WdfUsbTargetPipeFormatRequestForWrite method

[Applies to KMDF and UMDF]

The WdfUsbTargetPipeFormatRequestForWrite method builds a write request for a USB output pipe, but it does not send the request.


NTSTATUS WdfUsbTargetPipeFormatRequestForWrite(
  [in]           WDFUSBPIPE        Pipe,
  [in]           WDFREQUEST        Request,
  [in, optional] WDFMEMORY         WriteMemory,
  [in, optional] PWDFMEMORY_OFFSET WriteOffset


Pipe [in]

A handle to a framework pipe object that was obtained by calling WdfUsbInterfaceGetConfiguredPipe.

Request [in]

A handle to a framework request object. For more information, see the following Remarks section.

WriteMemory [in, optional]

A handle to a framework memory object. This object represents a buffer that contains data that will be sent to the pipe. For more information about this buffer, see the following Remarks section.

WriteOffset [in, optional]

A pointer to a caller-allocated WDFMEMORY_OFFSET structure that supplies optional byte offset and length values. The framework uses these values to determine the beginning address and length, within the write buffer, for the data transfer. If this pointer is NULL, the data transfer begins at the beginning of the buffer, and the transfer size is the buffer size.

Return value

WdfUsbTargetPipeFormatRequestForWrite returns STATUS_SUCCESS if the operation succeeds. Otherwise, this method might return one of the following values:

Return codeDescription

An invalid parameter was detected.


Insufficient memory was available.


An invalid memory descriptor was specified, the pipe's type was not valid, the transfer direction was invalid, or the specified I/O request was already queued to an I/O target.


The offset that the Offset parameter specified was invalid.


The I/O request packet (IRP) that the Request parameter represents does not provide enough IO_STACK_LOCATION structures to allow the driver to forward the request.


This method also might return other NTSTATUS values.

A bug check occurs if the driver supplies an invalid object handle.


Use WdfUsbTargetPipeFormatRequestForWrite, followed by WdfRequestSend, to send write requests either synchronously or asynchronously. Alternatively, use the WdfUsbTargetPipeWriteSynchronously method to send write requests synchronously.

The specified pipe must be an output pipe, and the pipe's type must be WdfUsbPipeTypeBulk or WdfUsbPipeTypeInterrupt.

You can forward an I/O request that your driver received in an I/O queue, or you can create and send a new request. In either case, the framework requires a request object and some buffer space.

To forward an I/O request that your driver received in an I/O queue:

  1. Specify the received request's handle for the WdfUsbTargetPipeFormatRequestForWrite method's Request parameter.

  2. Use the received request's input buffer for the WdfUsbTargetPipeFormatRequestForWrite method's WriteMemory parameter.

    The driver must call WdfRequestRetrieveInputMemory to obtain a handle to a framework memory object that represents the request's input buffer and use that handle as the value for WriteMemory.

For more information about forwarding an I/O request, see Forwarding I/O Requests.

Drivers often divide received I/O requests into smaller requests that they send to an I/O target, so your driver might create new requests.

To create a new I/O request:

  1. Create a new request object and supply its handle for the WdfUsbTargetPipeFormatRequestForWrite method's Request parameter.

    Call WdfRequestCreate to preallocate one or more request objects. You can reuse these request objects by calling WdfRequestReuse. Your driver's EvtDriverDeviceAdd callback function can preallocate request objects for a device.

  2. Provide buffer space, and supply the buffer's handle for the WdfUsbTargetPipeFormatRequestForWrite method's WriteMemory parameter.

    Your driver must specify this buffer space as a WDFMEMORY handle to framework-managed memory. Your driver can do either of the following:

    Note that if your driver calls WdfRequestRetrieveInputMemory and passes the memory handle to WdfUsbTargetPipeFormatRequestForWrite, the driver must not complete the received I/O request until after the driver deletes, reuses, or reformats the new, driver-created request object. (WdfUsbTargetPipeFormatRequestForWrite increments the memory object's reference count. Deleting, reusing, or reformatting a request object decrements the memory object's reference count.)

After calling WdfUsbTargetPipeFormatRequestForWrite to format an I/O request, the driver must call WdfRequestSend to send the request (either synchronously or asynchronously) to an I/O target.

Multiple calls to WdfUsbTargetPipeFormatRequestForWrite that use the same request do not cause additional resource allocations. Therefore, to reduce the chance that WdfRequestCreate will return STATUS_INSUFFICIENT_RESOURCES, your driver's EvtDriverDeviceAdd callback function can call WdfRequestCreate to preallocate one or more request objects for a device. The driver can subsequently reuse (call WdfRequestReuse), reformat (call WdfUsbTargetPipeFormatRequestForWrite), and resend (call WdfRequestSend) each request object without risking a STATUS_INSUFFICIENT_RESOURCES return value from a later call to WdfRequestCreate. All subsequent calls to WdfUsbTargetPipeFormatRequestForWrite for the reused request object will return STATUS_SUCCESS, if parameter values do not change. (If the driver does not call the same request-formatting method each time, additional resources might be allocated.)

For information about obtaining status information after an I/O request completes, see Obtaining Completion Information.

For more information about the WdfUsbTargetPipeFormatRequestForWrite method and USB I/O targets, see USB I/O Targets.


The following code example is from the kmdf_fx2 sample driver. This example is an EvtIoWrite callback function that forwards a write request to a USB pipe. The example calls WdfRequestRetrieveInputMemory to obtain the request's input buffer, and then it formats the write request so that the request can be sent to a USB pipe. Next, the example registers a CompletionRoutine callback function. Finally, it sends the request to the USB pipe.

    IN WDFQUEUE  Queue,
    IN WDFREQUEST  Request,
    IN size_t  Length
    NTSTATUS  status;
    WDFUSBPIPE  pipe;
    WDFMEMORY  reqMemory;
    PDEVICE_CONTEXT  pDeviceContext;
        goto Exit;

    pDeviceContext = GetDeviceContext(WdfIoQueueGetDevice(Queue));
    pipe = pDeviceContext->BulkWritePipe;

    status = WdfRequestRetrieveInputMemory(
    if (!NT_SUCCESS(status)){
        goto Exit;

    status = WdfUsbTargetPipeFormatRequestForWrite(
    if (!NT_SUCCESS(status)) {
        goto Exit;


    if (WdfRequestSend(
                       ) == FALSE) {
        status = WdfRequestGetStatus(Request);
        goto Exit;

    if (!NT_SUCCESS(status)) {


Target platform


Minimum KMDF version


Minimum UMDF version



Wdfusb.h (include Wdfusb.h)


Wdf01000.sys (KMDF);
WUDFx02000.dll (UMDF)



DDI compliance rules

DriverCreate, KmdfIrql, KmdfIrql2, RequestFormattedValid, RequestSendAndForgetNoFormatting, RequestSendAndForgetNoFormatting2, UsbKmdfIrql, UsbKmdfIrql2

See also




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