WebPartConnection.IsActive Property

Gets a value that indicates whether a WebPartConnection object is currently established and able to exchange data between its provider and consumer controls.

Namespace:  System.Web.UI.WebControls.WebParts
Assembly:  System.Web (in System.Web.dll)

[BrowsableAttribute(false)]
public bool IsActive { get; }

Property Value

Type: System.Boolean
true if the connection is active; otherwise, false.

The IsActive property indicates a state of a WebPartConnection object. When the connection is in this state, the provider and consumer controls in the connection are communicating and able to exchange data through a common interface or a WebPartTransformer object.

When a user views a rendered page that includes an established connection in normal browse mode, the connection is typically active (unless it failed to be activated due to some conflict or other issue when the page loaded). In the early stages of the page and control life cycle, the property value is false. The connection is activated just after the ConnectionsActivated event on the WebPartManager control is raised. Specifically, the connection is activated after the consumer has retrieved an instance of the specified interface from the provider or a WebPartTransformer object.

It is useful to know whether a connection is active in situations where there might be conflicts or synchronization issues due to multiple connections on a page. For example, if there is some kind of conflict between two connections, the WebPartManager control has the option of not activating one of the connections to avoid the conflict.

The following code example demonstrates use of the IsActive property.

The example has three parts:

  • Source code for an interface and two WebPart controls acting as the provider and the consumer for a connection.

  • A Web page to host all the controls and run the code example.

  • An explanation of how to run the example page.

The first part of the code example is the source code for the interface, and the consumer and provider controls. For the code example to run, you must compile this source code. You can compile it explicitly and put the resulting assembly in your Web site's Bin folder or the global assembly cache. Alternatively, you can put the source code in your site's App_Code folder, where it will be dynamically compiled at run time. This code example uses dynamic compilation. For a walkthrough that demonstrates how to compile, see Walkthrough: Developing and Using a Custom Web Server Control.

namespace Samples.AspNet.CS.Controls
{
  using System;
  using System.Web;
  using System.Web.Security;
  using System.Security.Permissions;
  using System.Web.UI;
  using System.Web.UI.WebControls;
  using System.Web.UI.WebControls.WebParts;

  [AspNetHostingPermission(SecurityAction.Demand,
    Level = AspNetHostingPermissionLevel.Minimal)]
  [AspNetHostingPermission(SecurityAction.InheritanceDemand,
    Level = AspNetHostingPermissionLevel.Minimal)]
  public interface IZipCode
  {
    string ZipCode { get; set;}
  }

  [AspNetHostingPermission(SecurityAction.Demand,
    Level = AspNetHostingPermissionLevel.Minimal)]
  [AspNetHostingPermission(SecurityAction.InheritanceDemand,
    Level = AspNetHostingPermissionLevel.Minimal)]
  public class ZipCodeWebPart : WebPart, IZipCode
  {
    string zipCodeText = String.Empty;
    TextBox input;
    Button send;

    public ZipCodeWebPart()
    {
    }

    // Make the implemented property personalizable to save  
    // the Zip Code between browser sessions.
    [Personalizable()]
    public virtual string ZipCode
    {
      get { return zipCodeText; }
      set { zipCodeText = value; }
    }

    // This is the callback method that returns the provider.
    [ConnectionProvider("Zip Code Provider", "ZipCodeProvider")]
    public IZipCode ProvideIZipCode()
    {
      return this;
    }

    protected override void CreateChildControls()
    {
      Controls.Clear();
      input = new TextBox();
      this.Controls.Add(input);
      send = new Button();
      send.Text = "Enter 5-digit Zip Code";
      send.Click += new EventHandler(this.submit_Click);
      this.Controls.Add(send);
    }

    private void submit_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
      if (input.Text != String.Empty)
      {
        zipCodeText = Page.Server.HtmlEncode(input.Text);
        input.Text = String.Empty;
      }
    }

  }

  [AspNetHostingPermission(SecurityAction.Demand,
    Level = AspNetHostingPermissionLevel.Minimal)]
  [AspNetHostingPermission(SecurityAction.InheritanceDemand,
    Level = AspNetHostingPermissionLevel.Minimal)]
  public class WeatherWebPart : WebPart
  {
    private IZipCode _provider;
    string _zipSearch;
    Label DisplayContent;

