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Wide View (GroupBy)


This example shows how to implement a wide view that displays groups of System.ServiceProcess.ServiceController objects returned by the Get-Service cmdlet. For more information about the components of a wide view, see Creating a Wide View.

To load this formatting file

  1. Copy the XML from the Example section of this topic into a text file.

  2. Save the text file. Be sure to add the format.ps1xml extension to the file to identify it as a formatting file.

  3. Open Windows PowerShell, and run the following command to load the formatting file into the current session: Update-formatdata –prependpath PathToFormattingFile.


    This formatting file defines the display of an object that is already defined by a Windows PowerShell formatting files. You must use the prependPath parameter when you run the cmdlet, and you cannot load this formatting file as a module.


This formatting file demonstrates the following XML elements:

  • The Name element for the view.

  • The ViewSelectedBy element that defines what objects are displayed by the view.

  • The GroupBy element that defines when a new group is displayed.

  • The WideItem element that defines what property is displayed by the view.


The following XML defines a wide view that displays groups of objects. Each new group is started when the value of the ServiceController.ServiceType property changes.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8" ?>

        <Label>Service Type</Label>

The following example shows how Windows PowerShell displays the System.ServiceProcess.ServiceController objects after this format file is loaded.

PS> get-service f*
   Service Type: Win32OwnProcess

Fax                             FCSAM

   Service Type: Win32ShareProcess

fdPHost                         FDResPub

   Service Type: Win32OwnProcess

FontCache3.0.0.0                FSysAgent