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basic_string::copy

Copies at most a specified number of characters from an indexed position in a source string to a target character array.

This method is potentially unsafe, as it relies on the caller to check that the passed values are correct. Consider using basic_string::_Copy_s instead.

size_type copy(
    value_type* _Ptr, 
    size_type _Count,
    size_type _Off = 0
) const;

_Ptr

The target character array to which the elements are to be copied.

_ Count

The number of characters to be copied, at most, from the source string.

_Off

The beginning position in the source string from which copies are to be made.

The number of characters actually copied.

A null character is not appended to the end of the copy.

// basic_string_copy.cpp
// compile with: /EHsc /W3
#include <string>
#include <iostream>

int main( )
{
   using namespace std;
   string str1 ( "Hello World" );
   basic_string <char>::iterator str_Iter;
   char array1 [ 20 ] = { 0 };
   char array2 [ 10 ] = { 0 };
   basic_string <char>:: pointer array1Ptr = array1;
   basic_string <char>:: value_type *array2Ptr = array2;

   cout << "The original string str1 is: ";
   for ( str_Iter = str1.begin( ); str_Iter != str1.end( ); str_Iter++ )
      cout << *str_Iter;
   cout << endl;

   basic_string <char>:: size_type nArray1;
   // Note: string::copy is potentially unsafe, consider
   // using string::_Copy_s instead.
   nArray1 = str1.copy ( array1Ptr , 12 );  // C4996
   cout << "The number of copied characters in array1 is: "
        << nArray1 << endl;
   cout << "The copied characters array1 is: " << array1 << endl;

   basic_string <char>:: size_type nArray2;
   // Note: string::copy is potentially unsafe, consider
   // using string::_Copy_s instead.
   nArray2 = str1.copy ( array2Ptr , 5 , 6  );  // C4996
   cout << "The number of copied characters in array2 is: "
           << nArray2 << endl;
   cout << "The copied characters array2 is: " << array2Ptr << endl;
}
The original string str1 is: Hello World
The number of copied characters in array1 is: 11
The copied characters array1 is: Hello World
The number of copied characters in array2 is: 5
The copied characters array2 is: World

Header: <string>

Namespace: std

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