This documentation is archived and is not being maintained.

Static (Visual Basic) 

Specifies that one or more declared local variables are to remain in existence and retain their latest values after termination of the procedure in which they are declared.

Normally, a local variable in a procedure ceases to exist as soon as the procedure terminates. A static variable remains in existence and retains its most recent value. The next time your code calls the procedure, the variable is not reinitialized, and it still holds the latest value you assigned to it. A static variable continues to exist for the lifetime of the class or module in which it is defined.


  • Declaration Context. You can use Static only on local variables. This means the declaration context for a Static variable must be a procedure or a block within a procedure, and it cannot be a source file, namespace, class, structure, or module.

    You cannot use Static inside a structure procedure.

  • Combined Modifiers. You cannot specify Static together with ReadOnly, Shadows, or Shared in the same declaration.


The behavior of any local variable depends on whether it is declared in a Shared procedure. If the procedure is Shared, all its local variables are automatically shared, including the Static variables. There is only one copy of such a variable for the entire application. You call a Shared procedure using the class name, not a variable pointing to an instance of the class.

If the procedure is not Shared, its local variables are instance variables, including the Static variables. There is an independent copy of each variable in each instance of the class. You call a nonshared procedure using a variable pointing to a specific instance of the class. Any variable in that instance is independent of a variable with the same name in another instance. Therefore, they can hold different values.

The following example demonstrates the use of Static.

Function updateSales(ByVal thisSale As Decimal) As Decimal
    Static totalSales As Decimal = 0
    totalSales += thisSale
    Return totalSales
End Function

The Static variable totalSales is initialized to 0 only once. Each time you enter updateSales, totalSales still has the most recent value you calculated for it.

The Static modifier can be used in this context:

Dim Statement (Visual Basic)