Merged View of HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT

The RegOpenUserClassesRoot function provides a merged view for processes, such as services, that are dealing with clients other than the interactive user. In this case, the HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT key provides a view of the registry that merges the information from HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Classes with the information from HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Classes.

The system uses the following rules to merge information from the two sources:

  • The merged view includes all subkeys of the HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Classes key.
  • The merged view includes all immediate subkeys of the HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Classes key that do not duplicate the subkeys of HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Classes.
  • At the end of this topic is a list of subkeys that are found in both HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Classes and HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Classes. The immediate subkeys of these keys from the HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE tree are included in the merged view only if they are not duplicates of immediate subkeys from the HKEY_CURRENT_USER tree. The merged view does not include the HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE contents of duplicate subkeys.

If an application is run with administrator rights and User Account Control is disabled, the COM runtime ignores per-user COM configuration and accesses only per-machine COM configuration. Applications that require administrator rights should register dependent COM objects during installation to the per-machine COM configuration store (HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Classes). For more information, see AC: UAC: COM Per-User Configuration.

Windows Server 2003 and Windows XP/2000:  Applications can register dependent COM objects to either the per-machine or per-user COM configuration store (HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Classes or HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Classes).

The following example shows a set of subkeys under the HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE and HKEY_CURRENT_USER keys and the resulting merged view of HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT.

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Classes    CLSID       2       4          inprocserver32          localserver32       7

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Classes    CLSID       1       4          localserver       6       10          localserver

HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT    CLSID       1       2       4          inprocserver32          localserver          localserver32       6       7       10          localserver

The following subkeys are found in both HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Classes and HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Classes. From the HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE tree, the immediate subkeys of these keys are included in the merged view only if they are not duplicates of immediate subkeys from the HKEY_CURRENT_USER tree. The merged view does not include the HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE contents of duplicate subkeys.

*
*\shellex
*\shellex\ContextMenuHandlers
*\shellex\PropertySheetHandlers
AppID
ClsID
Component Categories
Drive
Drive\shellex
Drive\shellex\ContextMenuHandlers
Drive\shellex\PropertySheetHandlers
FileType
Folder
Folder\shellex
Folder\shellex\ColumnHandler
Folder\shellex\ContextMenuHandlers
Folder\shellex\ExtShellFolderViews
Folder\shellex\PropertySheetHandlers
Installer\Components
Installer\Features
Installer\Products
Interface
Mime
Mime\Database
Mime\Database\Charset
Mime\Database\Codepage
Mime\Database\Content Type
Typelib

 

 

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