Encoding and Decoding a Hashed Message
Hashed data consists of content of any type and a hash of the content. It can be used when it is only necessary to confirm that the message content has not been modified since the hash was created.
When creating a hashed message, there can be multiple hash algorithms and multiple hashes. The following illustration depicts the tasks required to encode a hashed message. The procedure is described in the text that follows the illustration.
To create a hashed message
- Get a pointer to the data to be hashed.
- Select the hash algorithm to be used.
- Put the data through a hashing function using the hash algorithm.
- Include the original data to be hashed, the hashing algorithms, and the hashes in the encoded message.
To use low-level message functions to accomplish the tasks just outlined, use the following procedure.
To hash and encode a message using low-level message functions
- Create or retrieve the content to be hashed.
- Get a cryptographic provider.
- Initialize the CMSG_HASHED_ENCODE_INFO structure.
- Call CryptMsgCalculateEncodedLength to get the size of the encoded message BLOB. Allocate memory for it.
- Call CryptMsgOpenToEncode, passing in CMSG_HASHED for the dwMsgType parameter and a pointer to CMSG_HASHED_ENCODE_INFO for the pvMsgEncodeInfo parameter. As a result of this call, you get a handle to the opened message.
- Call CryptMsgUpdate, passing in the handle retrieved in step 5 and a pointer to the data that is to be hashed and encoded. This function can be called as many times as necessary to complete the encoding process.
CryptMsgGetParam, passing in the handle retrieved in step 5 and the appropriate parameter types to access the desired, encoded data. For example, pass in CMSG_CONTENT_PARAM to get a pointer to the entire PKCS #7 message.
If the result of this encoding is to be used as the inner data for another encoded message, such as an enveloped message, CMSG_BARE_CONTENT_PARAM must be passed. For an example showing this, see Alternate Code for Encoding an Enveloped Message.
- Close the message by calling CryptMsgClose.
The following two procedures decode and then verify hashed data.
To decode hashed data
- Get a pointer to the encoded BLOB.
- Call CryptMsgOpenToDecode, passing the necessary arguments.
- Call CryptMsgUpdate once, passing in the handle retrieved in step 2 and a pointer to the data that is to be decoded. This causes the appropriate actions to be taken on the message, depending on the message type.
- Call CryptMsgGetParam, passing in the handle retrieved in step 2, and the appropriate parameter types to access the desired, decoded data. For example, pass in CMSG_CONTENT_PARAM to get a pointer to the decoded content.
To verify the hash
- Call CryptMsgControl, passing in CMSG_CTRL_VERIFY_HASH to verify the hashes.
- Call CryptMsgClose to close the message.
For an example program, see Example C Program: Encoding and Decoding a Hashed Message.