Dictionary(TKey, TValue) Class
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Dictionary<TKey, TValue> Class

 

Represents a collection of keys and values.

To browse the .NET Framework source code for this type, see the Reference Source.

Namespace:   System.Collections.Generic
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

System.Object
  System.Collections.Generic.Dictionary<TKey, TValue>
    System.ServiceModel.MessageQuerySet

[SerializableAttribute]
[ComVisibleAttribute(false)]
public class Dictionary<TKey, TValue> : IDictionary<TKey, TValue>, 
	ICollection<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>>, IEnumerable<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>>, 
	IEnumerable, IDictionary, ICollection, IReadOnlyDictionary<TKey, TValue>, 
	IReadOnlyCollection<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>>, ISerializable, 
	IDeserializationCallback

Type Parameters

TKey

The type of the keys in the dictionary.

TValue

The type of the values in the dictionary.

NameDescription
System_CAPS_pubmethodDictionary<TKey, TValue>()

Initializes a new instance of the Dictionary<TKey, TValue> class that is empty, has the default initial capacity, and uses the default equality comparer for the key type.

System_CAPS_pubmethodDictionary<TKey, TValue>(IDictionary<TKey, TValue>)

Initializes a new instance of the Dictionary<TKey, TValue> class that contains elements copied from the specified IDictionary<TKey, TValue> and uses the default equality comparer for the key type.

System_CAPS_pubmethodDictionary<TKey, TValue>(IDictionary<TKey, TValue>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>)

Initializes a new instance of the Dictionary<TKey, TValue> class that contains elements copied from the specified IDictionary<TKey, TValue> and uses the specified IEqualityComparer<T>.

System_CAPS_pubmethodDictionary<TKey, TValue>(IEqualityComparer<TKey>)

Initializes a new instance of the Dictionary<TKey, TValue> class that is empty, has the default initial capacity, and uses the specified IEqualityComparer<T>.

System_CAPS_pubmethodDictionary<TKey, TValue>(Int32)

Initializes a new instance of the Dictionary<TKey, TValue> class that is empty, has the specified initial capacity, and uses the default equality comparer for the key type.

System_CAPS_pubmethodDictionary<TKey, TValue>(Int32, IEqualityComparer<TKey>)

Initializes a new instance of the Dictionary<TKey, TValue> class that is empty, has the specified initial capacity, and uses the specified IEqualityComparer<T>.

System_CAPS_protmethodDictionary<TKey, TValue>(SerializationInfo, StreamingContext)

Initializes a new instance of the Dictionary<TKey, TValue> class with serialized data.

NameDescription
System_CAPS_pubpropertyComparer

Gets the IEqualityComparer<T> that is used to determine equality of keys for the dictionary.

System_CAPS_pubpropertyCount

Gets the number of key/value pairs contained in the Dictionary<TKey, TValue>.

System_CAPS_pubpropertyItem[TKey]

Gets or sets the value associated with the specified key.

System_CAPS_pubpropertyKeys

Gets a collection containing the keys in the Dictionary<TKey, TValue>.

System_CAPS_pubpropertyValues

Gets a collection containing the values in the Dictionary<TKey, TValue>.

NameDescription
System_CAPS_pubmethodAdd(TKey, TValue)

Adds the specified key and value to the dictionary.

System_CAPS_pubmethodClear()

Removes all keys and values from the Dictionary<TKey, TValue>.

System_CAPS_pubmethodContainsKey(TKey)

Determines whether the Dictionary<TKey, TValue> contains the specified key.

System_CAPS_pubmethodContainsValue(TValue)

Determines whether the Dictionary<TKey, TValue> contains a specific value.

System_CAPS_pubmethodEquals(Object)

Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object.(Inherited from Object.)

System_CAPS_protmethodFinalize()

Allows an object to try to free resources and perform other cleanup operations before it is reclaimed by garbage collection.(Inherited from Object.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodGetEnumerator()

Returns an enumerator that iterates through the Dictionary<TKey, TValue>.

System_CAPS_pubmethodGetHashCode()

Serves as the default hash function. (Inherited from Object.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodGetObjectData(SerializationInfo, StreamingContext)

Implements the System.Runtime.Serialization.ISerializable interface and returns the data needed to serialize the Dictionary<TKey, TValue> instance.

System_CAPS_pubmethodGetType()

Gets the Type of the current instance.(Inherited from Object.)

System_CAPS_protmethodMemberwiseClone()

Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.(Inherited from Object.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodOnDeserialization(Object)

Implements the System.Runtime.Serialization.ISerializable interface and raises the deserialization event when the deserialization is complete.

