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map::operator[]

 

Inserts an element into a map with a specified key value.


      Type& operator[](
   const Key& _Key
);
Type& operator0-(
    Key&& _Key
);

Parameter

Description

_Key

The key value of the element that is to be inserted.

A reference to the data value of the inserted element.

If the argument key value is not found, then it is inserted along with the default value of the data type.

operator[] may be used to insert elements into a map m using m[_Key] = DataValue; where DataValue is the value of the mapped_type of the element with a key value of _Key.

When using operator[] to insert elements, the returned reference does not indicate whether an insertion is changing a pre-existing element or creating a new one. The member functions find and insert can be used to determine whether an element with a specified key is already present before an insertion.

Example

// map_op_insert.cpp
// compile with: /EHsc
#include <map>
#include <iostream>
#include <string>

int main( )
{
   using namespace std;
   typedef pair <const int, int> cInt2Int;
   map <int, int> m1;
   map <int, int> :: iterator pIter;

   // Insert a data value of 10 with a key of 1
   // into a map using the operator[] member function
   m1[ 1 ] = 10;

   // Compare other ways to insert objects into a map
   m1.insert ( map <int, int> :: value_type ( 2, 20 ) );
   m1.insert ( cInt2Int ( 3, 30 ) );

   cout  << "The keys of the mapped elements are:";
   for ( pIter = m1.begin( ) ; pIter != m1.end( ) ; pIter++ )
      cout << " " << pIter -> first;
   cout << "." << endl;

   cout  << "The values of the mapped elements are:";
   for ( pIter = m1.begin( ) ; pIter != m1.end( ) ; pIter++ )
      cout << " " << pIter -> second;
   cout << "." << endl;

   // If the key already exists, operator[]
   // changes the value of the datum in the element
   m1[ 2 ] = 40;

   // operator[] will also insert the value of the data
   // type's default constructor if the value is unspecified
   m1[5];

   cout  << "The keys of the mapped elements are now:";
   for ( pIter = m1.begin( ) ; pIter != m1.end( ) ; pIter++ )
      cout << " " << pIter -> first;
   cout << "." << endl;

   cout  << "The values of the mapped elements are now:";
   for ( pIter = m1.begin( ) ; pIter != m1.end( ) ; pIter++ )
      cout << " " << pIter -> second;
   cout << "." << endl;

// insert by moving key
    map<string, int> c2;
    string str("abc");
    cout << "c2[move(str)] == " << c2[move(str)] << endl;
    cout << "c2["abc"] == " << c2["abc"] << endl;

    return (0); 
}
The keys of the mapped elements are: 1 2 3.
The values of the mapped elements are: 10 20 30.
The keys of the mapped elements are now: 1 2 3 5.
The values of the mapped elements are now: 10 40 30 0.
c2[move(str)] == 0
c2["abc"] == 1

Requirements

Header: <map>

Namespace: std

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