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D3DXVec3Hermite function

Performs a Hermite spline interpolation, using the specified 3D vectors.

Syntax


D3DXVECTOR3* D3DXVec3Hermite(
  _Inout_       D3DXVECTOR3 *pOut,
  _In_    const D3DXVECTOR3 *pV1,
  _In_    const D3DXVECTOR3 *pT1,
  _In_    const D3DXVECTOR3 *pV2,
  _In_    const D3DXVECTOR3 *pT2,
  _In_          FLOAT       s
);

Parameters

pOut [in, out]

Type: D3DXVECTOR3*

Pointer to the D3DXVECTOR3 that is the result of the operation.

pV1 [in]

Type: const D3DXVECTOR3*

Pointer to a source D3DXVECTOR3 structure, a position vector.

pT1 [in]

Type: const D3DXVECTOR3*

Pointer to a source D3DXVECTOR3 structure, a tangent vector.

pV2 [in]

Type: const D3DXVECTOR3*

Pointer to a source D3DXVECTOR3 structure, a position vector.

pT2 [in]

Type: const D3DXVECTOR3*

Pointer to a source D3DXVECTOR3 structure, a tangent vector.

s [in]

Type: FLOAT

Weighting factor. See Remarks.

Return value

Type: D3DXVECTOR3*

Pointer to a D3DXVECTOR3 structure that is the result of the Hermite spline interpolation.

Remarks

The D3DXVec3Hermite function interpolates from (positionA, tangentA) to (positionB, tangentB) using Hermite spline interpolation.

The spline interpolation is a generalization of the ease-in, ease-out spline. The ramp is a function of Q(s) with the following properties.

Q(s) = As³ + Bs² + Cs + D (and therefore, Q'(s) = 3As² + 2Bs + C)

a) Q(0) = v1, so Q'(0) = t1

b) Q(1) = v2, so Q'(1) = t2

v1 is the contents of pV1, v2 in the contents of pV2, t1 is the contents of pT1, and t2 is the contents of pT2.

These properties are used to solve for A, B, C, D.



D = v1  (from a)
C = t1  (from a)
3A + 2B = t2 - t1 (substituting for C)
A + B = v2 - v1 - t1 (substituting for C and D)


Plug in the solutions for A,B,C and D to generate Q(s).



A = 2v1 - 2v2 + t2 + t1 
B = 3v2 - 3v1 - 2t1 - t2
C = t1 
D = v1


This yields:

Q(s) = (2v1 - 2v2 + t2 + t1)s³ + (3v2 - 3v1 - 2t1 - t2)s² + t1s + v1

Which can be rearranged as:

Q(s) = (2s³ - 3s² + 1)v1 + (-2s³ + 3s²)v2 + (s³ - 2s² + s)t1 + (s³ - s²)t2

Hermite splines are useful for controlling animation because the curve runs through all the control points. Also, because the position and tangent are explicitly specified at the ends of each segment, it is easy to create a C2 continuous curve as long as you make sure that your starting position and tangent match the ending values of the last segment.

The return value for this function is the same value returned in the pOut parameter. In this way, the D3DXVec3Hermite function can be used as a parameter for another function.

Requirements

Header

D3DX10Math.h

See also

Math Functions

 

 

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