System_CAPS_pubmethodRemove(TKey)

Removes the value with the specified key from the Dictionary<TKey, TValue>.

System_CAPS_pubmethodToString()

Returns a string that represents the current object.(Inherited from Object.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodTryGetValue(TKey, TValue)

Gets the value associated with the specified key.

NameDescription
System_CAPS_pubinterfaceSystem_CAPS_privmethodICollection<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>>.Add(KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>)

Adds the specified value to the ICollection<T> with the specified key.

System_CAPS_pubinterfaceSystem_CAPS_privmethodICollection<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>>.Contains(KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>)

Determines whether the ICollection<T> contains a specific key and value.

System_CAPS_pubinterfaceSystem_CAPS_privmethodICollection<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>>.CopyTo(KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>[], Int32)

Copies the elements of the ICollection<T> to an array of type KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, starting at the specified array index.

System_CAPS_pubinterfaceSystem_CAPS_privmethodICollection<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>>.Remove(KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>)

Removes a key and value from the dictionary.

System_CAPS_pubinterfaceSystem_CAPS_privmethodIEnumerable<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>>.GetEnumerator()

Returns an enumerator that iterates through the collection.

System_CAPS_pubinterfaceSystem_CAPS_privmethodICollection.CopyTo(Array, Int32)

Copies the elements of the ICollection<T> to an array, starting at the specified array index.

System_CAPS_pubinterfaceSystem_CAPS_privmethodIDictionary.Add(Object, Object)

Adds the specified key and value to the dictionary.

System_CAPS_pubinterfaceSystem_CAPS_privmethodIDictionary.Contains(Object)

Determines whether the IDictionary contains an element with the specified key.

System_CAPS_pubinterfaceSystem_CAPS_privmethodIDictionary.GetEnumerator()
System_CAPS_pubinterfaceSystem_CAPS_privmethodIDictionary.Remove(Object)

Removes the element with the specified key from the IDictionary.

System_CAPS_pubinterfaceSystem_CAPS_privmethodIEnumerable.GetEnumerator()

Returns an enumerator that iterates through the collection.

System_CAPS_pubinterfaceSystem_CAPS_privpropertyICollection<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>>.IsReadOnly

Gets a value indicating whether the dictionary is read-only.

System_CAPS_pubinterfaceSystem_CAPS_privpropertyIDictionary<TKey, TValue>.Keys

Gets an ICollection<T> containing the keys of the IDictionary<TKey, TValue>.

System_CAPS_pubinterfaceSystem_CAPS_privpropertyIDictionary<TKey, TValue>.Values

Gets an ICollection<T> containing the values in the IDictionary<TKey, TValue>.

System_CAPS_pubinterfaceSystem_CAPS_privpropertyIReadOnlyDictionary<TKey, TValue>.Keys

Gets a collection containing the keys of the IReadOnlyDictionary<TKey, TValue>.

System_CAPS_pubinterfaceSystem_CAPS_privpropertyIReadOnlyDictionary<TKey, TValue>.Values

Gets a collection containing the values of the IReadOnlyDictionary<TKey, TValue>.

System_CAPS_pubinterfaceSystem_CAPS_privpropertyICollection.IsSynchronized

Gets a value indicating whether access to the ICollection is synchronized (thread safe).

System_CAPS_pubinterfaceSystem_CAPS_privpropertyICollection.SyncRoot

Gets an object that can be used to synchronize access to the ICollection.

System_CAPS_pubinterfaceSystem_CAPS_privpropertyIDictionary.IsFixedSize

Gets a value indicating whether the IDictionary has a fixed size.

System_CAPS_pubinterfaceSystem_CAPS_privpropertyIDictionary.IsReadOnly

Gets a value indicating whether the IDictionary is read-only.

System_CAPS_pubinterfaceSystem_CAPS_privpropertyIDictionary.Item[Object]

Gets or sets the value with the specified key.

System_CAPS_pubinterfaceSystem_CAPS_privpropertyIDictionary.Keys

Gets an ICollection containing the keys of the IDictionary.

System_CAPS_pubinterfaceSystem_CAPS_privpropertyIDictionary.Values

Gets an ICollection containing the values in the IDictionary.

