USER_INFO_4 structure

The USER_INFO_4 structure contains information about a user account, including the account name, password data, privilege level, the path to the user's home directory, security identifier (SID), and other user-related network statistics.

Syntax


typedef struct _USER_INFO_4 {
  LPWSTR usri4_name;
  LPWSTR usri4_password;
  DWORD  usri4_password_age;
  DWORD  usri4_priv;
  LPWSTR usri4_home_dir;
  LPWSTR usri4_comment;
  DWORD  usri4_flags;
  LPWSTR usri4_script_path;
  DWORD  usri4_auth_flags;
  LPWSTR usri4_full_name;
  LPWSTR usri4_usr_comment;
  LPWSTR usri4_parms;
  LPWSTR usri4_workstations;
  DWORD  usri4_last_logon;
  DWORD  usri4_last_logoff;
  DWORD  usri4_acct_expires;
  DWORD  usri4_max_storage;
  DWORD  usri4_units_per_week;
  PBYTE  usri4_logon_hours;
  DWORD  usri4_bad_pw_count;
  DWORD  usri4_num_logons;
  LPWSTR usri4_logon_server;
  DWORD  usri4_country_code;
  DWORD  usri4_code_page;
  PSID   usri4_user_sid;
  DWORD  usri4_primary_group_id;
  LPWSTR usri4_profile;
  LPWSTR usri4_home_dir_drive;
  DWORD  usri4_password_expired;
} USER_INFO_4, *PUSER_INFO_4, *LPUSER_INFO_4;

Members

usri4_name

Type: LPWSTR

A pointer to a Unicode string that specifies the name of the user account. For the NetUserSetInfo function, this member is ignored.

usri4_password

Type: LPWSTR

A pointer to a Unicode string that specifies the password for the user identified by the usri4_name member. The length cannot exceed PWLEN bytes. The NetUserGetInfo function returns a NULL pointer to maintain password security.

By convention, the length of passwords is limited to LM20_PWLEN characters.

usri4_password_age

Type: DWORD

The number of seconds that have elapsed since the usri4_password member was last changed. The NetUserAdd and NetUserSetInfo functions ignore this member.

usri4_priv

Type: DWORD

The level of privilege assigned to the usri4_name member. The NetUserAdd and NetUserSetInfo functions ignore this member. This member can be one of the following values. For more information about user and group account rights, see Privileges.

ValueMeaning
USER_PRIV_GUEST

Guest

USER_PRIV_USER

User

USER_PRIV_ADMIN

Administrator

 

usri4_home_dir

Type: LPWSTR

A pointer to a Unicode string specifying the path of the home directory of the user specified by the usri4_name member. The string can be NULL.

usri4_comment

Type: LPWSTR

A pointer to a Unicode string that contains a comment to associate with the user account. The string can be a NULL string, or it can have any number of characters before the terminating null character.

usri4_flags

Type: DWORD

This member can be one or more of the following values. Note that setting user account control flags may require certain privileges and control access rights. For more information, see the Remarks section of the NetUserSetInfo function.

ValueMeaning
UF_SCRIPT

The logon script executed. This value must be set.

UF_ACCOUNTDISABLE

The user's account is disabled.

UF_HOMEDIR_REQUIRED

The home directory is required. This value is ignored.

UF_PASSWD_NOTREQD

No password is required.

UF_PASSWD_CANT_CHANGE

The user cannot change the password.

UF_LOCKOUT

The account is currently locked out. You can call the NetUserSetInfo function to clear this value and unlock a previously locked account. You cannot use this value to lock a previously unlocked account.

UF_DONT_EXPIRE_PASSWD

The password should never expire on the account.

UF_ENCRYPTED_TEXT_PASSWORD_ALLOWED

The user's password is stored under reversible encryption in the Active Directory.

UF_NOT_DELEGATED

Marks the account as "sensitive"; other users cannot act as delegates of this user account.

UF_SMARTCARD_REQUIRED

Requires the user to log on to the user account with a smart card.

UF_USE_DES_KEY_ONLY

Restrict this principal to use only Data Encryption Standard (DES) encryption types for keys.

UF_DONT_REQUIRE_PREAUTH

This account does not require Kerberos preauthentication for logon.

UF_TRUSTED_FOR_DELEGATION

The account is enabled for delegation. This is a security-sensitive setting; accounts with this option enabled should be tightly controlled. This setting allows a service running under the account to assume a client's identity and authenticate as that user to other remote servers on the network.

UF_PASSWORD_EXPIRED

The user's password has expired.

Windows 2000:  This value is ignored.

