developers, you can never be too knowledgeable about the syntax and features of SQL. And while there are plenty of online articles that include SQL tips and tricks, I have found that the best way for me to hone my SQL skills is by methodically working through a book on the subject.
I recently finished the book Pro T-SQL 2008 Programmer's Guide (Apress) by Michael Coles, which provides a thorough review of the T-SQL syntax and language features. The book begins with a look at the new features in T-SQL 2008, such as the MERGE statement and new data types. The author then moves on to the core T-SQL constructs—user-defined functions; stored procedures; triggers; XML, XQuery, and XPath support. He then continues with coverage on encryption, common table expressions and windowing functions, SQL CLR programming, and error handling, among others. Each of these topics is given its own chapter with in-depth discussion and examples. And each chapter concludes with a series of exercises whose answers are provided in the appendix.
I especially enjoyed the chapter on performance tuning. This chapter starts with an overview of how SQL Server arranges your data on disk and how the arrangement affects performance, along with tips for saving disk space and for storing sparse data. Next, Coles discusses the performance benefits of indexes and compares and contrasts clustered, non-clustered, and filtered indexes. The chapter concludes with a discussion on analyzing query plans and tips for optimizing queries.
Pro T-SQL 2008 Programmer's Guide assumes that the reader is already familiar with T-SQL basics—there are no beginner-level discussions on SELECT, INSERT, UPDATE, or DELETE statements. Moreover, this book concentrates on T-SQL and does not explore database administration, although there is a short chapter that outlines tools such as SQL Server Management Studio, SQL Profiler, SQLCMD, and BCP. There is also a chapter that shows two different ways to interface with SQL Server from a Microsoft .NET Framework client application: using the ADO.NET SqlClient provider and LINQ to SQL.
Time spent learning new SQL skills and practicing the old ones is always time well spent. Pro T-SQL 2008 Programmer's Guide, with its straightforward prose, countless samples, and end-of-chapter exercises, is a great way to learn about the latest features in SQL Server 2008 and to bolster your existing SQL skills.