Locking rule set (Storport)

Use these rules to verify that your driver correctly manages shared resources.

In this section

TopicDescription

CancelSpinLock

The CancelSpinLock Rule (Storport) rule verifies that each call to IoAcquireCancelSpinLock is promptly followed by a call to IoReleaseCancelSpinLock.

QueuedSpinLock

The QueuedSpinLock rule verifies that in-stack queued spin locks that are acquired using KeAcquireInStackQueuedSpinLock are promptly released using KeReleaseInStackQueuedSpinLock. In addition, at the end of a dispatch or cancel routine, the driver should not hold any locks.

QueuedSpinLockRelease

This rule verifies that the driver does not call KeReleaseInStackQueuedSpinLock without first acquiring the lock via KeAcquireInStackQueuedSpinLock.

SpinLock

This rule verifies that a call to KeAcquireSpinLock is promptly followed by a call to KeReleaseSpinlock. If a driver calls KeAcquireSpinLockRaiseToDpc or KeAcquireSpinLock again prior to releasing the lock, it fails the rule. In addition, before exiting the dispatch or cancel routine, the driver must release the spin lock.

SpinLockDpc

This rule verifies that a call to KeAcquireSpinLockRaiseToDpc is promptly followed by a call to KeReleaseSpinlock. If a driver calls KeAcquireSpinLock or KeAcquireSpinLockRaiseToDpc again prior to releasing the lock, it fails the rule. In addition, before exiting the dispatch or cancel routine, the driver must release the spin lock.

SpinLockRelease

This rule verifies that the driver does not attempt to release a lock via KeReleaseSpinLock without first acquiring it via KeAquireSpinlock or KeAcquireSpinLockRaiseToDpc. The rule passes when the acquired spin lock is released.

SpinLockSafe

This rule verifies that the IoStartNextPacket and IoCompleteRequest routines are not called while holding a spin lock. The rule keeps track of the number of spin locks held at any time, and if that number is not 0 when either routine is called, the driver fails the rule.

StorPortMSILock

Miniport drivers are required to acquire the MSI spin lock for a message if, and only if, the InterruptSynchronizationMode member of the PORT_CONFIGURATION_INFORMATION (Storport) structure is set to InterruptSynchronizePerMessage. This rule verifies that calls to StorPortAcquireMSISpinLock are only made if the synchronization mode is InterruptSynchronizePerMessage.

StorPortSpinLock

This rule verifies that locks that are acquired via StorPortAcquireSpinLock are promptly released via StorPortReleaseSpinLock. The miniport driver fails the rule if it attempts to acquire a lock that it had already acquired, or if it attempts to release a lock that it had not acquired. In addition, at the end of the dispatch or cancel routine, the driver should not hold any spin locks.

StorPortSpinLock3

The StorPortSpinLock3 rule verifies the lock acquisition hierarchy that is described in the documentation for the StorPortAcquireSpinLock routine.

StorPortSpinLock4

This rule is the release counterpart of StorPortSpinLock. It is similar to the SpinLockRelease rule.

 

JJ126213.wedge(en-us,VS.85).gifTo select the Locking rule set

  1. Select your driver project (.vcxProj) in Microsoft Visual Studio. From the Driver menu, click Launch Static Driver Verifier….

  2. Click the Rules tab. Under Rule Sets, select Locking.

    To select the default rule set from a Visual Studio developer command prompt window, specify Locking.sdv with the /check option. For example:

    
    msbuild /t:sdv /p:Inputs="/check:Locking.sdv" mydriver.VcxProj /p:Configuration="Win8 Release" /p:Platform=Win32
    
    

    For more information, see Using Static Driver Verifier to Find Defects in Drivers and Static Driver Verifier commands (MSBuild).

 

 

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