Char.IsNumber Method (String, Int32)

Indicates whether the character at the specified position in a specified string is categorized as a number.

Namespace:  System
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

public static bool IsNumber(
	string s,
	int index
)

Parameters

s
Type: System.String
A string.
index
Type: System.Int32
The character position in s.

Return Value

Type: System.Boolean
true if the character at position index in s is a number; otherwise, false.

ExceptionCondition
ArgumentNullException

s is null.

ArgumentOutOfRangeException

index is less than zero or greater than the last position in s.

This method determines if a Char is of any numeric Unicode category. In addition to digits, numbers include characters, fractions, subscripts, superscripts, Roman numerals, currency numerators, and encircled numbers. This method contrasts with the IsDigit method, which determines if a Char is a radix-10 digit.

Character positions in a string are indexed starting from zero.

Valid numbers are members of the UnicodeCategory.DecimalDigitNumber, UnicodeCategory.LetterNumber, or UnicodeCategory.OtherNumber category.

If the Char object at position index is the first character of a valid surrogate pair, the IsNumber method determines whether the surrogate pair forms a numeric digit. For example, the Aegean numbering system consists of code points U+10107 through U+10133. The following example uses the ConvertFromUtf32 method to instantiate a string that represents AEGEAN NUMBER ONE. As the output from the example shows, the IsNumber method returns true if it is passed the high surrogate of AEGEAN NUMBER ONE. However, if it is passed the low surrogate, it considers only the category of the low surrogate and returns false.


string surrogate = "\uD800\uDD07";         // AEGEAN NUMBER ONE
for (int ctr = 0; ctr < surrogate.Length; ctr++)
   outputBlock.Text += String.Format("U+{0:X4} at position {1}: {2}",
                     Convert.ToUInt16(surrogate[ctr]), ctr,
                     Char.IsNumber(surrogate, ctr)) + "\n";
// The example displays the following output:
//       U+D800 at position 0: True
//       U+DD07 at position 1: False


The following example demonstrates IsNumber.


using System;

public class Example
{
   public static void Demo(System.Windows.Controls.TextBlock outputBlock)
   {
      string str = "non-numeric";

      outputBlock.Text += Char.IsNumber('8').ToString() + "\n";		
      outputBlock.Text += Char.IsNumber(str, 3).ToString() + "\n";
   }
}
// This example produces the following output:
//       True  
//       False 


Silverlight

Supported in: 5, 4, 3

Silverlight for Windows Phone

Supported in: Windows Phone OS 7.1, Windows Phone OS 7.0

XNA Framework

Supported in: Xbox 360, Windows Phone OS 7.0

For a list of the operating systems and browsers that are supported by Silverlight, see Supported Operating Systems and Browsers.

Date

History

Reason

Added information about how the method handles surrogate pairs.

Information enhancement.

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