NameDescription
System_CAPS_pubmethodAggregate<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>>(Func<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>>)

Overloaded. Applies an accumulator function over a sequence.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodAggregate<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, TAccumulate>(TAccumulate, Func<TAccumulate, KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, TAccumulate>)

Overloaded. Applies an accumulator function over a sequence. The specified seed value is used as the initial accumulator value.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodAggregate<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, TAccumulate, TResult>(TAccumulate, Func<TAccumulate, KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, TAccumulate>, Func<TAccumulate, TResult>)

Overloaded. Applies an accumulator function over a sequence. The specified seed value is used as the initial accumulator value, and the specified function is used to select the result value.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodAll<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>>(Func<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, Boolean>)

Determines whether all elements of a sequence satisfy a condition.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodAny<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>>()

Overloaded. Determines whether a sequence contains any elements.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodAny<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>>(Func<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, Boolean>)

Overloaded. Determines whether any element of a sequence satisfies a condition.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodAsEnumerable<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>>()

Returns the input typed as IEnumerable<T>.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodAsParallel()

Overloaded. Enables parallelization of a query.(Defined by ParallelEnumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodAsParallel<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>>()

Overloaded. Enables parallelization of a query.(Defined by ParallelEnumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodAsQueryable()

Overloaded. Converts an IEnumerable to an IQueryable.(Defined by Queryable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodAsQueryable<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>>()

Overloaded. Converts a generic IEnumerable<T> to a generic IQueryable<T>.(Defined by Queryable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodAverage<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>>(Func<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, Decimal>)

Overloaded. Computes the average of a sequence of Decimal values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodAverage<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>>(Func<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, Double>)

Overloaded. Computes the average of a sequence of Double values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodAverage<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>>(Func<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, Int32>)

Overloaded. Computes the average of a sequence of Int32 values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodAverage<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>>(Func<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, Int64>)

Overloaded. Computes the average of a sequence of Int64 values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodAverage<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>>(Func<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, Nullable<Decimal>>)

Overloaded. Computes the average of a sequence of nullable Decimal values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodAverage<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>>(Func<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, Nullable<Double>>)

Overloaded. Computes the average of a sequence of nullable Double values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodAverage<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>>(Func<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, Nullable<Int32>>)

Overloaded. Computes the average of a sequence of nullable Int32 values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodAverage<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>>(Func<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, Nullable<Int64>>)

Overloaded. Computes the average of a sequence of nullable Int64 values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodAverage<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>>(Func<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, Nullable<Single>>)

Overloaded. Computes the average of a sequence of nullable Single values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodAverage<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>>(Func<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, Single>)

Overloaded. Computes the average of a sequence of Single values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodCast<TResult>()

Casts the elements of an IEnumerable to the specified type.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodConcat<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>>(IEnumerable<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>>)

Concatenates two sequences.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodContains<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>>(KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>)

Overloaded. Determines whether a sequence contains a specified element by using the default equality comparer.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodContains<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>>(KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, IEqualityComparer<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>>)

Overloaded. Determines whether a sequence contains a specified element by using a specified IEqualityComparer<T>.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodCount<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>>()

Overloaded. Returns the number of elements in a sequence.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodCount<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>>(Func<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, Boolean>)

Overloaded. Returns a number that represents how many elements in the specified sequence satisfy a condition.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodDefaultIfEmpty<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>>()

Overloaded. Returns the elements of the specified sequence or the type parameter's default value in a singleton collection if the sequence is empty.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodDefaultIfEmpty<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>>(KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>)

Overloaded. Returns the elements of the specified sequence or the specified value in a singleton collection if the sequence is empty.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodDistinct<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>>()

Overloaded. Returns distinct elements from a sequence by using the default equality comparer to compare values.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodDistinct<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>>(IEqualityComparer<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>>)

Overloaded. Returns distinct elements from a sequence by using a specified IEqualityComparer<T> to compare values.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodElementAt<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>>(Int32)

Returns the element at a specified index in a sequence.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodElementAtOrDefault<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>>(Int32)

Returns the element at a specified index in a sequence or a default value if the index is out of range.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodExcept<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>>(IEnumerable<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>>)

Overloaded. Produces the set difference of two sequences by using the default equality comparer to compare values.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodExcept<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>>(IEnumerable<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>>, IEqualityComparer<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>>)

Overloaded. Produces the set difference of two sequences by using the specified IEqualityComparer<T> to compare values.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodFirst<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>>()

Overloaded. Returns the first element of a sequence.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodFirst<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>>(Func<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, Boolean>)

Overloaded. Returns the first element in a sequence that satisfies a specified condition.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodFirstOrDefault<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>>()

Overloaded. Returns the first element of a sequence, or a default value if the sequence contains no elements.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodFirstOrDefault<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>>(Func<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, Boolean>)

Overloaded. Returns the first element of the sequence that satisfies a condition or a default value if no such element is found.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodGroupBy<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, TKey>(Func<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, TKey>)

