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NamedRange.TextToColumns Method

Parses a column of cells that contain text into several columns.

Namespace:  Microsoft.Office.Tools.Excel
Assembly:  Microsoft.Office.Tools.Excel (in Microsoft.Office.Tools.Excel.dll)

Object TextToColumns(
	Object Destination,
	XlTextParsingType DataType,
	XlTextQualifier TextQualifier,
	Object ConsecutiveDelimiter,
	Object Tab,
	Object Semicolon,
	Object Comma,
	Object Space,
	Object Other,
	Object OtherChar,
	Object FieldInfo,
	Object DecimalSeparator,
	Object ThousandsSeparator,
	Object TrailingMinusNumbers
)

Parameters

Destination
Type: System.Object
A Microsoft.Office.Interop.Excel.Range object that specifies where Microsoft Office Excel will place the results. If the range is larger than a single cell, the top left cell is used.
DataType
Type: Microsoft.Office.Interop.Excel.XlTextParsingType
The format of the text to be split into columns.
Can be one of the following XlTextParsingType constants:
xlDelimited (default)
xlFixedWidth
TextQualifier
Type: Microsoft.Office.Interop.Excel.XlTextQualifier
Can be one of the following XlTextQualifier values:
xlTextQualifierDoubleQuote (default)
xlTextQualifierNone
xlTextQualifierSingleQuote
ConsecutiveDelimiter
Type: System.Object
true to have Excel consider consecutive delimiters as one delimiter. The default value is false.
Tab
Type: System.Object
true to have DataType be xlDelimited and to have the tab character be a delimiter. The default value is false.
Semicolon
Type: System.Object
true to have DataType be xlDelimited and to have the semicolon be a delimiter. The default value is false.
Comma
Type: System.Object
true to have DataType be xlDelimited and to have the comma be a delimiter. The default value is false.
Space
Type: System.Object
true to have DataType be xlDelimited and to have the space character be a delimiter. The default value is false.
Other
Type: System.Object
true to have DataType be xlDelimited and to have the character specified by the OtherChar argument be a delimiter. The default value is false.
OtherChar
Type: System.Object
The delimiter character when Other is true. If more than one character is specified, only the first character of the string is used; the remaining characters are ignored.
FieldInfo
Type: System.Object
An array containing parse information for the individual columns of data. The interpretation depends on the value of DataType. When the data is delimited, this argument is an array of two-element arrays, with each two-element array specifying the conversion options for a particular column. The first element is the column number (1-based), and the second element is one of the XlColumnDataType constants specifying how the column is parsed.
Can be one of the following XlColumnDataType values:
xlGeneralFormat
xlTextFormat
xlMDYFormat
xlDMYFormat
xlYMDFormat
xlMYDFormat
xlDYMFormat
xlYDMFormat
xlEMDFormat
xlSkipColumn
You can use xlEMDFormat only if Taiwanese language support is installed and selected. xlEMDFormat specifies that Taiwanese era dates are being used.
The column specifiers can be in any order. If a given column specifier is not present for a particular column in the input data, the column is parsed with the xlGeneralFormat setting.
If the source data has fixed-width columns, the first element of each two-element array specifies the starting character position in the column (as an integer; 0 (zero) is the first character). The second element of the two-element array specifies the parse option for the column as a number from 1 through 9, as listed above.
DecimalSeparator
Type: System.Object
The decimal separator that Excel uses when recognizing numbers. The default setting is the system setting.
ThousandsSeparator
Type: System.Object
The thousands separator that Excel uses when recognizing numbers. The default setting is the system setting.
TrailingMinusNumbers
Type: System.Object
Numbers that begin with a minus character.

Return Value

Type: System.Object

The following table shows the results of importing text into Excel for various import settings. Numeric results are displayed in the rightmost column.

System decimal separator

System thousands separator

Decimal separator value

Thousands separator value

Original text

Cell value (data type)

Period

Comma

Comma

Period

123.123,45

123,123.45 (numeric)

Period

Comma

Comma

Comma

123.123,45

123.123,45 (text)

Comma

Period

Comma

Period

123,123.45

123,123.45 (numeric)

Period

Comma

Period

Comma

123 123.45

123 123.45 (text)

Period

Comma

Period

Space

123 123.45

123,123.45 (numeric)

Optional Parameters

For information on optional parameters, see Optional Parameters in Office Solutions.

The following code example uses the TextToColumns method to convert a space-delimited date string in a NamedRange to three columns.

This example is for a document-level customization.


private void ConvertTextToColumns()
{
    Microsoft.Office.Tools.Excel.NamedRange namedRange1 =
        this.Controls.AddNamedRange(this.Range["A1", missing],
        "namedRange1");

    namedRange1.Value2 = "01 01 2001";
    Excel.Range destinationRange = this.Range["A5", missing];

    namedRange1.TextToColumns(destinationRange,
        Excel.XlTextParsingType.xlDelimited,
        Excel.XlTextQualifier.xlTextQualifierDoubleQuote, missing,
        missing, missing, missing, true, missing, missing, missing,
        missing, missing, missing);
}


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