How to: Freeze Columns in the Windows Forms DataGridView Control Using the Designer
When users view data displayed in a Windows Forms DataGridView control, they sometimes need to refer to a single column or set of columns frequently. For example, when you display a table of customer information that contains many columns, it is useful for you to display the customer name at all times while enabling other columns to scroll outside the visible region.
To achieve this behavior, you can freeze columns in the control. When you freeze a column, all the columns to its left (or to its right in right-to-left language scripts) are frozen as well. Frozen columns remain in place while all other columns can scroll. If column reordering is enabled, the frozen columns are treated as a group distinct from the unfrozen columns. Users can reposition columns in either group, but they cannot move a column from one group to the other.
The following procedure requires a Windows Application project with a form containing a DataGridView control. For information about setting up such a project, see How to: Create a New Windows Forms Application Project and How to: Add Controls to Windows Forms.
The dialog boxes and menu commands you see might differ from those described in Help depending on your active settings or edition. To change your settings, choose Import and Export Settings on the Tools menu. For more information, see Customizing Development Settings in Visual Studio.
To freeze a column using the designer
Click the smart tag glyph () on the upper-right corner of the DataGridView control, and then select Edit Columns.
Select a column from the Selected Columns list.
In the Column Properties grid, set the Frozen property to true.
You can also freeze a column when adding it by selecting the Frozen box in the Add Column dialog box.