Convert.ToDateTime Method (String)

 
System_CAPS_noteNote

The .NET API Reference documentation has a new home. Visit the .NET API Browser on docs.microsoft.com to see the new experience.

Converts the specified string representation of a date and time to an equivalent date and time value.

Namespace:   System
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

Public Shared Function ToDateTime (
	value As String
) As Date

Parameters

value
Type: System.String

The string representation of a date and time.

Return Value

Type: System.DateTime

The date and time equivalent of the value of value, or the date and time equivalent of DateTime.MinValue if value is null.

Exception Condition
FormatException

value is not a properly formatted date and time string.

If value is not null, the return value is the result of invoking the DateTime.Parse method on value using the formatting information in a DateTimeFormatInfo object that is initialized for the current culture. The value argument must contain the representation of a date and time in one of the formats described in the DateTimeFormatInfo topic. If value is null, the method returns DateTime.MinValue.

This method tries to parse value completely and avoid throwing a FormatException. It completes missing month, day, and year information with the current date. If value contains only a date and no time, this method assumes a time of midnight. Any leading, inner, or trailing white-space characters in value are ignored.

If you prefer not to handle an exception if the conversion fails, you can call the DateTime.TryParsemethod instead. It returns a Boolean value that indicates whether the conversion succeeded or failed.

The following example uses the ToDateTime method to convert various string representations of dates and times to DateTime values.

Module ConversionToDateTime
   Public Sub Main()
      Dim dateString As String = Nothing

      ' Convert a null string.
      ConvertToDateTime(dateString)

      ' Convert an empty string.
      dateString = String.Empty
      ConvertToDateTime(dateString)

      ' Convert a non-date string.
      dateString = "not a date"
      ConvertToDateTime(dateString)

      ' Try to convert various date strings.
      dateString = "05/01/1996"
      ConvertToDateTime(dateString)
      dateString = "Tue Apr 28, 2009"
      ConvertToDateTime(dateString)
      dateString = "Wed Apr 28, 2009"
      ConvertToDateTime(dateString)
      dateString = "06 July 2008 7:32:47 AM"
      ConvertToDateTime(dateString)
      dateString = "17:32:47.003"
      ConvertToDateTime(dateString)
      ' Convert a string returned by DateTime.ToString("R").
      dateString = "Sat, 10 May 2008 14:32:17 GMT"
      ConvertToDateTime(dateString)
      ' Convert a string returned by DateTime.ToString("o")
      dateString = "2009-05-01T07:54:59.9843750-04:00"
      ConvertToDateTime(dateString)
   End Sub

   Private Sub ConvertToDateTime(value As String)
      Dim convertedDate As Date
      Try
         convertedDate = Convert.ToDateTime(value)
         Console.WriteLine("'{0}' converts to {1}.", value, convertedDate)
      Catch e As FormatException
         Console.WriteLine("'{0}' is not in the proper format.", value)
      End Try
   End Sub
End Module
' The example displays the following output:
'    '' converts to 1/1/0001 12:00:00 AM.
'    '' is not in the proper format.
'    'not a date' is not in the proper format.
'    '05/01/1996' converts to 5/1/1996 12:00:00 AM.
'    'Tue Apr 28, 2009' converts to 4/28/2009 12:00:00 AM.
'    'Wed Apr 28, 2009' is not in the proper format.
'    '06 July 2008 7:32:47 AM' converts to 7/6/2008 7:32:47 AM.
'    '17:32:47.003' converts to 5/30/2008 5:32:47 PM.
'    'Sat, 10 May 2008 14:32:17 GMT' converts to 5/10/2008 7:32:17 AM.
'    '2009-05-01T07:54:59.9843750-04:00' converts to 5/1/2009 4:54:59 AM.

Universal Windows Platform
Available since 8
.NET Framework
Available since 1.1
Portable Class Library
Supported in: portable .NET platforms
Silverlight
Available since 2.0
Windows Phone Silverlight
Available since 7.0
Windows Phone
Available since 8.1
Return to top
Show: