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How to: Copy Directories

This example demonstrates how to use I/O classes to copy a directory from one location to another. In this example, the user can specify whether to also copy the subdirectories. If the subdirectories are copied, the method in this example recursively copies them by calling itself on each subsequent subdirectory until there are no more to copy.

using System;
using System.IO;

class DirectoryCopyExample
{
    static void Main()
    {
        DirectoryCopy(".", @".\temp", true);
    }

    private static void DirectoryCopy(
        string sourceDirName, string destDirName, bool copySubDirs)
    {
      DirectoryInfo dir = new DirectoryInfo(sourceDirName);
      DirectoryInfo[] dirs = dir.GetDirectories();

      // If the source directory does not exist, throw an exception. 
        if (!dir.Exists)
        {
            throw new DirectoryNotFoundException(
                "Source directory does not exist or could not be found: "
                + sourceDirName);
        }

        // If the destination directory does not exist, create it. 
        if (!Directory.Exists(destDirName))
        {
            Directory.CreateDirectory(destDirName);
        }


        // Get the file contents of the directory to copy.
        FileInfo[] files = dir.GetFiles();

        foreach (FileInfo file in files)
        {
            // Create the path to the new copy of the file. 
            string temppath = Path.Combine(destDirName, file.Name);

            // Copy the file.
            file.CopyTo(temppath, false);
        }

        // If copySubDirs is true, copy the subdirectories. 
        if (copySubDirs)
        {

            foreach (DirectoryInfo subdir in dirs)
            {
                // Create the subdirectory. 
                string temppath = Path.Combine(destDirName, subdir.Name);

                // Copy the subdirectories.
                DirectoryCopy(subdir.FullName, temppath, copySubDirs);
            }
        }
    }
}
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