Overloaded. Groups the elements of a sequence according to a specified key selector function.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodGroupBy<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, TKey>(Func<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, TKey>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>)

Overloaded. Groups the elements of a sequence according to a specified key selector function and compares the keys by using a specified comparer.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodGroupBy<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, TKey, TElement>(Func<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, TKey>, Func<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, TElement>)

Overloaded. Groups the elements of a sequence according to a specified key selector function and projects the elements for each group by using a specified function.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodGroupBy<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, TKey, TElement>(Func<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, TKey>, Func<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, TElement>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>)

Overloaded. Groups the elements of a sequence according to a key selector function. The keys are compared by using a comparer and each group's elements are projected by using a specified function.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodGroupBy<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, TKey, TResult>(Func<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, TKey>, Func<TKey, IEnumerable<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>>, TResult>)

Overloaded. Groups the elements of a sequence according to a specified key selector function and creates a result value from each group and its key.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodGroupBy<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, TKey, TResult>(Func<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, TKey>, Func<TKey, IEnumerable<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>>, TResult>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>)

Overloaded. Groups the elements of a sequence according to a specified key selector function and creates a result value from each group and its key. The keys are compared by using a specified comparer.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodGroupBy<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, TKey, TElement, TResult>(Func<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, TKey>, Func<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, TElement>, Func<TKey, IEnumerable<TElement>, TResult>)

Overloaded. Groups the elements of a sequence according to a specified key selector function and creates a result value from each group and its key. The elements of each group are projected by using a specified function.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodGroupBy<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, TKey, TElement, TResult>(Func<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, TKey>, Func<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, TElement>, Func<TKey, IEnumerable<TElement>, TResult>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>)

Overloaded. Groups the elements of a sequence according to a specified key selector function and creates a result value from each group and its key. Key values are compared by using a specified comparer, and the elements of each group are projected by using a specified function.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodGroupJoin<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, TInner, TKey, TResult>(IEnumerable<TInner>, Func<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, TKey>, Func<TInner, TKey>, Func<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, IEnumerable<TInner>, TResult>)

Overloaded. Correlates the elements of two sequences based on equality of keys and groups the results. The default equality comparer is used to compare keys.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodGroupJoin<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, TInner, TKey, TResult>(IEnumerable<TInner>, Func<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, TKey>, Func<TInner, TKey>, Func<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, IEnumerable<TInner>, TResult>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>)

Overloaded. Correlates the elements of two sequences based on key equality and groups the results. A specified IEqualityComparer<T> is used to compare keys.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodIntersect<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>>(IEnumerable<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>>)

Overloaded. Produces the set intersection of two sequences by using the default equality comparer to compare values.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodIntersect<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>>(IEnumerable<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>>, IEqualityComparer<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>>)

Overloaded. Produces the set intersection of two sequences by using the specified IEqualityComparer<T> to compare values.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodJoin<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, TInner, TKey, TResult>(IEnumerable<TInner>, Func<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, TKey>, Func<TInner, TKey>, Func<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, TInner, TResult>)

Overloaded. Correlates the elements of two sequences based on matching keys. The default equality comparer is used to compare keys.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodJoin<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, TInner, TKey, TResult>(IEnumerable<TInner>, Func<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, TKey>, Func<TInner, TKey>, Func<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, TInner, TResult>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>)

Overloaded. Correlates the elements of two sequences based on matching keys. A specified IEqualityComparer<T> is used to compare keys.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodLast<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>>()

Overloaded. Returns the last element of a sequence.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodLast<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>>(Func<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, Boolean>)

Overloaded. Returns the last element of a sequence that satisfies a specified condition.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodLastOrDefault<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>>()

Overloaded. Returns the last element of a sequence, or a default value if the sequence contains no elements.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodLastOrDefault<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>>(Func<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, Boolean>)

Overloaded. Returns the last element of a sequence that satisfies a condition or a default value if no such element is found.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodLongCount<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>>()

Overloaded. Returns an Int64 that represents the total number of elements in a sequence.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodLongCount<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>>(Func<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, Boolean>)

Overloaded. Returns an Int64 that represents how many elements in a sequence satisfy a condition.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodMax<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>>()

Overloaded. Returns the maximum value in a generic sequence.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodMax<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>>(Func<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, Decimal>)

Overloaded. Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the maximum Decimal value.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodMax<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>>(Func<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, Double>)

Overloaded. Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the maximum Double value.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodMax<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>>(Func<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, Int32>)

Overloaded. Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the maximum Int32 value.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodMax<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>>(Func<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, Int64>)

Overloaded. Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the maximum Int64 value.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodMax<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>>(Func<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, Nullable<Decimal>>)

