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StringInfo.GetTextElementEnumerator Method (String)

Returns an enumerator that iterates through the text elements of the entire string.

Namespace:  System.Globalization
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

static member GetTextElementEnumerator : 
        str:string -> TextElementEnumerator 


Type: System.String
The string to iterate through.

Return Value

Type: System.Globalization.TextElementEnumerator
A TextElementEnumerator for the entire string.


str is a null reference (Nothing in Visual Basic).

The .NET Framework defines a text element as a unit of text that is displayed as a single character, that is, a grapheme. A text element can be a base character, a surrogate pair, or a combining character sequence. The Unicode Standard defines a surrogate pair as a coded character representation for a single abstract character that consists of a sequence of two code units, where the first unit of the pair is a high surrogate and the second is a low surrogate. The Unicode Standard defines a combining character sequence as a combination of a base character and one or more combining characters. A surrogate pair can represent a base character or a combining character.

The text element enumerator is used only to read data in the string; it cannot modify the underlying string. The enumerator does not have exclusive access to the string.

The enumerator is in an invalid state if it is positioned before the first text element in the string or after the last text element in the string. When the enumerator is in an invalid state, calling Current throws an exception.

Initially, the enumerator is positioned before the first text element in the string. Reset also brings the enumerator back to this position. Therefore, after an enumerator is created or after Reset is called, MoveNext must be called to advance the enumerator to the first text element of the string before reading the value of Current.

Current returns the same object until either MoveNext or Reset is called.

After the end of the string is passed, the enumerator is again in an invalid state and calling MoveNext returns false. Calling Current throws an exception if the last call to MoveNext returned false.

The following code example demonstrates calling the GetTextElementEnumerator method. This code example is part of a larger example provided for the StringInfo class.

No code example is currently available or this language may not be supported.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Portable Class Library

Supported in: Portable Class Library

Windows 7, Windows Vista SP1 or later, Windows XP SP3, Windows XP SP2 x64 Edition, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core supported with SP1 or later), Windows Server 2003 SP2

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.