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IList.Item Property (Int32)

 

Gets or sets the element at the specified index.

Namespace:   System.Collections
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

Property Item (
	index As Integer
) As Object

Parameters

index
Type: System.Int32

The zero-based index of the element to get or set.

Property Value

Type: System.Object

The element at the specified index.

Exception Condition
ArgumentOutOfRangeException

index is not a valid index in the IList.

NotSupportedException

The property is set and the IList is read-only.

This property provides the ability to access a specific element in the collection by using the following syntax: myCollection[index].

The C# language uses the keyword to define the indexers instead of implementing the Item property. Visual Basic implements Item as a default property, which provides the same indexing functionality.

The following example demonstrates the implementation of the IList interface to create a simple list, fixed-size list. This code is part of a larger example for the IList interface.

Public Class SimpleList
    Implements IList

    Private _contents(8) As Object
    Private _count As Integer

    Public Sub New()

        _count = 0
    End Sub

    ' IList Members
    Public Function Add(ByVal value As Object) As Integer Implements IList.Add

        If (_count < _contents.Length - 1) Then

            _contents(_count) = value
            _count = _count + 1

            Return (_count - 1)

        Else

            Return -1
        End If
    End Function

    Public Sub Clear() Implements IList.Clear
        _count = 0
    End Sub

    Public Function Contains(ByVal value As Object) As Boolean Implements IList.Contains

        Dim inList As Boolean = False

        Dim i As Integer
        For i = 0 To Count

            If _contents(i) = value Then

                inList = True
                Exit For

            End If

        Next i

        Return inList
    End Function

    Public Function IndexOf(ByVal value As Object) As Integer Implements IList.IndexOf

        Dim itemIndex As Integer = -1

        Dim i As Integer
        For i = 0 To Count

            If _contents(i) = value Then

                itemIndex = i
                Exit For

            End If

        Next i

        Return itemIndex
    End Function

    Public Sub Insert(ByVal index As Integer, ByVal value As Object) Implements IList.Insert

        If (_count + 1) <= (_contents.Length - 1) And (index < Count) And (index >= 0) Then

            _count = _count + 1

            Dim i As Integer
            For i = Count - 1 To index

                _contents(i) = _contents(i - 1)
            Next i

            _contents(index) = value
        End If
    End Sub

    Public ReadOnly Property IsFixedSize() As Boolean Implements IList.IsFixedSize
        Get
            Return True
        End Get
    End Property

    Public ReadOnly Property IsReadOnly() As Boolean Implements IList.IsReadOnly

        Get
            Return False
        End Get
    End Property

    Public Sub Remove(ByVal value As Object) Implements IList.Remove
        RemoveAt(IndexOf(value))
    End Sub

    Public Sub RemoveAt(ByVal index As Integer) Implements IList.RemoveAt

        If index >= 0 And index < Count Then

            Dim i As Integer
            For i = index To Count - 1

                _contents(i) = _contents(i + 1)
            Next i
            _count = _count - 1

        End If
    End Sub

    Public Property Item(ByVal index As Integer) As Object Implements IList.Item

        Get
            Return _contents(index)
        End Get

        Set(ByVal value As Object)
            _contents(index) = value
        End Set
    End Property

    ' ICollection Members

    Public Sub CopyTo(ByVal array As Array, ByVal index As Integer) Implements ICollection.CopyTo
        Dim j As Integer = index
        Dim i As Integer
        For i = 0 To Count
            array.SetValue(_contents(i), j)
            j = j + 1
        Next i
    End Sub

    Public ReadOnly Property Count() As Integer Implements ICollection.Count
        Get
            Return _count
        End Get
    End Property

    Public ReadOnly Property IsSynchronized() As Boolean Implements ICollection.IsSynchronized
        Get
            Return False
        End Get
    End Property

    ' Return the current instance since the underlying store is not
    ' publicly available.
    Public ReadOnly Property SyncRoot() As Object Implements ICollection.SyncRoot
        Get
            Return Me
        End Get
    End Property

    ' IEnumerable Members
    Public Function GetEnumerator() As IEnumerator Implements IEnumerable.GetEnumerator

        ' Refer to the IEnumerator documentation for an example of
        ' implementing an enumerator.
        Throw New Exception("The method or operation is not implemented.")
    End Function

    Public Sub PrintContents()

        Console.WriteLine("List has a capacity of {0} and currently has {1} elements.", _contents.Length - 1, _count)
        Console.Write("List contents:")

        Dim i As Integer
        For i = 0 To Count

            Console.Write(" {0}", _contents(i))
        Next i

        Console.WriteLine()

    End Sub
End Class

Universal Windows Platform
Available since 8
.NET Framework
Available since 1.1
Portable Class Library
Supported in: portable .NET platforms
Silverlight
Available since 2.0
Windows Phone Silverlight
Available since 7.0
Windows Phone
Available since 8.1
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