Overloaded. Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the maximum nullable Decimal value.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodMax<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>>(Func<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, Nullable<Double>>)

Overloaded. Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the maximum nullable Double value.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodMax<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>>(Func<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, Nullable<Int32>>)

Overloaded. Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the maximum nullable Int32 value.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodMax<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>>(Func<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, Nullable<Int64>>)

Overloaded. Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the maximum nullable Int64 value.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodMax<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>>(Func<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, Nullable<Single>>)

Overloaded. Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the maximum nullable Single value.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodMax<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>>(Func<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, Single>)

Overloaded. Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the maximum Single value.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodMax<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, TResult>(Func<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, TResult>)

Overloaded. Invokes a transform function on each element of a generic sequence and returns the maximum resulting value.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodMin<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>>()

Overloaded. Returns the minimum value in a generic sequence.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodMin<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>>(Func<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, Decimal>)

Overloaded. Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the minimum Decimal value.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodMin<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>>(Func<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, Double>)

Overloaded. Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the minimum Double value.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodMin<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>>(Func<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, Int32>)

Overloaded. Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the minimum Int32 value.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodMin<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>>(Func<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, Int64>)

Overloaded. Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the minimum Int64 value.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodMin<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>>(Func<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, Nullable<Decimal>>)

Overloaded. Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the minimum nullable Decimal value.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodMin<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>>(Func<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, Nullable<Double>>)

Overloaded. Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the minimum nullable Double value.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodMin<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>>(Func<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, Nullable<Int32>>)

Overloaded. Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the minimum nullable Int32 value.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodMin<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>>(Func<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, Nullable<Int64>>)

Overloaded. Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the minimum nullable Int64 value.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodMin<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>>(Func<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, Nullable<Single>>)

Overloaded. Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the minimum nullable Single value.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodMin<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>>(Func<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, Single>)

Overloaded. Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the minimum Single value.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodMin<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, TResult>(Func<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, TResult>)

Overloaded. Invokes a transform function on each element of a generic sequence and returns the minimum resulting value.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodOfType<TResult>()

Filters the elements of an IEnumerable based on a specified type.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodOrderBy<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, TKey>(Func<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, TKey>)

Overloaded. Sorts the elements of a sequence in ascending order according to a key.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodOrderBy<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, TKey>(Func<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, TKey>, IComparer<TKey>)

Overloaded. Sorts the elements of a sequence in ascending order by using a specified comparer.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodOrderByDescending<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, TKey>(Func<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, TKey>)

Overloaded. Sorts the elements of a sequence in descending order according to a key.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodOrderByDescending<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, TKey>(Func<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, TKey>, IComparer<TKey>)

Overloaded. Sorts the elements of a sequence in descending order by using a specified comparer.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodReverse<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>>()

Inverts the order of the elements in a sequence.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodSelect<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, TResult>(Func<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, TResult>)

Overloaded. Projects each element of a sequence into a new form.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodSelect<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, TResult>(Func<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, Int32, TResult>)

Overloaded. Projects each element of a sequence into a new form by incorporating the element's index.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodSelectMany<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, TResult>(Func<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, IEnumerable<TResult>>)

Overloaded. Projects each element of a sequence to an IEnumerable<T> and flattens the resulting sequences into one sequence.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodSelectMany<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, TResult>(Func<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, Int32, IEnumerable<TResult>>)

Overloaded. Projects each element of a sequence to an IEnumerable<T>, and flattens the resulting sequences into one sequence. The index of each source element is used in the projected form of that element.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodSelectMany<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, TCollection, TResult>(Func<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, IEnumerable<TCollection>>, Func<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, TCollection, TResult>)

Overloaded. Projects each element of a sequence to an IEnumerable<T>, flattens the resulting sequences into one sequence, and invokes a result selector function on each element therein.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodSelectMany<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, TCollection, TResult>(Func<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, Int32, IEnumerable<TCollection>>, Func<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, TCollection, TResult>)

Overloaded. Projects each element of a sequence to an IEnumerable<T>, flattens the resulting sequences into one sequence, and invokes a result selector function on each element therein. The index of each source element is used in the intermediate projected form of that element.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodSequenceEqual<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>>(IEnumerable<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>>)

Overloaded. Determines whether two sequences are equal by comparing the elements by using the default equality comparer for their type.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodSequenceEqual<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>>(IEnumerable<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>>, IEqualityComparer<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>>)

Overloaded. Determines whether two sequences are equal by comparing their elements by using a specified IEqualityComparer<T>.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodSingle<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>>()

