XmlWriter.LookupPrefix Method

When overridden in a derived class, returns the closest prefix defined in the current namespace scope for the namespace URI.

Namespace:  System.Xml
Assembly:  System.Xml (in System.Xml.dll)

public abstract string LookupPrefix(
	string ns
)

Parameters

ns
Type: System.String
The namespace URI whose prefix you want to find.

Return Value

Type: System.String
The matching prefix or null if no matching namespace URI is found in the current scope.

ExceptionCondition
ArgumentException

ns is either null or String.Empty.

The following example writes out a book.


using System;
using System.IO;
using System.Xml;

 public class Sample
 {
   private const string m_Document = "sampledata.xml";

   public static void Main() {

      XmlWriter writer = null;

      try {

        XmlWriterSettings settings = new XmlWriterSettings();
        settings.Indent = true;
        writer = XmlWriter.Create (m_Document, settings);

        writer.WriteComment("sample XML fragment");

        // Write an element (this one is the root).
        writer.WriteStartElement("book");

        // Write the namespace declaration.
        writer.WriteAttributeString("xmlns", "bk", null, "urn:samples");

        // Write the genre attribute.
        writer.WriteAttributeString("genre", "novel");

        // Write the title.
        writer.WriteStartElement("title");
        writer.WriteString("The Handmaid's Tale");
        writer.WriteEndElement();

        // Write the price.
        writer.WriteElementString("price", "19.95");

        // Lookup the prefix and write the ISBN element.
        string prefix = writer.LookupPrefix("urn:samples");
        writer.WriteStartElement(prefix, "ISBN", "urn:samples");
        writer.WriteString("1-861003-78");
        writer.WriteEndElement();

        // Write the style element (shows a different way to handle prefixes).
        writer.WriteElementString("style", "urn:samples", "hardcover");

        // Write the close tag for the root element.
        writer.WriteEndElement();

        // Write the XML to file and close the writer.
        writer.Flush();
        writer.Close();
      }

      finally {
        if (writer != null)
           writer.Close();
     } 
   }

 }


.NET Framework

Supported in: 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Portable Class Library

Supported in: Portable Class Library

Windows 7, Windows Vista SP1 or later, Windows XP SP3, Windows XP SP2 x64 Edition, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core supported with SP1 or later), Windows Server 2003 SP2

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.
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