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IADsContainer::MoveHere method

The IADsContainer::MoveHere method moves a specified object to the container that implements this interface. The method can be used to rename an object.

Syntax


HRESULT MoveHere(
  [in]  BSTR      bstrSourceObject,
  [in]  BSTR      bstrNewName,
  [out] IDispatch **ppbstrNewObject
);

Parameters

bstrSourceObject [in]

The null-terminated Unicode string that specifies the ADsPath of the object to be moved.

bstrNewName [in]

The null-terminated Unicode string that specifies the relative name of the new object within the container. This can be NULL, in which case the object is moved. If it is not NULL, the object is renamed accordingly in the process.

ppbstrNewObject [out]

Pointer to a pointer to the IDispatch interface on the moved object.

Return value

This method supports standard return values, including S_OK, for a successful operation. For more information about error codes, see ADSI Error Codes.

Remarks

In Active Directory, you can move an object within the same domain or from different domains in the same directory forest. For the cross domain move, the following restrictions apply:

  • The destination domain must be in the native mode.
  • Objects to be moved must be a leaf object or an empty container.
  • NT LAN Manager (NTLM) cannot perform authentication; use Kerberos authentication or delegation. Be aware that if Kerberos authentication is not used, the password transmits in plaintext over the network. To avoid this, use delegation with secure authentication.
  • You cannot move security principals (for example, user, group, computer, and so on) belonging to a global group. When a security principal is moved, a new SID is created for the object at the destination. However, its old SID from the source, stored in the sIDHistory attribute, is preserved, as well as the password of the object.
Note  Use the Movetree.exe utility to move a subtree among different domains. To move objects from a source domain to a destination domain using the Movetree command-line tool, you must connect to the domain controller holding the source domain's RID master role. If the RID master is unavailable then objects cannot be moved to other domains. If you attempt to move an object from one domain to another using the Movetree tool and you specify a source domain controller that is not the RID master, a nonspecific "Movetree failed" error message results.
Note  When using the ADsOpenObject function to bind to an ADSI object, you must use the ADS_USE_DELEGATION flag of the ADS_AUTHENTICATION_ENUM in the dwReserved parameter of this function in order to create cross-domain moves with IADsContainer::MoveHere. The ADsOpenObject function is equivalent to the IADsOpenDSObject::OpenDsObject method. Likewise, using the OpenDsObject method to bind to an ADSI object, the InReserved parameter of this method must contain the ADS_USE_DELEGATION flag of the ADS_AUTHENTICATION_ENUM in order to make cross-domain moves with IADsContainer::MoveHere.

The following code example moves the user, "jeffsmith" from the "South.Fabrikam.Com" domain to the "North.Fabrikam.Com" domain. First, it gets an IADsContainer pointer to the destination container, then the MoveHere call specifies the path of the object to move.


Set ou = GetObject("LDAP://server1/OU=Support,DC=North,DC=Fabrikam,DC=COM")
ou.MoveHere("LDAP://server2/CN=jeffsmith,OU=Sales,DC=South,DC=Fabrikam,DC=Com", vbNullString)

A serverless ADsPath can be used for either the source or the destination or both.

The IADsContainer::MoveHere method can be used either to rename an object within the same container or to move an object among different containers. Moving an object retains the object RDN, whereas renaming an object alters the RDN.

For example, the following code example performs the rename action.


set cont = GetObject("LDAP://dc=dom,dc=com")
set newobj = cont.MoveHere("LDAP://cn=Jeff Smith,dc=dom,dc=com", "cn=Denise Smith")

The following code example performs the move.


set cont = GetObject("LDAP://dc=dom,dc=com")
set newobj = cont.MoveHere("LDAP://cn=jeffsmith,ou=sales,dc=dom,dc=com", "cn=jeffsmith")

In Visual Basic applications, you can pass vbNullString as the second parameter when moving an object from one container to another.


Set newobj =  cont.MoveHere("LDAP://cn=jeffsmith,ou=sale,dc=dom,dc=com", vbNullString)

However, you cannot do the same with VBScript. This is because VBScript maps vbNullString to an empty string instead of to a null string, as does Visual Basic. You must use the RDN explicitly, as shown in the previous example.

Note  The WinNT provider supports IADsContainer::MoveHere, but only for renaming users & groups within a domain. The NWCOMPAT system provider does not support IADsContainer::MoveHere.

Examples

The following code example shows how to use this method to rename an object.


Dim cont As IADsContainer
Dim usr As IADsUser

On Error GoTo Cleanup
' Rename an object.
Set cont = GetObject("LDAP://OU=Sales, DC=Fabrikam,DC=com")
Set usr = cont.MoveHere("LDAP://CN=jeffsmith,OU=Sales, DC=Fabrikam,DC=com", "CN=jayhenningsen")
 
' Move an object.
cont.MoveHere("LDAP://CN=denisesmith,OU=Engineer,DC=Fabrikam,DC=com", vbNullString)

Cleanup:
    If (Err.Number<>0) Then
        MsgBox("An error has occurred. " & Err.Number)
    End If
    Set cont = Nothing
    Set usr = Nothing


The following code example moves a user object using the IADsContainer::MoveHere method.


/////////////////////////////////////////////
// First, bind to the destination container.
////////////////////////////////////////////
HRESULT hr;
IADsContainer *pCont=NULL;
CoInitialize(NULL);
hr = ADsGetObject(
        L"LDAP://OU=MCS,DC=windows2000,DC=mytest,DC=fabrikam,DC=com",
        IID_IADsContainer,
        (void**) &pCont );
 
if ( !SUCCEEDED(hr) )
{
    goto Cleanup;
}
 
//////////////////////////////////////////////////
// Second, move the object to the bound container.
//////////////////////////////////////////////////
IDispatch *pDisp=NULL;
 
hr = pCont->MoveHere(CComBSTR("LDAP://CN=Jeff Smith,OU=DSys,DC=windows2000,DC=mytest,DC=fabrikam,DC=com"), NULL, &pDisp );
pCont->Release();
 
if (SUCCEEDED(hr) )
{ 
// You can perform another operation here, such as updating attributes.
pDisp->Release();
}

Cleanup:
    if(pCont)
        pCont->Release(); 

    if(pDisp)
        pDisp->Release();

    CoUninitialize();

Requirements

Minimum supported client

Windows Vista

Minimum supported server

Windows Server 2003

Header

Iads.h

DLL

Activeds.dll

IID

IID_IADsContainer is defined as 001677D0-FD16-11CE-ABC4-02608C9E7553

See also

ADSI Error Codes
ADsOpenObject
ADS_AUTHENTICATION_ENUM
IADsContainer
IADsContainer::CopyHere
IADsOpenDSObject::OpenDsObject
IDispatch

 

 

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