Overloaded. Returns the only element of a sequence, and throws an exception if there is not exactly one element in the sequence.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodSingle<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>>(Func<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, Boolean>)

Overloaded. Returns the only element of a sequence that satisfies a specified condition, and throws an exception if more than one such element exists.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodSingleOrDefault<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>>()

Overloaded. Returns the only element of a sequence, or a default value if the sequence is empty; this method throws an exception if there is more than one element in the sequence.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodSingleOrDefault<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>>(Func<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, Boolean>)

Overloaded. Returns the only element of a sequence that satisfies a specified condition or a default value if no such element exists; this method throws an exception if more than one element satisfies the condition.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodSkip<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>>(Int32)

Bypasses a specified number of elements in a sequence and then returns the remaining elements.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodSkipWhile<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>>(Func<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, Boolean>)

Overloaded. Bypasses elements in a sequence as long as a specified condition is true and then returns the remaining elements.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodSkipWhile<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>>(Func<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, Int32, Boolean>)

Overloaded. Bypasses elements in a sequence as long as a specified condition is true and then returns the remaining elements. The element's index is used in the logic of the predicate function.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodSum<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>>(Func<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, Decimal>)

Overloaded. Computes the sum of the sequence of Decimal values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodSum<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>>(Func<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, Double>)

Overloaded. Computes the sum of the sequence of Double values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodSum<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>>(Func<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, Int32>)

Overloaded. Computes the sum of the sequence of Int32 values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodSum<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>>(Func<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, Int64>)

Overloaded. Computes the sum of the sequence of Int64 values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodSum<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>>(Func<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, Nullable<Decimal>>)

Overloaded. Computes the sum of the sequence of nullable Decimal values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodSum<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>>(Func<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, Nullable<Double>>)

Overloaded. Computes the sum of the sequence of nullable Double values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodSum<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>>(Func<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, Nullable<Int32>>)

Overloaded. Computes the sum of the sequence of nullable Int32 values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodSum<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>>(Func<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, Nullable<Int64>>)

Overloaded. Computes the sum of the sequence of nullable Int64 values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodSum<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>>(Func<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, Nullable<Single>>)

Overloaded. Computes the sum of the sequence of nullable Single values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodSum<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>>(Func<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, Single>)

Overloaded. Computes the sum of the sequence of Single values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodTake<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>>(Int32)

Returns a specified number of contiguous elements from the start of a sequence.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodTakeWhile<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>>(Func<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, Boolean>)

Overloaded. Returns elements from a sequence as long as a specified condition is true.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodTakeWhile<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>>(Func<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, Int32, Boolean>)

Overloaded. Returns elements from a sequence as long as a specified condition is true. The element's index is used in the logic of the predicate function.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodToArray<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>>()

Creates an array from a IEnumerable<T>.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodToDictionary<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, TKey>(Func<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, TKey>)

Overloaded. Creates a Dictionary<TKey, TValue> from an IEnumerable<T> according to a specified key selector function.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodToDictionary<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, TKey>(Func<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, TKey>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>)

Overloaded. Creates a Dictionary<TKey, TValue> from an IEnumerable<T> according to a specified key selector function and key comparer.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodToDictionary<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, TKey, TElement>(Func<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, TKey>, Func<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, TElement>)

Overloaded. Creates a Dictionary<TKey, TValue> from an IEnumerable<T> according to specified key selector and element selector functions.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodToDictionary<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, TKey, TElement>(Func<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, TKey>, Func<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, TElement>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>)

Overloaded. Creates a Dictionary<TKey, TValue> from an IEnumerable<T> according to a specified key selector function, a comparer, and an element selector function.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodToList<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>>()

Creates a List<T> from an IEnumerable<T>.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodToLookup<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, TKey>(Func<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, TKey>)

Overloaded. Creates a Lookup<TKey, TElement> from an IEnumerable<T> according to a specified key selector function.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodToLookup<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, TKey>(Func<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, TKey>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>)

Overloaded. Creates a Lookup<TKey, TElement> from an IEnumerable<T> according to a specified key selector function and key comparer.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodToLookup<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, TKey, TElement>(Func<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, TKey>, Func<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, TElement>)

Overloaded. Creates a Lookup<TKey, TElement> from an IEnumerable<T> according to specified key selector and element selector functions.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodToLookup<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, TKey, TElement>(Func<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, TKey>, Func<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, TElement>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>)

Overloaded. Creates a Lookup<TKey, TElement> from an IEnumerable<T> according to a specified key selector function, a comparer and an element selector function.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodUnion<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>>(IEnumerable<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>>)