UF_TRUSTED_TO_AUTHENTICATE_FOR_DELEGATION

The account is trusted to authenticate a user outside of the Kerberos security package and delegate that user through constrained delegation. This is a security-sensitive setting; accounts with this option enabled should be tightly controlled. This setting allows a service running under the account to assert a client's identity and authenticate as that user to specifically configured services on the network.

Windows XP/2000:  This value is ignored.

 

The following values describe the account type. Only one value can be set. You cannot change the account type using the NetUserSetInfo function.

ValueMeaning
UF_NORMAL_ACCOUNT

This is a default account type that represents a typical user.

UF_TEMP_DUPLICATE_ACCOUNT

This is an account for users whose primary account is in another domain. This account provides user access to this domain, but not to any domain that trusts this domain. The User Manager refers to this account type as a local user account.

UF_WORKSTATION_TRUST_ACCOUNT

This is a computer account for a computer that is a member of this domain.

UF_SERVER_TRUST_ACCOUNT

This is a computer account for a backup domain controller that is a member of this domain.

UF_INTERDOMAIN_TRUST_ACCOUNT

This is a permit to trust account for a domain that trusts other domains.

 

usri4_script_path

Type: LPWSTR

A pointer to a Unicode string specifying the path for the user's logon script file. The script file can be a .CMD file, an .EXE file, or a .BAT file. The string can also be NULL.

usri4_auth_flags

Type: DWORD

The user's operator privileges.

For the NetUserGetInfo function, the appropriate value is returned based on the local group membership. If the user is a member of Print Operators, AF_OP_PRINT is set. If the user is a member of Server Operators, AF_OP_SERVER is set. If the user is a member of the Account Operators, AF_OP_ACCOUNTS is set. AF_OP_COMM is never set.

The NetUserAdd and NetUserSetInfo functions ignore this member.

This member can be one or more of the following values.

ValueMeaning
AF_OP_PRINT

The print operator privilege is enabled.

AF_OP_COMM

The communications operator privilege is enabled.

AF_OP_SERVER

The server operator privilege is enabled.

AF_OP_ACCOUNTS

The accounts operator privilege is enabled.

 

usri4_full_name

Type: LPWSTR

A pointer to a Unicode string that contains the full name of the user. This string can be a NULL string, or it can have any number of characters before the terminating null character.

usri4_usr_comment

Type: LPWSTR

A pointer to a Unicode string that contains a user comment. This string can be a NULL string, or it can have any number of characters before the terminating null character.

usri4_parms

Type: LPWSTR

A pointer to a Unicode string that is reserved for use by applications. This string can be a NULL string, or it can have any number of characters before the terminating null character. Microsoft products use this member to store user configuration information. Do not modify this information.

usri4_workstations

Type: LPWSTR

A pointer to a Unicode string that contains the names of workstations from which the user can log on. As many as eight workstations can be specified; the names must be separated by commas. If you do not want to restrict the number of workstations, use a NULL string. To disable logons from all workstations to this account, set the UF_ACCOUNTDISABLE value in the usri4_flags member.

usri4_last_logon

Type: DWORD

The date and time when the last logon occurred. This value is stored as the number of seconds that have elapsed since 00:00:00, January 1, 1970, GMT. This member is ignored by the NetUserAdd and NetUserSetInfo functions.

This member is maintained separately on each backup domain controller (BDC) in the domain. To obtain an accurate value, you must query each BDC in the domain. The last logon occurred at the time indicated by the largest retrieved value.

usri4_last_logoff

Type: DWORD

This member is currently not used.

The date and time when the last logoff occurred. This value is stored as the number of seconds that have elapsed since 00:00:00, January 1, 1970, GMT. A value of zero indicates that the last logoff time is unknown.

This member is maintained separately on each backup domain controller (BDC) in the domain. To obtain an accurate value, you must query each BDC in the domain. The last logoff occurred at the time indicated by the largest retrieved value.

usri4_acct_expires

Type: DWORD

The date and time when the account expires. This value is stored as the number of seconds elapsed since 00:00:00, January 1, 1970, GMT. A value of TIMEQ_FOREVER indicates that the account never expires.

usri4_max_storage

Type: DWORD

The maximum amount of disk space the user can use. Specify USER_MAXSTORAGE_UNLIMITED to use all available disk space.

usri4_units_per_week

Type: DWORD

The number of equal-length time units into which the week is divided. This value is required to compute the length of the bit string in the usri4_logon_hours member.

This value must be UNITS_PER_WEEK for LAN Manager 2.0. This element is ignored by the NetUserAdd and NetUserSetInfo functions.

