ARIA Container Role (without active descendant) Keyboard Accessibility Error


Element is a focusable container without active descendant defined and without OnKeyDown/OnKeyPress/OnKeyUp event handlers (neither on container nor on one of child elements).




This error applies to elements that have a container role, do not have an aria-activedescendant attribute, and are not disabled. These elements implement keyboard navigation among child elements by using the concept known as roving index. In this concept, the tabindex attributes of child elements are maintained dynamically, ensuring that at all times only one child element is in tab order.

This error indicates that a container element that does not have the aria-activedescendant attribute, and that is not disabled, is not accessible to keyboard users. The problem exists because the container does not have the needed keyboard event handlers (keydown, keyup, or keypress), and neither do any of the container's child elements.

To fix this error, define a keydown, keyup, or keypress event handler for the container or one of its child elements.


<div role="listbox" id="listbox1" >
  <div role="option" id="listbox1-1" tabindex="0" class="selected">Item 1</div>
  <div role="option" id="listbox1-2">Item 2</div>
  <div role="option" id="listbox1-3">Item 3</div>



  listbox1.addEventListener('keyup', function(e) {
    var itm = e.srcElement;
    var prev = itm.previousElementSibling;
    var next = itm.nextElementSibling;

    if (e.keyCode == 38 && prev) {
      // On arrow up move focus to the previous item.
      itm.setAttribute('tabindex', '-1');

    else if (e.keyCode == 40 && next) {
      // On arrow down move focus to the next item.
      itm.setAttribute('tabindex', '-1');


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ARIA Container Role Keyboard Accessibility Error