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Enumerable.FirstOrDefault<'TSource> Method (IEnumerable<'TSource>)


Returns the first element of a sequence, or a default value if the sequence contains no elements.

Namespace:   System.Linq
Assembly:  System.Core (in System.Core.dll)

static member FirstOrDefault<'TSource> : 
        source:IEnumerable<'TSource> -> 'TSource


Type: System.Collections.Generic.IEnumerable<'TSource>

The IEnumerable<'T> to return the first element of.

Return Value

Type: TSource

default(TSource) if source is empty; otherwise, the first element in source.

Type Parameters


The type of the elements of source.

Exception Condition

source is null.

The default value for reference and nullable types is null.

The FirstOrDefault method does not provide a way to specify a default value. If you want to specify a default value other than default(TSource), use the DefaultIfEmpty<'TSource>(IEnumerable<'TSource>, 'TSource) method as described in the Example section.

The following code example demonstrates how to use FirstOrDefault<'TSource>(IEnumerable<'TSource>) on an empty array.

No code example is currently available or this language may not be supported.

Sometimes the value of default(TSource) is not the default value that you want to use if the collection contains no elements. Instead of checking the result for the unwanted default value and then changing it if necessary, you can use the DefaultIfEmpty<'TSource>(IEnumerable<'TSource>, 'TSource) method to specify the default value that you want to use if the collection is empty. Then, call First<'TSource>(IEnumerable<'TSource>) to obtain the first element. The following code example uses both techniques to obtain a default value of 1 if a collection of numeric months is empty. Because the default value for an integer is 0, which does not correspond to any month, the default value must be specified as 1 instead. The first result variable is checked for the unwanted default value after the query has finished executing. The second result variable is obtained by using DefaultIfEmpty<'TSource>(IEnumerable<'TSource>, 'TSource) to specify a default value of 1.

No code example is currently available or this language may not be supported.

Universal Windows Platform
Available since 4.5
.NET Framework
Available since 3.5
Portable Class Library
Supported in: portable .NET platforms
Available since 2.0
Windows Phone Silverlight
Available since 7.0
Windows Phone
Available since 8.1
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