AppIDFlags

A set of flags that control the activation behavior of a COM server.

Registry Entry

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Classes\AppID
   {AppID_GUID}
      AppIDFlags = flags

Remarks

This is a REG_DWORD value.

Flag ValueConstant
0x1APPIDREGFLAGS_ACTIVATE_IUSERVER_INDESKTOP
0x2APPIDREGFLAGS_SECURE_SERVER_PROCESS_SD_AND_BIND
0x4APPIDREGFLAGS_ISSUE_ACTIVATION_RPC_AT_IDENTIFY

 

APPIDREGFLAGS_ACTIVATE_IUSERVER_INDESKTOP Description

If the APPIDREGFLAGS_ACTIVATE_IUSERVER_INDESKTOP flag is cleared in AppIDFlags or if AppIDFlags is not present, the client in a terminal server session making an activation request for an Interactive User COM server, will either bind to, or launch and bind to, the COM server in the "default" desktop of the "winsta0" window station of the session in the activation request. For example, if the client is running "winsta0\desktop1" of session 3, the activation request for session 3 will either bind to, or launch and bind to, the COM server in "winsta0\default" of session 3, even if an instance of the COM server is already running in "winsta0\desktop1" of session 3.

If the APPIDREGFLAGS_ACTIVATE_IUSERVER_INDESKTOP flag is set in the AppIDFlags value, COM will either bind to, or launch and bind to, the server process running in the client's desktop and the session in the activation request. For example, if the client is running "winsta0\desktop1" in session 3, the activation request for session 3 will either bind to, or launch and bind to, the COM server in "winsta0\desktop1" in session 3, even if an instance of the COM server is already running in "winsta0\default" in session 3.

The client can use the session moniker to specify a session different than the client's session when it makes the activation request.

The APPIDREGFLAGS_ACTIVATE_IUSERVER_INDESKTOP flag applies only to COM servers that are configured to RunAs "Interactive User".

APPIDREGFLAGS_SECURE_SERVER_PROCESS_SD_AND_BIND Description

If the APPIDREGFLAGS_SECURE_SERVER_PROCESS_SD_AND_BIND flag is set in AppIDFlags, COM servers that are configured to RunAs "Activator" will be launched with a process security descriptor that allows PROCESS_ALL_ACCESS to the LogonID SID of the process token. In addition, the owner of the security descriptor will be set to the LogonID SID of the process token.

If the APPIDREGFLAGS_SECURE_SERVER_PROCESS_SD_AND_BIND flag is set in AppIDFlags, COM servers that are configured to RunAs "This User" will be launched with a process security descriptor that allows PROCESS_ALL_ACCESS in the LogonID SID of the process token. In addition, the owner of the security descriptor will be set to the LogonID SID of the process token. Further, the COM Service Control Manager (SCM) modifies the token of the COM server process as follows:

  • It adds an APPID SID to the token. It grants the APPID SID full access in the token default discretionary access control list (DACL). In Windows Vista and later versions of Windows, it grants the OwnerRights SID READ_CONTROL permission in the token default DACL. In pre-Windows Vista versions of Windows, it sets the token owner to the APPID SID.

The following security considerations must be taken into account when using the APPIDREGFLAGS_SECURE_SERVER_PROCESS_SD_AND_BIND flag:

  • The APPIDREGFLAGS_SECURE_SERVER_PROCESS_SD_AND_BIND flag is meant to be set by COM servers that are launched under one of the built-in service security contexts; either the NetworkService or the LocalService accounts. If the servers impersonate privileged clients and if the APPIDREGFLAGS_SECURE_SERVER_PROCESS_SD_AND_BIND flag is not set, malicious code running in other processes with the same security context can elevate privilege by hijacking the impersonation tokens of the privileged clients from the COM server process.
  • When the APPIDREGFLAGS_SECURE_SERVER_PROCESS_SD_AND_BIND flag is set, COM hardens the security descriptor of the process object in the case of RunAs "Activator" COM servers. For such servers, the COM client is expected to harden the token that it uses for the COM activation.
  • When the APPIDREGFLAGS_SECURE_SERVER_PROCESS_SD_AND_BIND flag is set, COM hardens the security descriptor of the process object in the case of RunAs "This User" COM servers. It also hardens the process token of the COM server since the COM SCM is the entity that creates the token.

The APPIDREGFLAGS_SECURE_SERVER_PROCESS_SD_AND_BIND flag is supported in Windows XP, Windows Server 2003, Windows Vista, and Windows Server 2008 only when the MSRC8322 patch (security bulletin MS09-012) is applied. It is natively supported in Windows 7 and later versions of Windows.

The APPIDREGFLAGS_SECURE_SERVER_PROCESS_SD_AND_BIND flag applies only to COM servers that are configured to RunAs "Activator" or "This User". It does not apply to COM servers that are NT services.

APPIDREGFLAGS_ISSUE_ACTIVATION_RPC_AT_IDENTIFY Description

If the APPIDREGFLAGS_ISSUE_ACTIVATION_RPC_AT_IDENTIFY flag is set in AppIDFlags, the COM SCM will issue object activation requests to the COM server process using an impersonation level of RPC_C_IMP_LEVEL_IDENTIFY.

If the APPIDREGFLAGS_ISSUE_ACTIVATION_RPC_AT_IDENTIFY flag is not set, the COM SCM will issue object activation requests to the COM server processes using an impersonation level of RPC_C_IMP_LEVEL_IMPERSONATE.

The following security considerations must be taken into account when using the APPIDREGFLAGS_ISSUE_ACTIVATION_RPC_AT_IDENTIFY flag:

  • The APPIDREGFLAGS_ISSUE_ACTIVATION_RPC_AT_IDENTIFY flag is meant to be used by COM servers that do not perform work on behalf of clients in object activation requests. For such servers, having the COM SCM issue object activation requests at RPC_C_IMP_LEVEL_IDENTIFY minimizes the chances of privileged tokens with SE_IMPERSONATE_NAME level appearing in the process.

The APPIDREGFLAGS_ISSUE_ACTIVATION_RPC_AT_IDENTIFY flag is supported in Windows 7 and later versions of Windows.

Related topics

Desktops
Impersonation Levels
Interactive User
Session Monikers
Window Stations

 

 

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