GetDpiForMonitor function

Queries the dots per inch (dpi) of a display.


  _In_  HMONITOR         hmonitor,
  _In_  MONITOR_DPI_TYPE dpiType,
  _Out_ UINT             *dpiX,
  _Out_ UINT             *dpiY


hmonitor [in]

Handle of the monitor being queried.

dpiType [in]

The type of DPI being queried. Possible values are from the MONITOR_DPI_TYPE enumeration.

*dpiX [out]

The value of the DPI along the X axis. This value always refers to the horizontal edge, even when the screen is rotated.

*dpiY [out]

The value of the DPI along the Y axis. This value always refers to the vertical edge, even when the screen is rotated.

Return value

This function returns one of the following values.

Return codeDescription

The function successfully returns the X and Y DPI values for the specified monitor.


The handle, DPI type, or pointers passed in are not valid.



This API is not DPI aware and should not be used if the calling thread is per-monitor DPI aware. For the DPI-aware version of this API, see GetDpiForWindow.

When you call GetDpiForMonitor, you will receive different DPI values depending on the DPI awareness of the calling application. DPI awareness is an application-level property usually defined in the application manifest. For more information about DPI awareness values, see PROCESS_DPI_AWARENESS. The following table indicates how the results will differ based on the PROCESS_DPI_AWARENESS value of your application.

PROCESS_DPI_UNAWARE96 because the app is unaware of any other scale factors.
PROCESS_SYSTEM_DPI_AWAREA value set to the system DPI because the app assumes all applications use the system DPI.
PROCESS_PER_MONITOR_DPI_AWAREThe actual DPI value set by the user for that display.


The values of *dpiX and *dpiY are identical. You only need to record one of the values to determine the DPI and respond appropriately.

When MONITOR_DPI_TYPE is MDT_ANGULAR_DPI or MDT_RAW_DPI, the returned DPI value does not include any changes that the user made to the DPI by using the desktop scaling override slider control in Control Panel.

For more information about DPI settings in Control Panel, see the Writing DPI-Aware Desktop Applications in Windows 8.1 Preview white paper.


Minimum supported client

Windows 8.1 [desktop apps only]

Minimum supported server

Windows Server 2012 R2 [desktop apps only]







See also