Overloaded. Produces the set union of two sequences by using the default equality comparer.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodUnion<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>>(IEnumerable<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>>, IEqualityComparer<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>>)

Overloaded. Produces the set union of two sequences by using a specified IEqualityComparer<T>.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodWhere<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>>(Func<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, Boolean>)

Overloaded. Filters a sequence of values based on a predicate.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodWhere<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>>(Func<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, Int32, Boolean>)

Overloaded. Filters a sequence of values based on a predicate. Each element's index is used in the logic of the predicate function.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodZip<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, TSecond, TResult>(IEnumerable<TSecond>, Func<KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue>, TSecond, TResult>)

Applies a specified function to the corresponding elements of two sequences, producing a sequence of the results.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_noteNote

To view the .NET Framework source code for this type, see the Reference Source. You can browse through the source code online, download the reference for offline viewing, and step through the sources (including patches and updates) during debugging; see instructions.

The Dictionary<TKey, TValue> generic class provides a mapping from a set of keys to a set of values. Each addition to the dictionary consists of a value and its associated key. Retrieving a value by using its key is very fast, close to O(1), because the Dictionary<TKey, TValue> class is implemented as a hash table.

System_CAPS_noteNote

The speed of retrieval depends on the quality of the hashing algorithm of the type specified for TKey.

As long as an object is used as a key in the Dictionary<TKey, TValue>, it must not change in any way that affects its hash value. Every key in a Dictionary<TKey, TValue> must be unique according to the dictionary's equality comparer. A key cannot be null, but a value can be, if the value type TValue is a reference type.

Dictionary<TKey, TValue> requires an equality implementation to determine whether keys are equal. You can specify an implementation of the IEqualityComparer<T> generic interface by using a constructor that accepts a comparer parameter; if you do not specify an implementation, the default generic equality comparer EqualityComparer<T>.Default is used. If type TKey implements the System.IEquatable<T> generic interface, the default equality comparer uses that implementation.

System_CAPS_noteNote

For example, you can use the case-insensitive string comparers provided by the StringComparer class to create dictionaries with case-insensitive string keys.

The capacity of a Dictionary<TKey, TValue> is the number of elements the Dictionary<TKey, TValue> can hold. As elements are added to a Dictionary<TKey, TValue>, the capacity is automatically increased as required by reallocating the internal array.

For very large Dictionary<TKey, TValue> objects, you can increase the maximum capacity to 2 billion elements on a 64-bit system by setting the enabled attribute of the configuration element to true in the run-time environment.

For purposes of enumeration, each item in the dictionary is treated as a KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue> structure representing a value and its key. The order in which the items are returned is undefined.

The foreach statement of the C# language (for each in C++, For Each in Visual Basic) returns an object of the type of the elements in the collection. Since the Dictionary<TKey, TValue> is a collection of keys and values, the element type is not the type of the key or the type of the value. Instead, the element type is a KeyValuePair<TKey, TValue> of the key type and the value type. For example:

foreach( KeyValuePair<string, string> kvp in myDictionary )
{
    Console.WriteLine("Key = {0}, Value = {1}", kvp.Key, kvp.Value);
}

The foreach statement is a wrapper around the enumerator, which allows only reading from the collection, not writing to it.

System_CAPS_noteNote

Because keys can be inherited and their behavior changed, their absolute uniqueness cannot be guaranteed by comparisons using the Equals method.

The following code example creates an empty Dictionary<TKey, TValue> of strings with string keys and uses the Add method to add some elements. The example demonstrates that the Add method throws an ArgumentException when attempting to add a duplicate key.

The example uses the Item property (the indexer in C#) to retrieve values, demonstrating that a KeyNotFoundException is thrown when a requested key is not present, and showing that the value associated with a key can be replaced.

The example shows how to use the TryGetValue method as a more efficient way to retrieve values if a program often must try key values that are not in the dictionary, and it shows how to use the ContainsKey method to test whether a key exists before calling the Add method.

The example shows how to enumerate the keys and values in the dictionary and how to enumerate the keys and values alone using the Keys property and the Values property.

Finally, the example demonstrates the Remove method.

