MethodBase.IsVirtual Property

Gets a value indicating whether the method is virtual.

Namespace:  System.Reflection
Assemblies:   mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)
  System.Reflection (in System.Reflection.dll)

public bool IsVirtual { get; }

Property Value

Type: System.Boolean
true if this method is virtual; otherwise, false.

A virtual member may reference instance data in a class and must be referenced through an instance of the class.

To determine if a method is overridable, it is not sufficient to check that IsVirtual is true. For a method to be overridable, IsVirtual must be true and IsFinal must be false. For example, a method might be non-virtual, but it implements an interface method. The common language runtime requires that all methods that implement interface members must be marked as virtual; therefore, the compiler marks the method virtual final. So there are cases where a method is marked as virtual but is still not overridable.

To establish with certainty whether a method is overridable, use code such as this:

if (MethodInfo.IsVirtual && !MethodInfo.IsFinal)

If IsVirtual is false or IsFinal is true, then the method cannot be overridden.

The following example displays false for IsFinal, which might lead you to think that MyMethod is overridable. The code prints false even though MyMethod is not marked virtual and thus cannot be overridden.

using System;
using System.Reflection;

public class MyClass 
{
    public void MyMethod() 
    {
    }
    public static void Main() 
    {
        MethodBase m = typeof(MyClass).GetMethod("MyMethod");
        Console.WriteLine("The IsFinal property value of MyMethod is {0}.", m.IsFinal);
        Console.WriteLine("The IsVirtual property value of MyMethod is {0}.", m.IsVirtual);
    }
}

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.6, 4.5, 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

XNA Framework

Supported in: 3.0, 2.0, 1.0

Portable Class Library

Supported in: Portable Class Library

Supported in: Windows Phone 8.1

Supported in: Windows Phone Silverlight 8.1

Supported in: Windows Phone Silverlight 8
Was this page helpful?
(1500 characters remaining)
Thank you for your feedback
Show:
© 2015 Microsoft