Enumerable.SelectMany(TSource, TResult) Method (IEnumerable(TSource), Func(TSource, Int32, IEnumerable(TResult)))
Projects each element of a sequence to an IEnumerable(T), and flattens the resulting sequences into one sequence. The index of each source element is used in the projected form of that element.
Assembly: System.Core (in System.Core.dll)
static member SelectMany : source:IEnumerable<'TSource> * selector:Func<'TSource, int, IEnumerable<'TResult>> -> IEnumerable<'TResult>
The type of the elements of source.
The type of the elements of the sequence returned by selector.
- Type: System.Collections.Generic.IEnumerable()
A sequence of values to project.
Return ValueType: System.Collections.Generic.IEnumerable()
An IEnumerable(T) whose elements are the result of invoking the one-to-many transform function on each element of an input sequence.
Usage NoteIn Visual Basic and C#, you can call this method as an instance method on any object of type IEnumerable(). When you use instance method syntax to call this method, omit the first parameter. For more information, see Extension Methods (Visual Basic) or Extension Methods (C# Programming Guide).
source or selector is a null reference (Nothing in Visual Basic).
This method is implemented by using deferred execution. The immediate return value is an object that stores all the information that is required to perform the action. The query represented by this method is not executed until the object is enumerated either by calling its GetEnumerator method directly or by using foreach in Visual C# or For Each in Visual Basic.
The method enumerates the input sequence, uses a transform function to map each element to an IEnumerable(T), and then enumerates and yields the elements of each such IEnumerable(T) object. That is, for each element of source, selector is invoked and a sequence of values is returned. then flattens this two-dimensional collection of collections into a one-dimensional IEnumerable(T) and returns it. For example, if a query uses to obtain the orders (of type Order) for each customer in a database, the result is of type IEnumerable<Order> in C# or IEnumerable(Of Order) in Visual Basic. If instead the query uses Select to obtain the orders, the collection of collections of orders is not combined and the result is of type IEnumerable<List<Order>> in C# or IEnumerable(Of List(Of Order)) in Visual Basic.
The first argument to selector represents the element to process. The second argument to selector represents the zero-based index of that element in the source sequence. This can be useful if the elements are in a known order and you want to do something with an element at a particular index, for example. It can also be useful if you want to retrieve the index of one or more elements.
.NET FrameworkSupported in: 4.6, 4.5, 4, 3.5
.NET Framework Client ProfileSupported in: 4, 3.5 SP1
XNA FrameworkSupported in: 3.0
Portable Class LibrarySupported in: Portable Class Library
Supported in: Windows Phone 8.1
Supported in: Windows Phone Silverlight 8.1
Supported in: Windows Phone Silverlight 8