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basic_string::basic_string

 

Constructs a string that is empty, initialized by specific characters, or is a copy of all or part of another string object or C style (null-terminated) string.

basic_string();
explicit basic_string(
    const allocator_type& _Al
);
basic_string(
    const basic_string& _Right
);
basic_string(
    basic_string&& _Right
);
basic_string(
    const basic_string& _Right, 
    size_type _Roff,
    size_type _Count = npos
);
basic_string(
    const basic_string& _Right, 
    size_type _Roff,
    size_type _Count, 
    const allocator_type& _Al
);
basic_string(
    const value_type *_Ptr, 
    size_type _Count
);
basic_string(
    const value_type *_Ptr, 
    size_type _Count,
    const allocator_type& _Al
);
basic_string(
    const value_type *_Ptr
);
basic_string(
    const value_type *_Ptr,
    const allocator_type& _Al
);
basic_string(
    size_type _Count, 
    value_type _Ch
);
basic_string(
    size_type _Count, 
    value_type _Ch,
    const allocator_type& _Al
);
template <class InputIterator>
    basic_string(
        InputIterator _First, 
        InputIterator _Last
    );
template <class InputIterator>
    basic_string(
        InputIterator _First, 
        InputIterator _Last, 
        const allocator_type& _Al
    );
basic_string(
   const_pointer _First,
   const_pointer _Last
);
basic_string(
   const_iterator _First,
   const_iterator _Last
);

_Ptr

The C-string whose characters are to be used to initialize the string being constructed. This value cannot be a null pointer.

_Al

The storage allocator class for the string object being constructed.

_Count

The number of characters to be initialized.

_Right

The string to initialize the string being constructed.

_Roff

The index of a character in a string that is the first to be used to initialize character values for the string being constructed.

_Ch

The character value to be copied into the string being constructed.

_First

An input iterator, const_pointer, or const_iterator addressing the first element in the source range to be inserted.

_Last

An input iterator, const_pointer, or const_iterator addressing the position of the one beyond the last element in the source range to be inserted.

A reference to the string object that is being constructed by the constructors.

All constructors store an basic_string::allocator_type and initialize the controlled sequence. The allocator object is the argument al, if present. For the copy constructor, it is right.basic_string::get_allocator(). Otherwise, it is Alloc().

The controlled sequence is initialized to a copy of the operand sequence specified by the remaining operands. A constructor without an operand sequence specifies an empty initial controlled sequence. If InputIterator is an integer type in a template constructor, the operand sequence _First, _Last behaves the same as (size_type)_First, (value_type)_Last.

Example

// basic_string_ctor.cpp
// compile with: /EHsc
#include <string>
#include <iostream>

int main( )
{
   using namespace std;

   // The first member function initializing with a C-string
   const char *cstr1a = "Hello Out There.";
   basic_string <char> str1a ( cstr1a , 5);
   cout << "The string initialized by C-string cstr1a is: "
        << str1a << "." << endl;

   // The second member function initializing with a string
   string  str2a ( "How Do You Do?" );
   basic_string <char> str2b ( str2a , 7 , 7 );
   cout << "The string initialized by part of the string cstr2a is: "
        << str2b << "." << endl;

   // The third member function initializing a string
   // with a number of characters of a specific value
   basic_string <char> str3a ( 5, '9' );
   cout << "The string initialized by five number 9s is: "
        << str3a << endl;

   // The fourth member function creates an empty string
   // and string with a specified allocator
   basic_string <char> str4a;
   string str4b;
   basic_string <char> str4c ( str4b.get_allocator( ) );
   if (str4c.empty ( ) )
      cout << "The string str4c is empty." << endl;
   else
      cout << "The string str4c is not empty." << endl;

   // The fifth member function initializes a string from
   // another range of characters
   string str5a ( "Hello World" );
   basic_string <char> str5b ( str5a.begin ( ) + 5 , str5a.end ( ) );
   cout << "The string initialized by another range is: "
        << str5b << "." << endl;
}

The string initialized by C-string cstr1a is: Hello.
The string initialized by part of the string cstr2a is: You Do?.
The string initialized by five number 9s is: 99999
The string str4c is empty.
The string initialized by another range is:  World.

Requirements

Header: <string>

Namespace: std

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