Windows Dev Center

ISyncMgrHandler::Synchronize method

Initiates a synchronization of a selection of the handler's sync items.

Syntax


HRESULT Synchronize(
  [in] LPCWSTR                *ppszItemIDs,
  [in] ULONG                  cItems,
  [in] HWND                   hwndOwner,
  [in] ISyncMgrSessionCreator *pSessionCreator,
  [in] IUnknown               *punk
);

Parameters

ppszItemIDs [in]

Type: LPCWSTR*

A pointer to an array of item IDs representing the items to be synchronized. Each item ID is of maximum length MAX_SYNCMGR_ID including the terminating null character.

cItems [in]

Type: ULONG

The number of items in ppszItemIDs.

hwndOwner [in]

Type: HWND

A handle to the window that the item uses to display any necessary UI. This value can be NULL.

pSessionCreator [in]

Type: ISyncMgrSessionCreator*

A pointer to an ISyncMgrSessionCreator interface. This interface enables the handler itself to report progress and events, or to signal a background process to report progress and events.

punk [in]

Type: IUnknown*

A pointer to an interface to be passed to ISyncMgrControl. ISyncMgrHandler::Synchronize is called either when a user requests a synchronization from the Sync Center folder or when one of the ISyncMgrControl synchronize methods is called, such as StartSyncAll.

Return value

Type: HRESULT

If this method succeeds, it returns S_OK. Otherwise, it returns an HRESULT error code.

Remarks

ISyncMgrHandler::Synchronize is called on its own thread. Sync Center instantiates the handler object and the session creator object on that thread and then calls this method.

The handler can create the session itself by calling the CreateSession method or it can signal an external process to perform the synchronization. If the handler creates the session, it should not return from the ISyncMgrHandler::Synchronize method until synchronization is complete. If the handler delegates synchronization to an external process, the external process should use CoCreateInstance to create the CLSID_SyncMgrClient object, specifying the ISyncMgrSessionCreator interface. The process then creates the session so that it can report progress.

A user may elect to stop synchronization on an item or handler. An application can also stop synchronization by calling one of the stop methods on the ISyncMgrControl interface, such as StopItemSync. The following mechanisms are provided to support these scenarios.

If the user asks to sync additional items after the ISyncMgrHandler::Synchronize method has been called, the handler can sync the new items in the same session by querying for them through the QueryForAdditionalItems method on the callback. If they choose to sync an item they queried for, they can then call AddItemToSession.

Some handlers will not enumerate an item until it has been synchronized. If the handler discovers such items during a synchronization, it can inform Sync Center about them through the session. For example, if the handler discovers an item to add to the sync set, it calls ProposeItem. Once the item has been successfully created, the handler calls CommitItem. At that point, Sync Center adds it to the list of items that it is tracking for the handler.

The ISyncMgrHandler::Synchronize method is analogous to a combination of the older PrepareForSync and Synchronize methods. In the case of the older interface, Sync Center called PrepareForSync immediately followed by Synchronize. The ISyncMgrHandler::Synchronize method provides the functionality of these two methods into a single call.

Another difference between ISyncMgrHandler::Synchronize and Synchronize is that the older method was expected to perform the synchronization asynchronously. Synchronize queued the request in one or more external threads and then returned. It then called SynchronizeCompleted once it had finished synchronizing all items. ISyncMgrHandler::Synchronize supports a synchronous model for in-proc (foreground) synchronization or an asynchronous model for out-of-proc (background) synchronization.

Examples

The following example shows an implementation of this method.


STDMETHODIMP CMyDeviceHandler::Synchronize(__in_ecount(cItems) LPCWSTR *ppszItemIDs,
                              __in ULONG                   cItems,
                              __in HWND                    hwndOwner,
                              __in ISyncMgrSessionCreator *pCreator,
                              __in_opt IUnknown           *punk)
{
    HRESULT hr = S_OK;

    // Create the session since we are going to perform synchronization in
    // this method.
    ISyncMgrSyncCallback *pCallback = NULL;
    
    hr = pCreator->CreateSession(_szHandlerID, ppszItemIDs, cItems,&pCallback);
    if (SUCCEEDED(hr))
    {
        for (ULONG iItem = 0; iItem < cItems; iItem++)
        {
            SYNCMGR_CANCEL_REQUEST nCancelRequest = SYNCMGR_CR_NONE;
            ULONG   uCurrentStep = 1;
            ULONG   cMaxSteps    = 50;
            LPCWSTR pszItemID    = ppszItemIDs[iItem];
            WCHAR   szProgressText[256];

            // Find the item.
            CMyDeviceSyncItem *pItem = NULL;
            
            // _FindItem is a private class function that abstracts the
            // specifics of how the handler has implemented its storage of 
            // its items. Its internal details can remain transparent as 
            // they have no bearing on this example.
            hr = _FindItem(pszItemID, &pItem);
            if (FAILED(hr))
            {
                // _ReportProgress is another private class function that loads
                // string resources so that reports can be localized rather 
                // than use hard-coded strings. Its internal details have no 
                // bearing on this example.
                _ReportProgress(pCallback, 
                                pszItemID, 
                                IDS_ITEM_NOTFOUND,
                                SYNCMGR_PS_FAILED, 
                                0, 
                                0, 
                                &nCancelRequest);

                if (nCancelRequest != SYNCMGR_CR_NONE)
                {
                    break;
                }
                continue;
            }

            // Send the initial progress report to set min and max values.
            _ReportProgress(pCallback, 
                            pszItemID, 
                            IDS_START_ITEM_SYNC,
                            SYNCMGR_PS_UPDATING, 
                            uCurrentStep, 
                            cMaxSteps,
                            &nCancelRequest);

            for (; uCurrentStep < cMaxSteps; uCurrentStep++)
            {
                if (nCancelRequest != SYNCMGR_CR_NONE)
                {
                    break;
                }

                // Report progress.
                StringCchPrintfW(szProgressText, 
                                 ARRAYSIZE(szProgressText),
                                 L"Entry %d of %d", 
                                 uCurrentStep + 1, 
                                 cMaxSteps);

                pCallback->ReportProgress(pszItemID, 
                                          szProgressText,
                                          SYNCMGR_PS_UPDATING,
                                          uCurrentStep, 
                                          cMaxSteps,
                                          &nCancelRequest);

                // The code that accomplishes the synchronization goes here.
                // This code depends entirely on the nature of the items
                // involved in the sync. 
            }

            // Send the final progress report for this item.
            if (nCancelRequest != SYNCMGR_CR_NONE);
            {
                SYNCMGR_PROGRESS_STATUS nStatus = SYNCMGR_PS_SUCCEEDED;
                if (FAILED(hr))
                {
                    nStatus = SYNCMGR_PS_FAILED;
                }
                _ReportProgress(pCallback, 
                                ppszItemIDs[iItem], 
                                IDS_ITEM_SYNC_DONE,
                                nStatus, 
                                uCurrentStep - 1, 
                                cMaxSteps, 
                                &nCancelRequest);
            }

            hr = S_OK;

            if (nCancelRequest == SYNCMGR_CR_CANCEL_ALL)
            {
                 break;
            }
        }

        pCallback->Release();
    }

    return hr;
}


Requirements

Minimum supported client

Windows Vista [desktop apps only]

Minimum supported server

Windows Server 2008 [desktop apps only]

Header

Syncmgr.h

IDL

Syncmgr.idl

 

 

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