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String::LastIndexOf Method (String^, Int32)


Reports the zero-based index position of the last occurrence of a specified string within this instance. The search starts at a specified character position and proceeds backward toward the beginning of the string.

Namespace:   System
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

int LastIndexOf(
	String^ value,
	int startIndex


Type: System::String^

The string to seek.

Type: System::Int32

The search starting position. The search proceeds from startIndex toward the beginning of this instance.

Return Value

Type: System::Int32

The zero-based starting index position of value if that string is found, or -1 if it is not found or if the current instance equals String::Empty. If value is String::Empty, the return value is the smaller of startIndex and the last index position in this instance.

Exception Condition

value is null.


The current instance does not equal String::Empty, and startIndex is less than zero or greater than the length of the current instance.


The current instance equals String::Empty, and startIndex is less than -1 or greater than zero.

Index numbering starts from zero. That is, the first character in the string is at index zero and the last is at Length - 1.

The search begins at the startIndex character position of this instance and proceeds backward toward the beginning until either value is found or the first character position has been examined. For example, if startIndex is Length - 1, the method searches every character from the last character in the string to the beginning.

This method performs a word (case-sensitive and culture-sensitive) search using the current culture.

Character sets include ignorable characters, which are characters that are not considered when performing a linguistic or culture-sensitive comparison. In a culture-sensitive search, if value contains an ignorable character, the result is equivalent to searching with that character removed. If value consists only of one or more ignorable characters, the LastIndexOf(String^, Int32) method always returns startIndex, which is the character position at which the search begins. In the following example, the LastIndexOf(String^, Int32) method is used to find a substring that includes a soft hyphen (U+00AD) and that precedes or includes the final "m" in a string. If the example is run on the .NET Framework 4 or later, because the soft hyphen in the search string is ignored, calling the method to find a substring that consists of the soft hyphen and "m" returns the position of the "m" in the string, whereas calling it to find a substring that consists of the soft hyphen and "n" returns the position of the "n". When the search string contains only the soft hyphen, the method returns the index of the "m", which represents the value of startIndex.

No code example is currently available or this language may not be supported.

Notes to Callers:

As explained in Best Practices for Using Strings in the .NET Framework, we recommend that you avoid calling string comparison methods that substitute default values and instead call methods that require parameters to be explicitly specified. To find the index of a substring that precedes a particular character position by using the comparison rules of the current culture, call the LastIndexOf(String^, Int32, StringComparison) method overload with a value of StringComparison::CurrentCulture for its comparisonType parameter.

The following example finds the index of all occurrences of a string in target string, working from the end of the target string to the start of the target string.

// Sample for String::LastIndexOf(String, Int32)
using namespace System;
int main()
   String^ br1 = "0----+----1----+----2----+----3----+----4----+----5----+----6----+-";
   String^ br2 = "0123456789012345678901234567890123456789012345678901234567890123456";
   String^ str = "Now is the time for all good men to come to the aid of their party.";
   int start;
   int at;
   start = str->Length - 1;
   Console::WriteLine( "All occurrences of 'he' from position {0} to 0.", start );
   Console::WriteLine( "{0}\n{1}\n{2}\n", br1, br2, str );
   Console::Write( "The string 'he' occurs at position(s): " );
   at = 0;
   while ( (start > -1) && (at > -1) )
      at = str->LastIndexOf( "he", start );
      if ( at > -1 )
         Console::Write( " {0} ", at );
         start = at - 1;


This example produces the following results:
All occurrences of 'he' from position 66 to 0.
Now is the time for all good men to come to the aid of their party.

The string 'he' occurs at position(s):  56  45  8

Universal Windows Platform
Available since 8
.NET Framework
Available since 1.1
Portable Class Library
Supported in: portable .NET platforms
Available since 2.0
Windows Phone Silverlight
Available since 7.0
Windows Phone
Available since 8.1
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