gather4 (sm4.1 - asm)

Gathers the four texels that would be used in a bi-linear filtering operation and packs them into a single register.

gather4[_aoffimmi(u,v)] dest[.mask], srcAddress[.swizzle], srcResource[.swizzle] srcSampler.r




[in] The address of the result of the operation.


[in] Contains the texture coordinates.


[in] A resource register.

The swizzle allows the returned values to be swizzled arbitrarily before they are written to dest.


[in] A sampler register.

This parameter must have a .r (red) swizzle, which indicates that the value of the R channel is copied to dest.



This operation only works with single channel 2D or CubeMap textures. For 2D textures only the addressing modes of the sampler are used and the top level of any mip pyramid is used.

This instruction behaves like the sample instruction, but a filtered sample is not generated. The four samples that would contribute to filtering are placed into xyzw in counter clockwise order starting with the sample to the lower left of the queried location. This is the same as point sampling with (u,v) texture coordinate deltas at the following locations: (-,+),(+,+),(+,-),(-,-), where the magnitude of the deltas are always half a texel.

For CubeMap textures when a bi-linear footprint spans an edge texels from the neighboring face are used. Corners use the same rules as the sample instruction; that is the unkown corner is considered the average of the three impinging face corners.

The texture format restrictions that apply to the sample instructions also apply to the gather4 instruction.

For hardware implementations, optimizations in traditional bilinear filtering that detect samples directly on texels and skip reading of texels that would have weight 0 cannot be leveraged with gather4. gather4 always returns all requested texels.

This instruction applies to the following shader stages:

Vertex ShaderGeometry ShaderPixel Shader


Minimum Shader Model

This function is supported in the following shader models.

Shader ModelSupported
Shader Model 5 yes
Shader Model 4.1 yes
Shader Model 4 no
Shader Model 3 (DirectX HLSL) no
Shader Model 2 (DirectX HLSL) no
Shader Model 1 (DirectX HLSL) no


Related topics

Shader Model 4 Assembly (DirectX HLSL)