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Control.PerformLayout Method (Control, String)

Forces the control to apply layout logic to all its child controls.

Namespace:  System.Windows.Forms
Assembly:  System.Windows.Forms (in System.Windows.Forms.dll)

public void PerformLayout(
	Control affectedControl,
	string affectedProperty


Type: System.Windows.Forms.Control
A Control that represents the most recently changed control.
Type: System.String
The name of the most recently changed property on the control.

If the SuspendLayout method was called before calling the PerformLayout method, the Layout event is suppressed.

The affectedControl and affectedProperty parameters can both be set to null. Doing so causes the AffectedControl and AffectedProperty properties of the LayoutEventArgs created to be set to null.

The following code example demonstrates how to use the PerformLayout method. It also demonstrates ways in which the Layout event is raised. In this example, the Click event handler for Button1 explicitly calls PerformLayout. The Click event handler for Button2 implicitly calls PerformLayout. PerformLayout is also called when the form is loaded. Button3 returns the control to the state it was in when loaded. In each case, the Layout event is raised.

This is a complete example. To run the example, paste the following code in a blank form.

using System.Windows.Forms;
using System.Drawing;

public class LayoutForm:

	public LayoutForm() : base()

	internal System.Windows.Forms.Button Button1;
	internal System.Windows.Forms.Button Button2;
	internal LayoutControl LayoutControl1;
	internal System.Windows.Forms.Button Button3;

	private void InitializeComponent()
		this.Button1 = new System.Windows.Forms.Button();
		this.Button2 = new System.Windows.Forms.Button();
		this.Button3 = new System.Windows.Forms.Button();
		this.LayoutControl1 = new LayoutControl();
		this.Button1.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(16, 16);
		this.Button1.Name = "Button1";
		this.Button1.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(120, 32);
		this.Button1.TabIndex = 0;
		this.Button1.Text = "Center textbox on control";
		this.Button2.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(152, 16);
		this.Button2.Name = "Button2";
		this.Button2.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(104, 32);
		this.Button2.TabIndex = 3;
		this.Button2.Text = "Shrink user control";
		this.Button3.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(96, 232);
		this.Button3.Name = "Button3";
		this.Button3.TabIndex = 5;
		this.Button3.Text = "Reset";
		this.LayoutControl1.BackColor = System.Drawing.SystemColors.ControlDark;
		this.LayoutControl1.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(72, 64);
		this.LayoutControl1.Name = "LayoutControl1";
		this.LayoutControl1.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(150, 160);
		this.LayoutControl1.TabIndex = 6;
		this.ClientSize = new System.Drawing.Size(292, 266);
		this.Name = "Form1";
		this.Text = "Form1";
		this.Button1.Click += new System.EventHandler(Button1_Click);
		this.Button2.Click += new System.EventHandler(Button2_Click);
		this.Button3.Click += new System.EventHandler(Button3_Click);


	public static void Main()
		Application.Run(new LayoutForm());

	// This method explicitly calls raises the layout event on 
	// LayoutControl1, changing the Bounds property.
	private void Button1_Click(System.Object sender, System.EventArgs e)
		LayoutControl1.PerformLayout(LayoutControl1, "Bounds");

	// This resize of LayoutControl1 implicitly triggers the layout event. 
	//  Changing the size of the control affects its Bounds property.
	private void Button2_Click(System.Object sender, System.EventArgs e)
		LayoutControl1.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(100, 100);

	// This method explicitly calls PerformLayout with no parameters, 
	// which raises the Layout event with the LayoutEventArgs properties
	// equal to Nothing.
	private void Button3_Click(System.Object sender, System.EventArgs e)


// This custom control has the Layout event implented so that when 
// PerformLayout(AffectedControl, AffectedProperty) is called 
// on the control, where AffectedProperty equals "Bounds" the 
// textbox is centered on the control.
public class LayoutControl:
	internal System.Windows.Forms.TextBox TextBox1;

	public LayoutControl() : base()

	private void InitializeComponent()
		this.TextBox1 = new System.Windows.Forms.TextBox();
		this.TextBox1.BorderStyle = System.Windows.Forms.BorderStyle.FixedSingle;
		this.TextBox1.Name = "TextBox1";
		this.TextBox1.TabIndex = 0;
		this.BackColor = System.Drawing.SystemColors.ControlDark;
		this.Name = "LayoutControl";
		this.Layout += new LayoutEventHandler(LayoutControl_Layout);


	// This method is called when the Layout event is fired. 
	// This happens by during the initial load, by calling PerformLayout
	// or by resizing, adding or removing controls or other actions that 
	// affect how the control is laid out. This method checks the 
	// value of e.AffectedProperty and changes the look of the 
	// control accordingly. 
	private void LayoutControl_Layout(object sender, 
		System.Windows.Forms.LayoutEventArgs e)
		if (e.AffectedProperty != null)
			if (e.AffectedProperty.Equals("Bounds"))
				TextBox1.Left = (this.Width-TextBox1.Width)/2;
				TextBox1.Top = (this.Height-TextBox1.Height)/2;
			this.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(150, 160);
			TextBox1.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(16, 24);
		TextBox1.Text = "Left = "+TextBox1.Left+" Top = "+TextBox1.Top;


.NET Framework

Supported in: 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Windows 7, Windows Vista SP1 or later, Windows XP SP3, Windows XP SP2 x64 Edition, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core supported with SP1 or later), Windows Server 2003 SP2

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.