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XmlSerializer.Serialize Method (XmlWriter, Object, XmlSerializerNamespaces, String)

Serializes the specified object and writes the XML document to a file using the specified XmlWriter and references the specified namespaces and encoding style.

Namespace: System.Xml.Serialization
Assembly: System.Xml (in system.xml.dll)

Public Sub Serialize ( _
	xmlWriter As XmlWriter, _
	o As Object, _
	namespaces As XmlSerializerNamespaces, _
	encodingStyle As String _
Dim instance As XmlSerializer
Dim xmlWriter As XmlWriter
Dim o As Object
Dim namespaces As XmlSerializerNamespaces
Dim encodingStyle As String

instance.Serialize(xmlWriter, o, namespaces, encodingStyle)
public void Serialize (
	XmlWriter xmlWriter, 
	Object o, 
	XmlSerializerNamespaces namespaces, 
	String encodingStyle
public function Serialize (
	xmlWriter : XmlWriter, 
	o : Object, 
	namespaces : XmlSerializerNamespaces, 
	encodingStyle : String
Not applicable.



The XmlWriter used to write the XML document.


The object to serialize.


The XmlSerializerNamespaces referenced by the object.


The encoding style of the serialized XML.

Exception typeCondition


An error occurred during serialization. The original exception is available using the InnerException property.

When the Serialize method is invoked, the public fields and read/write properties of an object are converted into XML. Methods, indexers, private fields, and read-only properties are not serialized. To serialize all fields and properties, both public and private, use the BinaryFormatter.

Use the xmlWriter parameter to specify an object that derives from the abstract XmlWriter class, which is designed to write XML documents. The XmlTextWriter derives from the XmlWriter.

Set the encodingStyle parameter to "" for SOAP version 1.1 encoding; otherwise, set it to "" for SOAP version 1.2 encoding.


The XmlSerializer cannot serialize the following: arrays of ArrayList and arrays of List.

Windows 98, Windows Server 2000 SP4, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows Server 2003, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Starter Edition

The Microsoft .NET Framework 3.0 is supported on Windows Vista, Microsoft Windows XP SP2, and Windows Server 2003 SP1.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 3.0, 2.0

.NET Compact Framework

Supported in: 2.0

XNA Framework

Supported in: 1.0