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Runspace10 Sample


This sample shows how to create a default initial session state, how to add a cmdlet to the InitialSessionState, how to create a runspace that uses the initial session state, and how to run the command by using a PowerShell object.


This sample requires Windows PowerShell 2.0.


This sample demonstrates the following.


This sample creates a runspace that uses an InitialSessionState object to define the elements that are available when the runspace is opened. In this sample, the Get-Proc cmdlet (defined by the Host application) is added to the initial session state, and the cmdlet is run synchronously by using a PowerShell object.

namespace Microsoft.Samples.PowerShell.Runspaces
  using System;
  using System.Collections.Generic;
  using System.Collections.ObjectModel;
  using System.Diagnostics;
  using System.Management.Automation;
  using System.Management.Automation.Runspaces;
  using PowerShell = System.Management.Automation.PowerShell;

  #region GetProcCommand

  /// <summary>
  /// Class that implements the GetProcCommand.
  /// </summary>
  [Cmdlet(VerbsCommon.Get, "Proc")]
  public class GetProcCommand : Cmdlet
    #region Cmdlet Overrides

    /// <summary>
    /// For each of the requested process names, retrieve and write
    /// the associated processes.
    /// </summary>
    protected override void ProcessRecord()
      // Get the current processes.
      Process[] processes = Process.GetProcesses();

      // Write the processes to the pipeline making them available
      // to the next cmdlet. The second argument (true) tells the 
      // system to enumerate the array, and send one process object 
      // at a time to the pipeline.
      WriteObject(processes, true);

    #endregion Overrides
  } // End GetProcCommand class.

  #endregion GetProcCommand

  /// <summary>
  /// This class contains the Main entry point for this host application.
  /// </summary>
  internal class Runspace10
    /// <summary>
    /// This sample shows how to create a default initial session state, how to add 
    /// add a cmdlet to the InitialSessionState object, and then how to create 
    /// a Runspace object.
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="args">Parameter is not used.</param>
    /// This sample demonstrates:
    /// 1. Creating an InitialSessionState object.
    /// 2. Adding a cmdlet to the InitialSessionState object.
    /// 3. Creating a runspace that uses the InitialSessionState object.
    /// 4. Creating a PowerShell object that uses the Runspace object.
    /// 5. Running the added command synchronously.
    /// 6. Working with PSObject objects to extract properties 
    ///    from the objects returned by the pipeline.
    private static void Main(string[] args)
      // Create a default InitialSessionState object. The default 
      // InitialSessionState object contains all the elements provided 
      // by Windows PowerShell.
      InitialSessionState iss = InitialSessionState.CreateDefault();

      // Add the get-proc cmdlet to the InitialSessionState object.
      SessionStateCmdletEntry ssce = new SessionStateCmdletEntry("get-proc", typeof(GetProcCommand), null);

      // Create a Runspace object that uses the InitialSessionState object. 
      // Notice that no PSHost object is specified, so the default host is used. 
      // See the Hosting samples for information on creating your own custom host.
      using (Runspace myRunSpace = RunspaceFactory.CreateRunspace(iss))

        using (PowerShell powershell = PowerShell.Create())
          powershell.Runspace = myRunSpace;

          // Add the get-proc cmdlet to the pipeline of the PowerShell object.

          Collection<PSObject> results = powershell.Invoke();

          Console.WriteLine("Process              HandleCount");

          // Display the output of the pipeline.
          foreach (PSObject result in results)
                               "{0,-20} {1}",

        // Close the runspace to release resources.

      System.Console.WriteLine("Hit any key to exit...");