Accessing the Library Programmatically

In code, the library is represented by the MediaCollection object (or the IWMPMediaCollection interface). Media items are represented as Media objects (or by the IWMPMedia interface). Playlist items are represented as Playlist objects (or by the IWMPPlaylist interface). For simplicity, this section will simply refer to object names, when possible.

By using the MediaCollection object, you can work with media items and playlists. The library also exposes the PlaylistCollection object (or the IWMPPlaylistCollection interface), which provides some functionality specific to working with playlists. Most of the time, the MediaCollection object will provide you with the functionality you need, even when working with playlists. For more information about working with media items, see Managing Media Items. For more information about working with playlists, see Managing Playlists.

Adding Media Items to the Library

Adding digital media content to the library is straightforward. Simply call the MediaCollection.add method, providing the path to the media file as an argument.

Retrieving Media Items from the Library

When you retrieve media items from the library, what you really retrieve is a playlist. Even if you expect to retrieve only one media item, you will get a Playlist object containing a single item, which will be associated with index zero. For example, if you want to retrieve a Media object that represents the song named "Jeanne", you could use the following JScript code:

// Retrieve media named Jeanne from the library.
var playlist = player.mediaCollection.getByName("Jeanne");

The preceding code retrieves a playlist containing all the media items having the name "Jeanne" as the title. For this example, assume that you know there is only one song by that name in the library (note that the library supports multiple songs having the same name). This means you could expect the count of items in the playlist you retrieved to equal one and the media item would be represented by index zero. The following example code continues the previous example to demonstrate how you would retrieve the media item from the playlist by using the Playlist.item method.

// Retrieve the individual media item from the playlist.
var media = playlist.item(0);

For more information about retrieving media items from playlists, see Playlists and Media Items in the Player Control Guide.

Retrieving Metadata from a Media Item

After you retrieve a Media object, you can read the attribute values associated with the content. In the simplest case, you might simply want to know a single value, such as the name of the artist who performed a music track. The following JScript example shows how to use the Media.getItemInfo method to retrieve the name of the artist from the media retrieved in the previous example:

// Retrieve the artist name string.
var author = media.getItemInfo("Artist");

A media item can have many different attributes, and working with metadata is not always as straightforward as the simple case shown in the previous example. For instance, some attributes can contain multiple values or have values in more than one language. For more information about working with metadata, see Media Item Attributes. For more information about the various attributes, their meanings, and file type support, see the Attribute Reference.

Removing Media Items from the Library

Removing digital media content from the library is also straightforward. Simply call MediaCollection.remove, providing the Media object that represents the item as the first argument and the value true as the second. The following JScript example removes the file named Jeanne (retrieved in the previous example) from the library:

// Remove Jeanne from the library.
playst.mediaCollection.remove(media, true);

Related topics

About the Library
About the MediaCollection and Media Objects
About the Playlist, PlaylistCollection, and PlaylistArray Objects
Working with the Library