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VerifyScripts function

Compares two enumerated lists of scripts.


BOOL VerifyScripts(
  _In_ DWORD   dwFlags,
  _In_ LPCWSTR lpLocaleScripts,
  _In_ int     cchLocaleScripts,
  _In_ LPCWSTR lpTestScripts,
  _In_ int     cchTestScripts


dwFlags [in]

Flags specifying script verification options.


Allow "Latn" (Latin script) in the test list even if it is not in the locale list.


lpLocaleScripts [in]

Pointer to the locale list, the enumerated list of scripts for a given locale. This list is typically populated by calling GetLocaleInfoEx with LCType set to LOCALE_SSCRIPTS.

cchLocaleScripts [in]

Size, in characters, of the string indicated by lpLocaleScripts. The application sets this parameter to -1 if the string is null-terminated. If this parameter is set to 0, the function fails.

lpTestScripts [in]

Pointer to the test list, a second enumerated list of scripts. This list is typically populated by calling GetStringScripts.

cchTestScripts [in]

Size, in characters, of the string indicated by lpTestScripts. The application sets this parameter to -1 if the string is null-terminated. If this parameter is set to 0, the function fails.

Return value

Returns TRUE if the test list is non-empty and all items in the list are also included in the locale list. The function still returns TRUE if the locale list contains more scripts than the test list, but all the test list scripts must be contained in the locale list. If VS_ALLOW_LATIN is specified in dwFlags, the function behaves as if "Latn;" is always in the locale list.

In all other cases, the function returns FALSE. This return can indicate that the test list contains an item that is not in the locale list, or it can indicate an error. To distinguish between these two cases, the application should call GetLastError, which can return one of the following error codes:

  • ERROR_INVALID_FLAGS. The values supplied for flags were not valid.
  • ERROR_INVALID_PARAMETER. Any of the parameter values was invalid.
  • ERROR_SUCCESS. The action completed successfully but yielded no results.


This function compares strings, such as "Latn;Cyrl;", that consist of a series of 4-character script names, with each script name followed by a semicolon. It also has a special case to account for the fact that the Latin script is often used in languages and locales for which it is not native.

This function is useful as part of a strategy to mitigate security issues related to internationalized domain names (IDNs).

The following are examples of the return of this function and a subsequent call to GetLastError in various scenarios. The last two examples illustrate, respectively, a case in which the test list lacks a terminating semicolon (malformed string) and a case in which the test list is empty.

Locale stringTest stringdwFlagsReturn valueGetLastError return


* Results are the same whether VS_ALLOW_LATIN is passed in the dwFlags parameter or no flags are supplied.


NLS: Internationalized Domain Name (IDN) Mitigation Sample demonstrates the use of this function.


Minimum supported client

Windows Vista [desktop apps | UWP apps]

Minimum supported server

Windows Server 2008 [desktop apps | UWP apps]


Winnls.h (include Windows.h)





See also

National Language Support
National Language Support Functions
Handling Internationalized Domain Names (IDNs)



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