Convert.ToSingle Method (String)

Converts the specified string representation of a number to an equivalent single-precision floating-point number.

Namespace:  System
Assemblies:   System.Runtime.Extensions (in System.Runtime.Extensions.dll)
  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

public static float ToSingle(
	string value
)

Parameters

value
Type: System.String

A string that contains the number to convert.

Return Value

Type: System.Single
A single-precision floating-point number that is equivalent to the number in value, or 0 (zero) if value is null.

ExceptionCondition
FormatException

value is not a number in a valid format.

OverflowException

value represents a number that is less than Single.MinValue or greater than Single.MaxValue.

Using the ToSingle(String) method is equivalent to passing value to the Single.Parse(String) method. value is interpreted by using the formatting conventions of the current thread culture.

If you prefer not to handle an exception if the conversion fails, you can call the Single.TryParse method instead. It returns a Boolean value that indicates whether the conversion succeeded or failed.

The following example attempts to convert each element in an array of numeric strings to a Single value.

string[] values= { "-1,035.77219", "1AFF", "1e-35", "1.63f",
                   "1,635,592,999,999,999,999,999,999", "-17.455", 
                   "190.34001", "1.29e325"};
float result;

foreach (string value in values)
{
   try {
      result = Convert.ToSingle(value);
      Console.WriteLine("Converted the {0} value '{1}' to the {2} value {3}.", 
                        value.GetType().Name, value, 
                        result.GetType().Name, result);
   }   
   catch (FormatException) {
      Console.WriteLine("Unable to convert '{0}' to a Single.", value);
   }               
   catch (OverflowException) {
      Console.WriteLine("'{0}' is outside the range of a Single.", value);
   }
}       
// The example displays the following output: 
//    Converted the String value '-1,035.77219' to the Single value -1035.772. 
//    Unable to convert '1AFF' to a Single. 
//    Converted the String value '1e-35' to the Single value 1E-35. 
//    Unable to convert '1.63f' to a Single. 
//    Converted the String value '1,635,592,999,999,999,999,999,999' to the Single value 1.635593E+24. 
//    Converted the String value '-17.455' to the Single value -17.455. 
//    Converted the String value '190.34001' to the Single value 190.34. 
//    1.29e325' is outside the range of a Single.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.6, 4.5, 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

XNA Framework

Supported in: 3.0, 2.0, 1.0

.NET for Windows Phone apps

Supported in: Windows Phone 8.1, Windows Phone Silverlight 8.1, Windows Phone Silverlight 8

Portable Class Library

Supported in: Portable Class Library
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