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DemoApp.cpp


// THIS CODE AND INFORMATION IS PROVIDED "AS IS" WITHOUT WARRANTY OF
// ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO
// THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND/OR FITNESS FOR A
// PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
//
// Copyright (c) Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved

#include "DemoApp.h"

// Provides the application entry point.
int WINAPI WinMain(
    HINSTANCE /* hInstance */,
    HINSTANCE /* hPrevInstance */,
    LPSTR /* lpCmdLine */,
    int /* nCmdShow */
    )
{
    // Use HeapSetInformation to specify that the process should
    // terminate if the heap manager detects an error in any heap used
    // by the process.
    // The return value is ignored, because we want to continue running in the
    // unlikely event that HeapSetInformation fails.
    HeapSetInformation(NULL, HeapEnableTerminationOnCorruption, NULL, 0);

    if (SUCCEEDED(CoInitialize(NULL)))
    {
        {
            DemoApp app;

            if (SUCCEEDED(app.Initialize()))
            {
                app.RunMessageLoop();
            }
        }
        CoUninitialize();
    }

    return 0;
}

// DemoApp constructor
DemoApp::DemoApp() :
    m_hwnd(NULL),
    m_pDirect2dFactory(NULL),
    m_pRenderTarget(NULL),
    m_pLightSlateGrayBrush(NULL),
    m_pCornflowerBlueBrush(NULL)
{
}

// DemoApp destructor
// Releases the application's resources.
DemoApp::~DemoApp()
{
    SafeRelease(&m_pDirect2dFactory);
    SafeRelease(&m_pRenderTarget);
    SafeRelease(&m_pLightSlateGrayBrush);
    SafeRelease(&m_pCornflowerBlueBrush);

}

// Creates the application window and device-independent
// resources.
HRESULT DemoApp::Initialize()
{
    HRESULT hr;

    // Initialize device-indpendent resources, such
    // as the Direct2D factory.
    hr = CreateDeviceIndependentResources();

    if (SUCCEEDED(hr))
    {
        // Register the window class.
        WNDCLASSEX wcex = { sizeof(WNDCLASSEX) };
        wcex.style         = CS_HREDRAW | CS_VREDRAW;
        wcex.lpfnWndProc   = DemoApp::WndProc;
        wcex.cbClsExtra    = 0;
        wcex.cbWndExtra    = sizeof(LONG_PTR);
        wcex.hInstance     = HINST_THISCOMPONENT;
        wcex.hbrBackground = NULL;
        wcex.lpszMenuName  = NULL;
        wcex.hCursor       = LoadCursor(NULL, IDI_APPLICATION);
        wcex.lpszClassName = L"D2DDemoApp";

        RegisterClassEx(&wcex);


        // Because the CreateWindow function takes its size in pixels,
        // obtain the system DPI and use it to scale the window size.
        FLOAT dpiX, dpiY;

        // The factory returns the current system DPI. This is also the value it will use
        // to create its own windows.
        m_pDirect2dFactory->GetDesktopDpi(&dpiX, &dpiY);


        // Create the window.
        m_hwnd = CreateWindow(
            L"D2DDemoApp",
            L"Direct2D Demo App",
            WS_OVERLAPPEDWINDOW,
            CW_USEDEFAULT,
            CW_USEDEFAULT,
            static_cast<UINT>(ceil(640.f * dpiX / 96.f)),
            static_cast<UINT>(ceil(480.f * dpiY / 96.f)),
            NULL,
            NULL,
            HINST_THISCOMPONENT,
            this
            );
        hr = m_hwnd ? S_OK : E_FAIL;
        if (SUCCEEDED(hr))
        {
            ShowWindow(m_hwnd, SW_SHOWNORMAL);
            UpdateWindow(m_hwnd);
        }
    }

    return hr;
}

// Creates resources that are not bound to a particular device.
// Their lifetime effectively extends for the duration of the
// application.
HRESULT DemoApp::CreateDeviceIndependentResources()
{
    HRESULT hr = S_OK;

    // Create a Direct2D factory.
    hr = D2D1CreateFactory(D2D1_FACTORY_TYPE_SINGLE_THREADED, &m_pDirect2dFactory);

    return hr;
}


// Creates resources that are bound to a particular
// Direct3D device. These resources need to be recreated
// if the Direct3D device dissapears, such as when the display
// changes, the window is remoted, etc.
HRESULT DemoApp::CreateDeviceResources()
{
    HRESULT hr = S_OK;

    if (!m_pRenderTarget)
    {
        RECT rc;
        GetClientRect(m_hwnd, &rc);

        D2D1_SIZE_U size = D2D1::SizeU(
            rc.right - rc.left,
            rc.bottom - rc.top
            );

        // Create a Direct2D render target.
        hr = m_pDirect2dFactory->CreateHwndRenderTarget(
            D2D1::RenderTargetProperties(),
            D2D1::HwndRenderTargetProperties(m_hwnd, size),
            &m_pRenderTarget
            );


        if (SUCCEEDED(hr))
        {
            // Create a gray brush.
            hr = m_pRenderTarget->CreateSolidColorBrush(
                D2D1::ColorF(D2D1::ColorF::LightSlateGray),
                &m_pLightSlateGrayBrush
                );
        }
        if (SUCCEEDED(hr))
        {
            // Create a blue brush.
            hr = m_pRenderTarget->CreateSolidColorBrush(
                D2D1::ColorF(D2D1::ColorF::CornflowerBlue),
                &m_pCornflowerBlueBrush
                );
        }
    }

    return hr;
}

// Discards device-dependent resources. These resources must be
// recreated when the Direct3D device is lost.
void DemoApp::DiscardDeviceResources()
{
    SafeRelease(&m_pRenderTarget);
    SafeRelease(&m_pLightSlateGrayBrush);
    SafeRelease(&m_pCornflowerBlueBrush);
}

