Interaction.Environ Method (Int32)

Returns the string associated with an operating-system environment variable.

Namespace: Microsoft.VisualBasic
Assembly: Microsoft.VisualBasic (in microsoft.visualbasic.dll)

public static string Environ (
	int Expression
public static String Environ (
	int Expression
public static function Environ (
	Expression : int
) : String
Not applicable.



Required. Expression that evaluates either a string containing the name of an environment variable, or an integer corresponding to the numeric order of an environment string in the environment-string table.

Return Value

Returns the string associated with an operating-system environment variable.

For more detailed information, see the Visual Basic topic Environ Function.

If Expression contains a string, the Environ function returns the text assigned to the specified environment string—that is, the text following the equal sign (=) in the environment-string table for that environment variable. If the string in Expression cannot be found in the environment-string table, a zero-length string ("") is returned.

If Expression contains an integer, the string occupying that numeric position in the environment-string table is returned. In this case, Environ returns all of the text, including the name of the environment variable. If there is no environment string in the specified position, Environ returns a zero-length string.

Security noteSecurity Note:

The Environ function requires environment permission, which might affect its execution in partial-trust situations. For more information, see SecurityPermission and Code Access Permissions.

This example uses the Environ function to supply the entry number and length of the PATH statement from the environment-string table.

Sub tenv()
   Dim envString As String
   Dim found As Boolean = False
   Dim index As Integer = 1
   Dim pathLength As Integer
   Dim message As String

   envString = Environ(index)
   While Not found And (envString <> "")
      If (envString.Substring(0, 5) = "Path=") Then
         found = True
         index += 1
         envString = Environ(index) 
      End If
   End While

   If found Then
      pathLength = Environ("PATH").Length
      message = "PATH entry = " & index & " and length = " & pathLength
      message = "No PATH environment variable exists."
   End If

End Sub

Windows 98, Windows Server 2000 SP4, Windows CE, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows Mobile for Pocket PC, Windows Mobile for Smartphone, Windows Server 2003, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Starter Edition

The Microsoft .NET Framework 3.0 is supported on Windows Vista, Microsoft Windows XP SP2, and Windows Server 2003 SP1.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0