FsRtlPrepareMdlWriteEx routine

The FsRtlPrepareMdlWriteEx routine returns a linked list of memory descriptor lists (MDLs) that point to the specified range of cached file data to write data directly to the cache. If the cache support for the write is not available, the routine reverts to an IRP based MDL write operation.


NTSTATUS FsRtlPrepareMdlWriteEx(
  _In_  PFILE_OBJECT     FileObject,
  _In_  PLARGE_INTEGER   FileOffset,
  _In_  ULONG            Length,
  _In_  ULONG            LockKey,
  _Out_ PMDL             *MdlChain,


FileObject [in]

A pointer to the file object.

FileOffset [in]

A pointer to a value that specifies the starting byte offset within the cache that holds the data.

Length [in]

The length in bytes of the data to write to the cache.

LockKey [in]

A value that is associated with the byte range to lock. If the range to lock overlaps another range that is already locked with a nonexclusive lock, or if the range to read is a subrange of another range that is already locked nonexclusively, the value in this parameter must be the key for that nonexclusive lock. The lock must be held by the parent process of the calling thread. Otherwise, this parameter has no effect.

MdlChain [out]

On output, a pointer to a linked list of memory descriptor lists (MDLs) that point to the byte range within the cached data.

IoStatus [out]

A pointer to an IO_STATUS_BLOCK structure that, on output, contains the status of the transfer. If the operation succeeds, IoStatus.Status is set to STATUS_SUCCESS. Otherwise, it is set to an appropriate NTSTATUS error code. IoStatus.Information is set to the actual number of bytes that the routine successfully locked.

Return value

FsRtlPrepareMdlWriteEx returns STATUS_SUCCESS or an appropriate NTSTATUS value, such as one of the following:

Return codeDescription

An IRP for the IRP based write could not be allocated.



If fast I/O is available for the file system, the FsRtlPrepareMdlWriteEx routine will bypass the usual IRP write mechanism and return a linked list of memory descriptor lists (MDL) that the caller can use to write data directly to the file cache. Instead of copying data buffered data into the cache, the physical pages that the caller will overwrite are locked in memory and can be written to directly. FsRtlPrepareMdlWriteEx returns one or more memory descriptor lists (MDLs) that point to the specified byte range.

If fast I/O is not enabled, FsRtlPrepareMdlWriteEx will generate a synchronous IRP based MDL write prepare and return the MDLs allocated from the request.

The pages that the MDLs point to are locked in memory, but are not mapped in system space. The caller can perform this mapping by calling MmGetSystemAddressForMdlSafe.

Each call to FsRtlPrepareMdlWriteEx must be followed by a call to CcMdlWriteComplete.


Target platform



Ntifs.h (include Ntifs.h)







See also




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