// Runs the main window message loop.
void DemoApp::RunMessageLoop()
{
    MSG msg;

    while (GetMessage(&msg, NULL, 0, 0))
    {
        TranslateMessage(&msg);
        DispatchMessage(&msg);
    }
}

// This method discards device-specific
// resources if the Direct3D device dissapears during execution and
// recreates the resources the next time it's invoked.
HRESULT DemoApp::OnRender()
{
    HRESULT hr = S_OK;

    hr = CreateDeviceResources();

    if (SUCCEEDED(hr))
    {
        m_pRenderTarget->BeginDraw();

        m_pRenderTarget->SetTransform(D2D1::Matrix3x2F::Identity());

        m_pRenderTarget->Clear(D2D1::ColorF(D2D1::ColorF::White));

        D2D1_SIZE_F rtSize = m_pRenderTarget->GetSize();

        // Draw a grid background.
        int width = static_cast<int>(rtSize.width);
        int height = static_cast<int>(rtSize.height);

        for (int x = 0; x < width; x += 10)
        {
            m_pRenderTarget->DrawLine(
                D2D1::Point2F(static_cast<FLOAT>(x), 0.0f),
                D2D1::Point2F(static_cast<FLOAT>(x), rtSize.height),
                m_pLightSlateGrayBrush,
                0.5f
                );
        }

        for (int y = 0; y < height; y += 10)
        {
            m_pRenderTarget->DrawLine(
                D2D1::Point2F(0.0f, static_cast<FLOAT>(y)),
                D2D1::Point2F(rtSize.width, static_cast<FLOAT>(y)),
                m_pLightSlateGrayBrush,
                0.5f
                );
        }

        // Draw two rectangles.
        D2D1_RECT_F rectangle1 = D2D1::RectF(
            rtSize.width/2 - 50.0f,
            rtSize.height/2 - 50.0f,
            rtSize.width/2 + 50.0f,
            rtSize.height/2 + 50.0f
            );

        D2D1_RECT_F rectangle2 = D2D1::RectF(
            rtSize.width/2 - 100.0f,
            rtSize.height/2 - 100.0f,
            rtSize.width/2 + 100.0f,
            rtSize.height/2 + 100.0f
            );


        // Draw a filled rectangle.
        m_pRenderTarget->FillRectangle(&rectangle1, m_pLightSlateGrayBrush);

        // Draw the outline of a rectangle.
        m_pRenderTarget->DrawRectangle(&rectangle2, m_pCornflowerBlueBrush);

        hr = m_pRenderTarget->EndDraw();
    }

    if (hr == D2DERR_RECREATE_TARGET)
    {
        hr = S_OK;
        DiscardDeviceResources();
    }

    return hr;
}


//  If the application receives a WM_SIZE message, this method
//  resizes the render target appropriately.
void DemoApp::OnResize(UINT width, UINT height)
{
    if (m_pRenderTarget)
    {
        // Note: This method can fail, but it's okay to ignore the
        // error here, because the error will be returned again
        // the next time EndDraw is called.
        m_pRenderTarget->Resize(D2D1::SizeU(width, height));
    }
}

// Handles window messages.
LRESULT CALLBACK DemoApp::WndProc(HWND hwnd, UINT message, WPARAM wParam, LPARAM lParam)
{
    LRESULT result = 0;

    if (message == WM_CREATE)
    {
        LPCREATESTRUCT pcs = (LPCREATESTRUCT)lParam;
        DemoApp *pDemoApp = (DemoApp *)pcs->lpCreateParams;

        ::SetWindowLongPtrW(
            hwnd,
            GWLP_USERDATA,
            PtrToUlong(pDemoApp)
            );

        result = 1;
    }
    else
    {
        DemoApp *pDemoApp = reinterpret_cast<DemoApp *>(static_cast<LONG_PTR>(
            ::GetWindowLongPtrW(
                hwnd,
                GWLP_USERDATA
                )));

        bool wasHandled = false;

        if (pDemoApp)
        {
            switch (message)
            {
            case WM_SIZE:
                {
                    UINT width = LOWORD(lParam);
                    UINT height = HIWORD(lParam);
                    pDemoApp->OnResize(width, height);
                }
                result = 0;
                wasHandled = true;
                break;

            case WM_DISPLAYCHANGE:
                {
                    InvalidateRect(hwnd, NULL, FALSE);
                }
                result = 0;
                wasHandled = true;
                break;

            case WM_PAINT:
                {
                    pDemoApp->OnRender();
                    ValidateRect(hwnd, NULL);
                }
                result = 0;
                wasHandled = true;
                break;

            case WM_DESTROY:
                {
                    PostQuitMessage(0);
                }
                result = 1;
                wasHandled = true;
                break;
            }
        }

        if (!wasHandled)
        {
            result = DefWindowProc(hwnd, message, wParam, lParam);
        }
    }

    return result;
}



 

 

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Build date: 1/22/2012

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