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;

public class Example
{
    public static void Main()
    {
        // Create a new dictionary of strings, with string keys.
        //
        Dictionary<string, string> openWith = 
            new Dictionary<string, string>();

        // Add some elements to the dictionary. There are no 
        // duplicate keys, but some of the values are duplicates.
        openWith.Add("txt", "notepad.exe");
        openWith.Add("bmp", "paint.exe");
        openWith.Add("dib", "paint.exe");
        openWith.Add("rtf", "wordpad.exe");

        // The Add method throws an exception if the new key is 
        // already in the dictionary.
        try
        {
            openWith.Add("txt", "winword.exe");
        }
        catch (ArgumentException)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("An element with Key = \"txt\" already exists.");
        }

        // The Item property is another name for the indexer, so you 
        // can omit its name when accessing elements. 
        Console.WriteLine("For key = \"rtf\", value = {0}.", 
            openWith["rtf"]);

        // The indexer can be used to change the value associated
        // with a key.
        openWith["rtf"] = "winword.exe";
        Console.WriteLine("For key = \"rtf\", value = {0}.", 
            openWith["rtf"]);

        // If a key does not exist, setting the indexer for that key
        // adds a new key/value pair.
        openWith["doc"] = "winword.exe";

        // The indexer throws an exception if the requested key is
        // not in the dictionary.
        try
        {
            Console.WriteLine("For key = \"tif\", value = {0}.", 
                openWith["tif"]);
        }
        catch (KeyNotFoundException)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("Key = \"tif\" is not found.");
        }

        // When a program often has to try keys that turn out not to
        // be in the dictionary, TryGetValue can be a more efficient 
        // way to retrieve values.
        string value = "";
        if (openWith.TryGetValue("tif", out value))
        {
            Console.WriteLine("For key = \"tif\", value = {0}.", value);
        }
        else
        {
            Console.WriteLine("Key = \"tif\" is not found.");
        }

        // ContainsKey can be used to test keys before inserting 
        // them.
        if (!openWith.ContainsKey("ht"))
        {
            openWith.Add("ht", "hypertrm.exe");
            Console.WriteLine("Value added for key = \"ht\": {0}", 
                openWith["ht"]);
        }

        // When you use foreach to enumerate dictionary elements,
        // the elements are retrieved as KeyValuePair objects.
        Console.WriteLine();
        foreach( KeyValuePair<string, string> kvp in openWith )
        {
            Console.WriteLine("Key = {0}, Value = {1}", 
                kvp.Key, kvp.Value);
        }

        // To get the values alone, use the Values property.
        Dictionary<string, string>.ValueCollection valueColl =
            openWith.Values;

        // The elements of the ValueCollection are strongly typed
        // with the type that was specified for dictionary values.
        Console.WriteLine();
        foreach( string s in valueColl )
        {
            Console.WriteLine("Value = {0}", s);
        }

        // To get the keys alone, use the Keys property.
        Dictionary<string, string>.KeyCollection keyColl =
            openWith.Keys;

        // The elements of the KeyCollection are strongly typed
        // with the type that was specified for dictionary keys.
        Console.WriteLine();
        foreach( string s in keyColl )
        {
            Console.WriteLine("Key = {0}", s);
        }

        // Use the Remove method to remove a key/value pair.
        Console.WriteLine("\nRemove(\"doc\")");
        openWith.Remove("doc");

        if (!openWith.ContainsKey("doc"))
        {
            Console.WriteLine("Key \"doc\" is not found.");
        }
    }
}

/* This code example produces the following output:

An element with Key = "txt" already exists.
For key = "rtf", value = wordpad.exe.
For key = "rtf", value = winword.exe.
Key = "tif" is not found.
Key = "tif" is not found.
Value added for key = "ht": hypertrm.exe

Key = txt, Value = notepad.exe
Key = bmp, Value = paint.exe
Key = dib, Value = paint.exe
Key = rtf, Value = winword.exe
Key = doc, Value = winword.exe
Key = ht, Value = hypertrm.exe

Value = notepad.exe
Value = paint.exe
Value = paint.exe
Value = winword.exe
Value = winword.exe
Value = hypertrm.exe

Key = txt
Key = bmp
Key = dib
Key = rtf
Key = doc
Key = ht

Remove("doc")
Key "doc" is not found.
 */

Universal Windows Platform
Available since 4.5
.NET Framework
Available since 2.0
Portable Class Library
Supported in: portable .NET platforms
Silverlight
Available since 2.0
Windows Phone Silverlight
Available since 7.0
Windows Phone
Available since 8.1

A Dictionary<TKey, TValue> can support multiple readers concurrently, as long as the collection is not modified. Even so, enumerating through a collection is intrinsically not a thread-safe procedure. In the rare case where an enumeration contends with write accesses, the collection must be locked during the entire enumeration. To allow the collection to be accessed by multiple threads for reading and writing, you must implement your own synchronization.

For thread-safe alternatives, see the ConcurrentDictionary<TKey, TValue> class or System.Collections.Immutable.ImmutableDictionary<TKey, TValue> class.

Public static (Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe.

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