    // This method is identified by the ConnectionConsumer  
    // attribute, and is the mechanism for connecting with  
    // the provider. 
    [ConnectionConsumer("Zip Code Consumer", "ZipCodeConsumer")]
    public void GetIZipCode(IZipCode Provider)
    {
      _provider = Provider;
    }

    protected override void OnPreRender(EventArgs e)
    {
      EnsureChildControls();

      if (this._provider != null)
      {
        _zipSearch = _provider.ZipCode.Trim();
        DisplayContent.Text = "My Zip Code is:  " + _zipSearch;
      }
    }

    protected override void CreateChildControls()
    {
      Controls.Clear();
      DisplayContent = new Label();
      this.Controls.Add(DisplayContent);
    }

  }
}

The second part of the code example is the Web page. Near the top is a Register directive that refers to the source code for the two dynamically compiled WebPart controls. The static connection is declared within the <StaticConnections> element on the page. Within the <script> element are four event handlers. Each event handler checks the value of the IsActive property on the static connection, and writes a message to the Label control indicating whether the connection is active or inactive at that state of the page and control life cycle. This demonstrates at what point the connection becomes active, and that it remains active after the page is rendered.

<%@ Page Language="C#" %>
<%@ register tagprefix="aspSample" 
    namespace="Samples.AspNet.CS.Controls" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" 
  "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">

<script runat="server">

  protected void Button1_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
  {
    WebPartConnection conn = mgr.StaticConnections[0];

    if (conn.IsActive)
      lbl1.Text += "<em>Connection 0 is active.</em>";
    else
      lbl1.Text += "Connection 0 is inactive.";
  }

  protected void mgr_ConnectionsActivated(object sender, EventArgs e)
  {
    if(mgr.Connections[0].IsActive)
      lbl2.Text += "<em>Connection 0 is active.</em>";
    else
      lbl2.Text += "Connection 0 is inactive.";
  }

  protected void mgr_ConnectionsActivating(object sender, EventArgs e)
  {
    if (mgr.Connections[0].IsActive)
      lbl3.Text += "<em>Connection 0 is active.</em>";
    else
      lbl3.Text += "Connection 0 is inactive.";
  }

  protected void Page_PreRender(object sender, EventArgs e)
  {
    if (mgr.Connections[0].IsActive)
      lbl4.Text += "<em>Connection 0 is active.</em>";
    else
      lbl4.Text += "Connection 0 is inactive.";
  }
</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
<head runat="server">
    <title>Untitled Page</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">
    <div>
      <asp:WebPartManager ID="mgr" runat="server" 
        onconnectionsactivated="mgr_ConnectionsActivated" 
        onconnectionsactivating="mgr_ConnectionsActivating">
        <StaticConnections>
          <asp:WebPartConnection ID="conn1"
            ConsumerConnectionPointID="ZipCodeConsumer"
            ConsumerID="weather1" 
            ProviderConnectionPointID="ZipCodeProvider" 
            ProviderID="zip1" />
        </StaticConnections>      
      </asp:WebPartManager>
      <asp:WebPartZone ID="WebPartZone1" runat="server">
        <ZoneTemplate>
          <aspSample:ZipCodeWebPart ID="zip1" runat="server"
            Title="Zip Code Provider"   />
          <aspSample:WeatherWebPart ID="weather1" runat="server" 
            Title="Zip Code Consumer" />
        </ZoneTemplate>
      </asp:WebPartZone>
      <asp:ConnectionsZone ID="ConnectionsZone1" runat="server">
      </asp:ConnectionsZone>
      <asp:Button ID="Button1" runat="server" 
        Text="Connection Details" 
        OnClick="Button1_Click" />
      <br />
      <asp:Label ID="lbl1" runat="server">
        <h3>Button_Click Status</h3>
      </asp:Label>
      <br />
      <asp:Label ID="lbl2" runat="server">
        <h3>ConnectionActivating Status</h3>
      </asp:Label>
      <br />
      <asp:Label ID="lbl3" runat="server">
        <h3>ConnectionActivated Status</h3>
      </asp:Label>
      <br />
      <asp:Label ID="lbl4" runat="server">
        <h3>ConnectionActivated Status</h3>
      </asp:Label>
    </div>
    </form>
</body>
</html>

Load the page in a browser. The static connection is already created, and messages have already been written to the labels showing whether the connection was active at various points in the page and control life cycle. Click the Connection Details button, and note that the connection is not active at that point, but that the connection is reactivated each time after the ConnectionsActivated event, and that it is still active (and will remain so) after the PreRender event of the page.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.6, 4.5, 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0
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