Dictionary(TKey, TValue) Constructor

Dictionary<TKey, TValue> Constructor ()


Initializes a new instance of the Dictionary<TKey, TValue> class that is empty, has the default initial capacity, and uses the default equality comparer for the key type.

Namespace:   System.Collections.Generic
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

public Dictionary()

Every key in a Dictionary<TKey, TValue> must be unique according to the default equality comparer.

Dictionary<TKey, TValue> requires an equality implementation to determine whether keys are equal. This constructor uses the default generic equality comparer, EqualityComparer<T>.Default. If type TKey implements the System.IEquatable<T> generic interface, the default equality comparer uses that implementation. Alternatively, you can specify an implementation of the IEqualityComparer<T> generic interface by using a constructor that accepts a comparer parameter.


If you can estimate the size of the collection, using a constructor that specifies the initial capacity eliminates the need to perform a number of resizing operations while adding elements to the Dictionary<TKey, TValue>.

This constructor is an O(1) operation.

The following code example creates an empty Dictionary<TKey, TValue> of strings with string keys and uses the Add method to add some elements. The example demonstrates that the Add method throws an ArgumentException when attempting to add a duplicate key.

This code example is part of a larger example provided for the Dictionary<TKey, TValue> class.

// Create a new dictionary of strings, with string keys.
Dictionary<string, string> openWith = 
    new Dictionary<string, string>();

// Add some elements to the dictionary. There are no 
// duplicate keys, but some of the values are duplicates.
openWith.Add("txt", "notepad.exe");
openWith.Add("bmp", "paint.exe");
openWith.Add("dib", "paint.exe");
openWith.Add("rtf", "wordpad.exe");

// The Add method throws an exception if the new key is 
// already in the dictionary.
    openWith.Add("txt", "winword.exe");
catch (ArgumentException)
    Console.WriteLine("An element with Key = \"txt\" already exists.");

Universal Windows Platform
Available since 4.5
.NET Framework
Available since 2.0
Portable Class Library
Supported in: portable .NET platforms
Available since 2.0
Windows Phone Silverlight
Available since 7.0
Windows Phone
Available since 8.1
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