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BOF, EOF, and Bookmark Properties Example (VB)

This example uses the BOF and EOF properties to display a message if a user tries to move past the first or last record of a Recordset. It uses the Bookmark property to let the user flag a record in a Recordset and return to it later.


    'To integrate this code
    'replace the data source and initial catalog values
    'in the connection string
Public Sub Main()
    On Error GoTo ErrorHandler

    'recordset and connection variables
    Dim Cnxn As ADODB.Connection
    Dim rstPublishers As ADODB.Recordset
    Dim strCnxn As String
    Dim strSQLPubs As String
     'record variables
    Dim strMessage As String
    Dim intCommand As Integer
    Dim varBookmark As Variant
     ' open connection
    Set Cnxn = New ADODB.Connection
    strCnxn = "Provider='sqloledb';Data Source='MySqlServer';" & _
        "Initial Catalog='Pubs';Integrated Security='SSPI';"
    Cnxn.Open strCnxn
     ' Open recordset and use client cursor
     ' to enable AbsolutePosition property
    Set rstPublishers = New ADODB.Recordset
    strSQLPubs = "SELECT pub_id, pub_name FROM publishers ORDER BY pub_name"
    rstPublishers.Open strSQLPubs, strCnxn, adUseClient, adOpenStatic, adCmdText
    Do Until rstPublishers.EOF
        ' Display information about current record
        ' and get user input
        strMessage = "Publisher: " & rstPublishers!pub_name & _
            vbCr & "(record " & rstPublishers.AbsolutePosition & _
            " of " & rstPublishers.RecordCount & ")" & vbCr & vbCr & _
            "Enter command:" & vbCr & _
            "[1 - next / 2 - previous /" & vbCr & _
            "3 - set bookmark / 4 - go to bookmark]"
        intCommand = Val(InputBox(strMessage))

        ' Check user input
        Select Case intCommand
            Case 1
                ' Move forward trapping for EOF
                If rstPublishers.EOF Then
                    MsgBox "Moving past the last record." & _
                        vbCr & "Try again."
                End If
            Case 2
                ' Move backward trapping for BOF
                If rstPublishers.BOF Then
                    MsgBox "Moving past the first record." & _
                        vbCr & "Try again."
                End If
            Case 3
                ' Store the bookmark of the current record
                varBookmark = rstPublishers.Bookmark
            Case 4
                ' Go to the record indicated by the stored bookmark
                If IsEmpty(varBookmark) Then
                    MsgBox "No Bookmark set!"
                    rstPublishers.Bookmark = varBookmark
                End If
            Case Else
                Exit Do
        End Select

    ' clean up
    Set rstPublishers = Nothing
    Set Cnxn = Nothing
    Exit Sub
    ' clean up
    If Not rstPublishers Is Nothing Then
        If rstPublishers.State = adStateOpen Then rstPublishers.Close
    End If
    Set rstPublishers = Nothing
    If Not Cnxn Is Nothing Then
        If Cnxn.State = adStateOpen Then Cnxn.Close
    End If
    Set Cnxn = Nothing
    If Err <> 0 Then
        MsgBox Err.Source & "-->" & Err.Description, , "Error"
    End If
End Sub

This example uses the Bookmark and Filter properties to create a limited view of the Recordset. Only records referenced by the array of bookmarks are accessible.

Attribute VB_Name = "BOF"
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