GradientBrush Class

An abstract class that describes a gradient, composed of gradient stops. Classes that inherit from GradientBrush describe different ways of interpreting gradient stops.

Namespace:  System.Windows.Media
Assembly:  PresentationCore (in PresentationCore.dll)

[ContentPropertyAttribute("GradientStops")]
public abstract class GradientBrush : Brush
This class is abstract; see Inheritance Hierarchy for derived non-abstract classes usable in XAML.

A GradientBrush is a type of Freezable object and therefore can be frozen to improve performance. For information about Freezable features, such as freezing and cloning, see the Freezable Objects Overview.

Notes to Inheritors:

When you inherit from the GradientBrush class, you must override the CreateInstanceCore method. Depending on whether your class must perform additional initialization work or contains non-dependency property data members, you might need to override additional Freezable methods. For more information about inheriting from Freezable types, see the Freezable Objects Overview.

This example shows how to use the LinearGradientBrush class to paint an area with a linear gradient. In the following example, the Fill of a Rectangle is painted with a diagonal linear gradient that transitions from yellow to red to blue to lime green.

<!-- This rectangle is painted with a diagonal linear gradient. -->
<Rectangle Width="200" Height="100">
  <Rectangle.Fill>
    <LinearGradientBrush StartPoint="0,0" EndPoint="1,1">
      <GradientStop Color="Yellow" Offset="0.0" />
      <GradientStop Color="Red" Offset="0.25" />
      <GradientStop Color="Blue" Offset="0.75" />
      <GradientStop Color="LimeGreen" Offset="1.0" />
    </LinearGradientBrush>
  </Rectangle.Fill>
</Rectangle>
Rectangle diagonalFillRectangle = new Rectangle();
diagonalFillRectangle.Width = 200;
diagonalFillRectangle.Height = 100;

// Create a diagonal linear gradient with four stops.   
LinearGradientBrush myLinearGradientBrush =
    new LinearGradientBrush();
myLinearGradientBrush.StartPoint = new Point(0,0);
myLinearGradientBrush.EndPoint = new Point(1,1);
myLinearGradientBrush.GradientStops.Add(
    new GradientStop(Colors.Yellow, 0.0));
myLinearGradientBrush.GradientStops.Add(
    new GradientStop(Colors.Red, 0.25));                
myLinearGradientBrush.GradientStops.Add(
    new GradientStop(Colors.Blue, 0.75));        
myLinearGradientBrush.GradientStops.Add(
    new GradientStop(Colors.LimeGreen, 1.0));

// Use the brush to paint the rectangle.
diagonalFillRectangle.Fill = myLinearGradientBrush;

The following illustration shows the gradient created by the previous example.

A diagonal linear gradient

To create a horizontal linear gradient, change the StartPoint and EndPoint of the LinearGradientBrush to (0,0.5) and (1,0.5). In the following example, a Rectangle is painted with a horizontal linear gradient.

<!-- This rectangle is painted with a horizontal linear gradient. -->
<Rectangle Width="200" Height="100">
  <Rectangle.Fill>
    <LinearGradientBrush StartPoint="0,0.5" EndPoint="1,0.5">
      <GradientStop Color="Yellow" Offset="0.0" />
      <GradientStop Color="Red" Offset="0.25" />
      <GradientStop Color="Blue" Offset="0.75" />
      <GradientStop Color="LimeGreen" Offset="1.0" />
    </LinearGradientBrush>
  </Rectangle.Fill>
</Rectangle>
Rectangle horizontalFillRectangle = new Rectangle();
horizontalFillRectangle.Width = 200;
horizontalFillRectangle.Height = 100;

// Create a horizontal linear gradient with four stops.   
LinearGradientBrush myHorizontalGradient =
    new LinearGradientBrush();
myHorizontalGradient.StartPoint = new Point(0,0.5);
myHorizontalGradient.EndPoint = new Point(1,0.5);
myHorizontalGradient.GradientStops.Add(
    new GradientStop(Colors.Yellow, 0.0));
myHorizontalGradient.GradientStops.Add(
    new GradientStop(Colors.Red, 0.25));                
myHorizontalGradient.GradientStops.Add(
    new GradientStop(Colors.Blue, 0.75));        
myHorizontalGradient.GradientStops.Add(
    new GradientStop(Colors.LimeGreen, 1.0));

// Use the brush to paint the rectangle.
horizontalFillRectangle.Fill = myHorizontalGradient; 

The following illustration shows the gradient created by the previous example.

A horizontal linear gradient

To create a vertical linear gradient, change the StartPoint and EndPoint of the LinearGradientBrush to (0.5,0) and (0.5,1). In the following example, a Rectangle is painted with a vertical linear gradient.

<!-- This rectangle is painted with a vertical gradient. -->
<Rectangle Width="200" Height="100">
  <Rectangle.Fill>
    <LinearGradientBrush StartPoint="0.5,0" EndPoint="0.5,1">
      <GradientStop Color="Yellow" Offset="0.0" />
      <GradientStop Color="Red" Offset="0.25" />
      <GradientStop Color="Blue" Offset="0.75" />
      <GradientStop Color="LimeGreen" Offset="1.0" />
    </LinearGradientBrush>
  </Rectangle.Fill>
</Rectangle>
Rectangle verticalFillRectangle = new Rectangle();
verticalFillRectangle.Width = 200;
verticalFillRectangle.Height = 100;

// Create a vertical linear gradient with four stops.   
LinearGradientBrush myVerticalGradient =
    new LinearGradientBrush();
myVerticalGradient.StartPoint = new Point(0.5,0);
myVerticalGradient.EndPoint = new Point(0.5,1);
myVerticalGradient.GradientStops.Add(
    new GradientStop(Colors.Yellow, 0.0));
myVerticalGradient.GradientStops.Add(
    new GradientStop(Colors.Red, 0.25));                
myVerticalGradient.GradientStops.Add(
    new GradientStop(Colors.Blue, 0.75));        
myVerticalGradient.GradientStops.Add(
    new GradientStop(Colors.LimeGreen, 1.0));

// Use the brush to paint the rectangle.
verticalFillRectangle.Fill = myVerticalGradient;  

The following illustration shows the gradient created by the previous example.

A vertical linear gradient
NoteNote:

The examples in this topic use the default coordinate system for setting start points and end points. The default coordinate system is relative to a bounding box: 0 indicates 0 percent of the bounding box , and 1 indicates 100 percent of the bounding box. You can c hange this coordinate system by setting the MappingMode property to the value BrushMappingMode.Absolute. An absolute coordinate system is not relative to a bounding box. Values are interpreted directly in local space.

For additional examples, see Brushes Sample. For more information about gradients and other types of brushes, see Painting with Solid Colors and Gradients Overview.

More Code

How to: Paint an Area with a Radial Gradient This example shows how to use the RadialGradientBrush class to paint an area with a radial gradient.

Any public static (Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.

Windows 7, Windows Vista, Windows XP SP2, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2003

The .NET Framework and .NET Compact Framework do not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 3.5, 3.0
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