For service applications, the units must be one of the following values: SAM_DAYS_PER_WEEK, SAM_HOURS_PER_WEEK, or SAM_MINUTES_PER_WEEK.

usri4_logon_hours

Type: PBYTE

A pointer to a 21-byte (168 bits) bit string that specifies the times during which the user can log on. Each bit represents a unique hour in the week, in Greenwich Mean Time (GMT).

The first bit (bit 0, word 0) is Sunday, 0:00 to 0:59; the second bit (bit 1, word 0) is Sunday, 1:00 to 1:59; and so on. Note that bit 0 in word 0 represents Sunday from 0:00 to 0:59 only if you are in the GMT time zone. In all other cases you must adjust the bits according to your time zone offset (for example, GMT minus 8 hours for Pacific Standard Time).

Specify a NULL pointer in this member when calling the NetUserAdd function to indicate no time restriction. Specify a NULL pointer when calling the NetUserSetInfo function to indicate that no change is to be made to the times during which the user can log on.

usri4_bad_pw_count

Type: DWORD

The number of times the user tried to log on to the account using an incorrect password. A value of – 1 indicates that the value is unknown. Calls to the NetUserAdd and NetUserSetInfo functions ignore this member.

This member is replicated from the primary domain controller (PDC); it is also maintained on each backup domain controller (BDC) in the domain. To obtain an accurate value, you must query each BDC in the domain. The number of times the user tried to log on using an incorrect password is the largest value retrieved.

usri4_num_logons

Type: DWORD

The number of times the user logged on successfully to this account. A value of – 1 indicates that the value is unknown. Calls to the NetUserAdd and NetUserSetInfo functions ignore this member.

This member is maintained separately on each backup domain controller (BDC) in the domain. To obtain an accurate value, you must query each BDC in the domain. The number of times the user logged on successfully is the sum of the retrieved values.

usri4_logon_server

Type: LPWSTR

A pointer to a Unicode string that contains the name of the server to which logon requests are sent. Server names should be preceded by two backslashes (\\). To indicate that the logon request can be handled by any logon server, specify an asterisk (\\*) for the server name. A NULL string indicates that requests should be sent to the domain controller.

For Windows servers, the NetUserGetInfo function returns \\*.

The NetUserAdd and NetUserSetInfo functions ignore this member.

usri4_country_code

Type: DWORD

The country/region code for the user's language of choice.

usri4_code_page

Type: DWORD

The code page for the user's language of choice.

usri4_user_sid

Type: PSID

A pointer to a SID structure that contains the security identifier (SID) that uniquely identifies the user. The NetUserAdd and NetUserSetInfo functions ignore this member.

usri4_primary_group_id

Type: DWORD

The relative identifier (RID) of the Primary Global Group for the user. When you call the NetUserAdd function, this member must be DOMAIN_GROUP_RID_USERS (defined in WinNT.h). When you call NetUserSetInfo, this member must be the RID of a global group in which the user is enrolled. For more information, see Well-Known SIDs and SID Components.

usri4_profile

Type: LPWSTR

A pointer to a Unicode string that specifies a path to the user's profile. This value can be a NULL string, a local absolute path, or a UNC path.

usri4_home_dir_drive

Type: LPWSTR

A pointer to a Unicode string that specifies the drive letter assigned to the user's home directory for logon purposes.

usri4_password_expired

Type: DWORD

The password expiration information.

The NetUserGetInfo function return zero if the password has not expired (and nonzero if it has).

When you call NetUserAdd or NetUserSetInfo, specify a nonzero value in this member to inform users that they must change their password at the next logon. To turn off this message, call NetUserSetInfo and specify zero in this member. Note that you cannot specify zero to negate the expiration of a password that has already expired.

Remarks

The USER_INFO_4 structure can be used with the NetUserAdd, NetUserSetInfo, and NetUserGetInfo functions.

User account names are limited to 20 characters and group names are limited to 256 characters. In addition, account names cannot be terminated by a period and they cannot include commas or any of the following printable characters: ", /, \, [, ], :, |, <, >, +, =, ;, ?, *. Names also cannot include characters in the range 1-31, which are nonprintable.

Note that the USER_INFO_4 structure supersedes the USER_INFO_3 structure on Windows XP and later. It is recommended that applications use the USER_INFO_4 structure instead of the USER_INFO_3 structure with the above functions on Windows XP and later.

Requirements

Minimum supported client

Windows XP [desktop apps only]

Minimum supported server

Windows Server 2003 [desktop apps only]

Header

Lmaccess.h (include Lm.h)

See also

Network Management Overview
Network Management Structures
User Functions
NetUserAdd
NetUserEnum
NetUserSetInfo
NetUserGetInfo
SID
USER_INFO_3

 

 

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