Array::FindLastIndex<T> Method (array<T>, Int32, Int32, Predicate<T>)

Searches for an element that matches the conditions defined by the specified predicate, and returns the zero-based index of the last occurrence within the range of elements in the Array that contains the specified number of elements and ends at the specified index.

Namespace:  System
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

generic<typename T>
static int FindLastIndex(
	array<T>^ array, 
	int startIndex, 
	int count, 
	Predicate<T>^ match

Type Parameters


The type of the elements of the array.


Type: array<T>

The one-dimensional, zero-based Array to search.

Type: System::Int32

The zero-based starting index of the backward search.

Type: System::Int32

The number of elements in the section to search.

Type: System::Predicate<T>

The Predicate<T> that defines the conditions of the element to search for.

Return Value

Type: System::Int32
The zero-based index of the last occurrence of an element that matches the conditions defined by match, if found; otherwise, –1.


array is nullptr.


match is nullptr.


startIndex is outside the range of valid indexes for array.


count is less than zero.


startIndex and count do not specify a valid section in array.

The Array is searched backward starting at startIndex and ending at startIndex minus count plus 1, if count is greater than 0.

The Predicate<T> is a delegate to a method that returns true if the object passed to it matches the conditions defined in the delegate. The elements of array are individually passed to the Predicate<T>.

This method is an O(n) operation, where n is count.

The following code example demonstrates all three overloads of the FindLastIndex generic method. An array of strings is created, containing 8 dinosaur names, two of which (at positions 1 and 5) end with "saurus". The code example also defines a search predicate method named EndsWithSaurus, which accepts a string parameter and returns a Boolean value indicating whether the input string ends in "saurus".

The FindLastIndex<T>(array<T>, Predicate<T>) method overload traverses the array backward from the end, passing each element in turn to the EndsWithSaurus method. The search stops when the EndsWithSaurus method returns true for the element at position 5.


In C# and Visual Basic, it is not necessary to create the Predicate<string> delegate (Predicate(Of String) in Visual Basic) explicitly. These languages infer the correct delegate from context and create it automatically.

The FindLastIndex<T>(array<T>, Int32, Predicate<T>) method overload is used to search the array beginning at position 4 and continuing backward to the beginning of the array. It finds the element at position 1. Finally, the FindLastIndex<T>(array<T>, Int32, Int32, Predicate<T>) method overload is used to search the range of three elements beginning at position 4 and working backward (that is, elements 4, 3, and 2). It returns –1 because there are no dinosaur names in that range that end with "saurus".

using namespace System;

// Search predicate returns true if a string ends in "saurus".
bool EndsWithSaurus(String^ s)
    if ((s->Length > 5) && 
        (s->Substring(s->Length - 6)->ToLower() == "saurus"))
        return true;
        return false;

void main()
    array<String^>^ dinosaurs = { "Compsognathus", 
        "Amargasaurus",   "Oviraptor",      "Velociraptor", 
        "Deinonychus",    "Dilophosaurus",  "Gallimimus", 
        "Triceratops" };

    for each(String^ dinosaur in dinosaurs )

    Console::WriteLine("\nArray::FindLastIndex(dinosaurs, EndsWithSaurus): {0}", 
        Array::FindLastIndex(dinosaurs, gcnew Predicate<String^>(EndsWithSaurus)));

    Console::WriteLine("\nArray::FindLastIndex(dinosaurs, 4, EndsWithSaurus): {0}",
        Array::FindLastIndex(dinosaurs, 4, gcnew Predicate<String^>(EndsWithSaurus)));

    Console::WriteLine("\nArray::FindLastIndex(dinosaurs, 4, 3, EndsWithSaurus): {0}",
        Array::FindLastIndex(dinosaurs, 4, 3, gcnew Predicate<String^>(EndsWithSaurus)));

/* This code example produces the following output:


Array::FindLastIndex(dinosaurs, EndsWithSaurus): 5

Array::FindLastIndex(dinosaurs, 4, EndsWithSaurus): 1

Array::FindLastIndex(dinosaurs, 4, 3, EndsWithSaurus): -1

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.6, 4.5, 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Portable Class Library

Supported in: Portable Class Library

Supported in: Windows Phone 8.1

Supported in: Windows Phone Silverlight 8.1

Supported in: Windows Phone Silverlight 8
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