Performing Control Operations on a Socket

After a Winsock Kernel (WSK) application has successfully created a socket, it can perform control operations on the socket. The control operations that can be performed on a socket include setting and retrieving socket options and executing socket IOCTL operations.

A WSK application performs control operations on a socket by calling the WskControlSocket function. The WskControlSocket function is pointed to by the WskControlSocket member of the socket's provider dispatch structure. A socket's provider dispatch structure is pointed to by the Dispatch member of the socket object structure ( WSK_SOCKET) that was returned by the WSK subsystem during the creation of the socket.

The following code example shows how a WSK application can set the SO_EXCLUSIVEADDRUSE socket option on a datagram socket.


// Prototype for the control socket IoCompletion routine
NTSTATUS
  ControlSocketComplete(
    PDEVICE_OBJECT DeviceObject,
    PIRP Irp,
    PVOID Context
    );

// Function to set the SO_EXCLUSIVEADDRUSE socket option
// on a datagram socket
NTSTATUS
  SetExclusiveAddrUse(
    PWSK_SOCKET Socket
    )
{
  PWSK_PROVIDER_DATAGRAM_DISPATCH Dispatch;
  PIRP Irp;
  ULONG SocketOptionState;
  NTSTATUS Status;

  // Get pointer to the socket's provider dispatch structure
  Dispatch =
    (PWSK_PROVIDER_DATAGRAM_DISPATCH)(Socket->Dispatch);

  // Allocate an IRP
  Irp =
    IoAllocateIrp(
      1,
      FALSE
      );

  // Check result
  if (!Irp)
  {
    // Return error
    return STATUS_INSUFFICIENT_RESOURCES;
  }

  // Set the completion routine for the IRP
  IoSetCompletionRoutine(
    Irp,
    ControlSocketComplete,
    Socket,  // Use the socket object for the context
    TRUE,
    TRUE,
    TRUE
    );

  // Set the socket option state to 1 to set the socket option
  SocketOptionState = 1;

  // Initiate the control operation on the socket
  Status =
    Dispatch->WskControlSocket(
      Socket,
      WskSetOption,
      SO_EXCLUSIVEADDRUSE,
      SOL_SOCKET,
      sizeof(ULONG),
      &SocketOptionState,
      0,
      NULL,
      NULL,
      Irp
      );

  // Return the status of the call to WskControlSocket()
  return Status;
}

// Control socket IoCompletion routine
NTSTATUS
  ControlSocketComplete(
    PDEVICE_OBJECT DeviceObject,
    PIRP Irp,
    PVOID Context
    )
{
  UNREFERENCED_PARAMETER(DeviceObject);

  PWSK_SOCKET Socket;

  // Check the result of the control operation
  if (Irp->IoStatus.Status == STATUS_SUCCESS)
  {
    // Get the socket object from the context
    Socket = (PWSK_SOCKET)Context;

    // Perform the next operation on the socket
    ...
  }

  // Error status
  else
  {
    // Handle error
    ...
  }

  // Free the IRP
  IoFreeIrp(Irp);

  // Always return STATUS_MORE_PROCESSING_REQUIRED to
  // terminate the completion processing of the IRP.
  return STATUS_MORE_PROCESSING_REQUIRED;
}

For more information about each of the supported socket options, see WSK Socket Options.

The following code example shows how a WSK application can execute the SIO_WSK_SET_REMOTE_ADDRESS socket IOCTL operation on a datagram socket.


// Prototype for the control socket IoCompletion routine
NTSTATUS
  ControlSocketComplete(
    PDEVICE_OBJECT DeviceObject,
    PIRP Irp,
    PVOID Context
    );

// Function to perform the SIO_WSK_SET_REMOTE_ADDRESS socket
// IOCTL operation on a datagram socket
NTSTATUS
  SetRemoteAddress(
    PWSK_SOCKET Socket,
    PSOCKADDR RemoteAddress
    )
{
  PWSK_PROVIDER_DATAGRAM_DISPATCH Dispatch;
  PIRP Irp;
  NTSTATUS Status;

  // Get pointer to the socket's provider dispatch structure
  Dispatch =
    (PWSK_PROVIDER_DATAGRAM_DISPATCH)(Socket->Dispatch);

  // Allocate an IRP
  Irp =
    IoAllocateIrp(
      1,
      FALSE
      );

  // Check result
  if (!Irp)
  {
    // Return error
    return STATUS_INSUFFICIENT_RESOURCES;
  }

  // Set the completion routine for the IRP
  IoSetCompletionRoutine(
    Irp,
    ControlSocketComplete,
    Socket,  // Use the socket object for the context
    TRUE,
    TRUE,
    TRUE
    );

  // Initiate the IOCTL operation on the socket
  Status =
    Dispatch->WskControlSocket(
      Socket,
      WskIoctl,
 SIO_WSK_SET_REMOTE_ADDRESS,
      0,
      sizeof(SOCKADDR_IN),  // AF_INET
      RemoteAddress,
      0,
      NULL,
      NULL,
      Irp
      );

  // Return the status of the call to WskControlSocket()
  return Status;
}

// Control socket IoCompletion routine
NTSTATUS
  ControlSocketComplete(
    PDEVICE_OBJECT DeviceObject,
    PIRP Irp,
    PVOID Context
    )
{
  UNREFERENCED_PARAMETER(DeviceObject);

  PWSK_SOCKET Socket;

  // Check the result of the control operation
  if (Irp->IoStatus.Status == STATUS_SUCCESS)
  {
    // Get the socket object from the context
    Socket = (PWSK_SOCKET)Context;

    // Perform the next operation on the socket
    ...
  }

  // Error status
  else
  {
    // Handle error
    ...
  }

  // Free the IRP
  IoFreeIrp(Irp);

  // Always return STATUS_MORE_PROCESSING_REQUIRED to
  // terminate the completion processing of the IRP.
  return STATUS_MORE_PROCESSING_REQUIRED;
}

For more information about each of the supported socket IOCTL operations, see WSK Socket IOCTL Operations.

 

 

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